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Do-Now Copy the following questions into your notes, leave space to answer: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? What reforms did T.R.

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Presentation on theme: "Do-Now Copy the following questions into your notes, leave space to answer: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? What reforms did T.R."— Presentation transcript:

1 Do-Now Copy the following questions into your notes, leave space to answer: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? Based on what you know about T.R.s personality, beliefs, & leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms.Objective To analyze / understand the progressive Reforms enacted under Theodore Roosevelt. Monday, October 20 Agenda Do-Now Notes on Theodore Roosevelts Progressive Reforms Essential Questions Q & AHomework Read Chapter 18, Section 3, Complete WS Quiz Thursday Current Event Friday

2 Thursdays Quiz will cover: Roosevelt Roosevelt Taft Taft Wilson Wilson Womens Suffrage Womens Suffrage Based on your article, write a detailed summary (one full paragraph or more) and prepare a 1-to-2 minute lesson on your topic to share with the class. Based on your article, write a detailed summary (one full paragraph or more) and prepare a 1-to-2 minute lesson on your topic to share with the class. I.O.W. research your topic! Give us the back-story! I.O.W. research your topic! Give us the back-story! Friday you will need a Current Event - Election Then we will finally be moving on from the Progressive Era!!! : )

3 Do-Later Answer the following, be specific / fully explain: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? Based on what you know about T.R.s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain. Based on what you know about T.R.s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.

4 T.R.s Square Deal May 1902, United Mine Workers strike Demand better wages Winter nears, no resolution = no coal T.R. intervenes Forces arbitration – A settlement in which an impartial 3 rd party decides on a legally- binding solution His Threat Army will control the mine Resolution called a Square Deal for both sides Miners get 10% raise, reduced work hours Management does not have to recognize the union

5 Anti-Trust Activism Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890) Old trend: not consistently enforced Dissolution of the Northern Securities Company A Holding Company – buys up smaller co.s to create a monopoly Under T.R. NSC accused of violating S. A-T Act Reversing the trend Some 42 anti-trust actions under T.R. Included: Beef trust, Standard Oil, American Tobacco, etc.

6 Grappling with Standard Oil T.R. was not anti- business, but believed the government should regulate them. He did not wish to destroy trusts which did not harm the public.

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9 Railroad Regulation Recall how T.R. became president Needed to be careful not to turn Congress against him Once re-elected in 1904, able to push changes 1906 Hepburn Act A battle with Congress Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) gained new, stronger enforcement powers Could now set and limit railroad rates ICC first federal regulatory agency

10 Its a Jungle out there

11 Protecting Public Health T.R. at first renounced the Muckrakers Many powerful food exposes Persuaded to act Result (1906): Pure food and drug act Meat Inspection Act Required : accurate labeling of ingredients strict sanitary conditions rating system for meats

12 A New Labor Department Labor and Womens Reform Groups apply pressure Cabinet Level Department of Labor Childrens Bureau Womens Bureau Both groups supported laws to benefit women and children Julia Lathrop & Mary Anderson heads of the new bureaus first women in such federal posts

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14 Protecting the Environment T.R. pushes congress to preserve natural lands Inspired by writers like John Muir Nations first National Parks Yellowstone, WY Yosemite, CA Roosevelt Gifford Pinchot – policy for land use Set aside 200million+ acres for conservation National forests, mineral reserves, water projects

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19 Do-Later Answer the following, be specific / fully explain: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? Based on what you know about T.R.s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain. Based on what you know about T.R.s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.

20 How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? By getting involved in labor disputes, breaking up harmful trusts, and successfully pushing congress to regulate railroads and the food-processing industry.

21 What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? Under Theodore Roosevelts Square Deal, reforms were made which included: Anti-Trust activism Railroad regulation Transforming Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) into the first regulatory agency The Pure Food and Drug Act Meat Inspection Act Protections to the Environment

22 With his dynamic personality and energetic leadership style he was well-suited to match the attitude of Americans during the Progressive Era. He was unafraid to face such challenges as the railroads and large trusts. How did T.R.s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, shape his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.

23 HOMEWORK Worksheet Worksheet Read Chapter 18, Section 3 Read Chapter 18, Section 3Note: Quiz Thursday Quiz Thursday Current Events Friday (Election K-W-L) Current Events Friday (Election K-W-L)


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