Health Disparities Physical activity declines with age Women are less likely than men to meet PAGA (61% vs 69.9%) 55% of African-Americans and 48.4% of Mexican-Americans meet PAGA compared with Caucasian- Americans @ 68.8% Tucker, Welk, & Beyler (2011)
Why Employee Wellness in Schools? Important and valuable to school-wide success Improve staff health, increase physical activity Schools should plan and implement policies, and incentive programs for faculty and staff When school leaders are personally committed to good health practices, they are positive role models to students they serve
Benefits to Employers Individuals with good exercise habits cost 10% less than sedentary counterparts Workplace exercise programs may: Reduce annual medical costs by $76 million (Annual HC costs > $900 billion) Decrease absenteeism by 32% Increase productivity up to 55% (Safeer & Rothenstein, 2011)
PLAN Get “buy-in” from administration Use current wellness committee to plan health interventions Establish clear goals/objectives for wellness program
Wellness Committee Wellness Committee could complete the following: Evaluate the current programs, services and policies that are available at your workplace Assess employee needs and preferences Develop a health promotion operating plan, goals, and objectives Assist in implementing, monitoring, and evaluating WHP activities
ASSESS NEEDS Health Risk Assessments – Information on demographics (e.g., sex, age), lifestyle (e.g., smoking, exercise, alcohol, diet), personal medical history, family medical history, physiological data (e.g., height, weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels) Cost/benefits analysis www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/programdesign/costcalculators.htm Needs assessment www.welcoa.org/freeresources/index.php?category=11
Design Healthy Environments at Work mihealthtools.org/work/ Helps your worksite determine ways to create a healthier worksite environment - one that supports employees in moving more, eating better and leading a tobacco-free lifestyle.
Conduct an Environmental Audit Audits provide opportunities for employees to practice healthy behaviors, (physical activity) or can discourage unhealthy behaviors, (using tobacco products). Features that may be audited include the following: Availability of nutritious foods in vending and cafeterias Availability of tobacco- or smoke-free areas "Walkability" of the work place, sidewalks between buildings and stairs within buildings Availability of fitness centers, shower facilities, multi- purpose paths, bicycle racks that support physical activity
IMPLEMENT Programs – StairWELL to Better Health www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/stairwell/index.htm www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/stairwell/index.htm – Walkability Audit Tool www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/walkability/index.htm www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/walkability/index.htm – Discount Fitness Club Network www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/fitnessclub/index.htm www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/toolkits/fitnessclub/index.htm
IMPLEMENT Policies Formal, written laws/policies, such as federal authorizing and appropriations law or a specific smoking ban Informal, such as "casual Fridays," where such a rule doesn't exist formally, but is collectively assumed that employees may wear jeans to work
EVALUATE Involve analyzing the results achieved in the WHP program Determining if they meet goals and objectives Identifying what was successful and what needs to be improved. Evaluation should be an ongoing activity in health promotion programs.
Strategies to Increase Physical Activity 1)Action planning 2)Providing instruction/opportunities 3)Reinforcing effort or progress Williams & French, 2011
Action Planning Gain Administrative & Employee Support Create “Fitness Forums” Establish “Monthly Themes” Incorporate “Daily Activity”
Monthly Themes January: Jumpstart Fitness February: American Heart Month March: National Nutrition Month April: Spring into Fitness May: National Employee Health & Fitness Month June & July: Summer, Sunshine, & SPF August: Advocate Activity September: Healthy Aging Month October: Breast Cancer Awareness Month November & December: Holiday Survival (6-week plan)
Provide Instruction/Opportunities January- ScaleBack Alabama http://www.scalebackalabama.com/ http://www.scalebackalabama.com/ August- Begin a “couch to 5K” group that meets before/after school October- Enroll a team in a Breast Cancer Walk
Provide Instruction/Opportunities Move It Mondays Toning Tuesdays Walking Wednesdays Tighten Up Thursdays Fit Fridays