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Chapter 9 Memory pt. 3: Motivated Forgetting and Memory Reconstruction.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Memory pt. 3: Motivated Forgetting and Memory Reconstruction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Memory pt. 3: Motivated Forgetting and Memory Reconstruction

2 Warm Up-page Which is easier recall or recognition? Why? 2. What are the 7 sins of memory? 3. How do proactive interference and retroactive interference differ?

3 wells/homepage.htm wells/homepage.htm

4 Motivated Forgetting Motivated Forgetting is the idea that people unknowingly revise their history. Motivated Forgetting is the idea that people unknowingly revise their history. What purpose might motivated forgetting serve? What purpose might motivated forgetting serve?

5 Motivated Forgetting Repression: idea put forth by psychoanalytic theorists like Freud which states anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories can be banished from consciousness. Repression: idea put forth by psychoanalytic theorists like Freud which states anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories can be banished from consciousness. Ex: child abuse, rape, incest may be repressed and not be able to be actively recalled. Ex: child abuse, rape, incest may be repressed and not be able to be actively recalled.

6 Memory Construction Memory Construction refers to the idea that memories are NOT objective, recordings of the actual events we experience. Memory Construction refers to the idea that memories are NOT objective, recordings of the actual events we experience. Our memories are often affected by our pre-existing schemas and involve information filtering and interpretations. Our memories are often affected by our pre-existing schemas and involve information filtering and interpretations.

7 Memory Construction Eyewitnesses reconstruct memories when questioned Eyewitnesses reconstruct memories when questioned Depiction of actual accident Leading question: “About how fast were the cars going when they smashed into each other?” Memory constructio n

8 Memory Construction Affected By: Misinformation Effect: incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event Misinformation Effect: incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event Coke Vs. Peanuts Coke Vs. Peanuts Challenger Challenger Imagined events are more familiar, and familiar things are more real Imagined events are more familiar, and familiar things are more real

9 Memory Construction Affected By: Source Amnesia: attributing to the wrong source an event that we experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined (misattribution) Source Amnesia: attributing to the wrong source an event that we experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined (misattribution) Reagan and the movie, A Wing and a Prayer Reagan and the movie, A Wing and a Prayer

10 Memory Construction Overview People fill in memory gaps with plausible guesses and assumptions People fill in memory gaps with plausible guesses and assumptions Imagining events can create false memories Imagining events can create false memories Persistence and confidence does not mean accuracy Persistence and confidence does not mean accuracy Children's eyewitness recall Children's eyewitness recall Child sexual abuse does occur Child sexual abuse does occur Some innocent people suffer false accusations Some innocent people suffer false accusations Some guilty cast doubt on true testimony Some guilty cast doubt on true testimony Children are fairly accurate when their memories are not tampered with Children are fairly accurate when their memories are not tampered with

11 Memory Construction Roediger and McDermott Brain Study Roediger and McDermott Brain Study False and true memories registered in the hippocampus False and true memories registered in the hippocampus True memories only registered in the left Temporal Lobe True memories only registered in the left Temporal Lobe Processes speech sounds Processes speech sounds

12 Memory Construction and Abuse Memories of Abuse Memories of Abuse Repressed or Constructed? Repressed or Constructed? Child sexual abuse does occur Child sexual abuse does occur Some adults do actually forget such episodes Some adults do actually forget such episodes Recovered memories are common Recovered memories are common Memories before age 3 are unreliable Memories before age 3 are unreliable Infantile amnesia Infantile amnesia

13 Memory Construction and Abuse False Memory Syndrome False Memory Syndrome condition in which a person’s identity and relationships center around a false but strongly believed memory of traumatic experience condition in which a person’s identity and relationships center around a false but strongly believed memory of traumatic experience sometimes induced by well- meaning therapists sometimes induced by well- meaning therapists

14 How Can Chapter 9 Concepts Help You Study 1. Study repeatedly 2. Rehearse 3. Make it meaningful 4. Use mnemonics 5. Use retrieval Codes 6. Recall before interference takes place 7. Minimize interference 8. Test Yourself


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