Presentation on theme: "Monday, October 20 Do-Now Agenda Homework Objective Do-Now"— Presentation transcript:
1Monday, October 20 Do-Now Agenda Homework Objective Do-Now Copy the following questions into your notes, leave space to answer:How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority?What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal?Based on what you know about T.R.’s personality, beliefs, & leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms.ObjectiveTo analyze / understand the progressive Reforms enacted under Theodore Roosevelt.AgendaDo-NowNotes on Theodore Roosevelt’s Progressive ReformsEssential Questions Q & AHomeworkRead Chapter 18, Section 3, Complete WSQuiz ThursdayCurrent Event Friday
2Thursday’s Quiz will cover: RooseveltTaftWilsonWomen’s SuffrageThen we will finally be moving on from the Progressive Era!!! : )Friday you will need a Current Event - ElectionBased on your article, write a detailed summary (one full paragraph or more) and prepare a 1-to-2 minute “lesson” on your topic to share with the class.I.O.W. research your topic! Give us the back-story!
3Do-Later Answer the following, be specific / fully explain: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority?What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal?Based on what you know about T.R.’s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.
4T.R.’s Square Deal May 1902, United Mine Workers strike Demand better wagesWinter nears, no resolution = no coalT.R. intervenesForces arbitration –A settlement in which an impartial 3rd party decides on a legally-binding solutionHis ThreatArmy will control the mineResolution called a “Square Deal” for both sidesMiners get 10% raise, reduced work hoursManagement does not have to recognize the union
5Anti-Trust Activism Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890) Old trend: not consistently enforcedDissolution of the Northern Securities CompanyA “Holding Company” – buys up smaller co.’s to create a monopolyUnder T.R. NSC accused of violating S. A-T ActReversing the trendSome 42 anti-trust actions under T.R.Included:Beef trust, Standard Oil, American Tobacco, etc.
6Grappling with Standard Oil T.R. was not anti-business, but believed the government should regulate them.He did not wish to destroy trusts which did not harm the public.
9Railroad Regulation 1906 Hepburn Act Recall how T.R. became president Needed to be careful not to turn Congress against himOnce re-elected in 1904, able to push changes1906 Hepburn ActA battle with CongressInterstate Commerce Commission (ICC) gained new, stronger enforcement powersCould now set and limit railroad ratesICC first federal regulatory agency
11Protecting Public Health T.R. at first renounced the MuckrakersMany powerful food exposesPersuaded to actResult (1906):Pure food and drug actMeat Inspection ActRequired :accurate labeling of ingredientsstrict sanitary conditionsrating system for meats
12A New Labor Department Labor and Women’s Reform Groups apply pressure Cabinet Level Department of LaborChildren’s BureauWomen’s BureauBoth groups supported laws to benefit women and childrenJulia Lathrop & Mary Andersonheads of the new bureausfirst women in such federal posts
14Protecting the Environment T.R. pushes congress to preserve natural landsInspired by writers like John MuirNation’s first National ParksYellowstone, WYYosemite, CARooseveltGifford Pinchot – policy for land useSet aside 200million+ acres for conservationNational forests, mineral reserves, water projects
19Do-Later Answer the following, be specific / fully explain: How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority?What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal?Based on what you know about T.R.’s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, draw conclusions about how these characteristics shaped his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.
20How did Roosevelt expand the presidential authority? By getting involved in labor disputes, breaking up harmful trusts, and successfully pushing congress to regulate railroads and the food-processing industry.
21What reforms did T.R. achieve under his square deal? Under Theodore Roosevelt’s “Square Deal,” reforms were made which included:Anti-Trust activismRailroad regulationTransforming Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) into the first regulatory agencyThe Pure Food and Drug ActMeat Inspection ActProtections to the Environment
22How did T.R.’s personality, beliefs, and leadership style, shape his pursuit of Progressive reforms. Explain.With his dynamic personality and energetic leadership style he was well-suited to match the attitude of Americans during the Progressive Era.He was unafraid to face such challenges as the railroads and large trusts.