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Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) Heliophysics Integrated Observatory HELIO Robert Bentley, UCL-MSSL (UK) Andre Csillaghy, FHNW (CH) Jean Aboudarham,

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Presentation on theme: "Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) Heliophysics Integrated Observatory HELIO Robert Bentley, UCL-MSSL (UK) Andre Csillaghy, FHNW (CH) Jean Aboudarham,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) Heliophysics Integrated Observatory HELIO Robert Bentley, UCL-MSSL (UK) Andre Csillaghy, FHNW (CH) Jean Aboudarham, Obs. Paris-LESIA (FR) & The HELIO Team (European Geophysical Union, Vienna, 21 April 2009)

2 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 2 Overview Heliophysics is the study of the effect of the Sun on the Solar System New discipline that spans a number of well established communities HELIO, the Heliophysics Integrated Observatory, will provide the heliophysics research community with an integrated e-Infrastructure that has no equivalent anywhere else Need for this type of capability driven by desire to study problems that span disciplinary boundaries Search base on metadata increasingly important as data volumes increase Proposal submitted to EC’s FP7 Capacities Specific Programme Call in September 2008 for “Scientific Data Infrastructures” One of six projects selected for Negotiations in January 2009 Projected start date of HELIO is 1 June 2009, duration 36 months

3 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 3 Objectives & Structure Project Objectives To create a collaborative environment where scientists can discover, understand and model the connection between solar phenomena, interplanetary disturbances and their effects on the planets (esp. the Earth) To establish a consensus on standards for describing all heliophysical data and champion them within international standards bodies, e.g. the IVOA To develop new ways to interact with a virtual observatory that are more closely aligned with the way researchers wish to use the data HELIO will address its challenges following the Integrated Infrastructure Initiative (I3) activities model of the EC’s Framework Programme: Networking Activities used to involve the community Service Activities used to implement structure of the virtual observatory Research Activities used to investigate/develop required capabilities Desire is to create something in useful to the community, however it chooses to use it. Therefore need input and feedback from the community during all phases of the project

4 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 4 Context and Communities Heliophysics is the effect of the Sun on the Solar System On/near Earth, effects on society stimulate interest – Space Weather Effects experienced throughout System Heliophysics is mainly an event driven discipline Something is observed and desire is to trace origins or subsequent effects Nature of the effect depends on causal phenomenon and location of the observer Most effects have origins in emissions from solar activity Some effects related to propagating phenomena resulting from activity Location in relation to source and with respect to a planet determines effects Presence of magnetic field and/or atmosphere influences effect on planetary environment U.Alaska

5 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 5 Context and Communities Immediate effects relate to photons emissions Short delay due to light propagation time Effects mostly experienced if observer has line-of-site view of the source Delayed effects cause by particle emissions Particles follow the spiral of the IMF – effects lags behind source CMEs distort IMF and carry embedded magnetic field Delay can be tens of hours, even at Earth Phenomena must pass observer for effect to be experience Different aspects of effects traditionally studied in separate domains Solar, heliospheric, magnetospheric & ionospheric (planetary & geo-sciences) Communities have evolved independently over decades or centuries Significant differences in the content of data, and the way they are stored and handled

6 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 6 HELIO’s perspective of a generic problem Identify interesting events Event lists and feature lists used as primary selection criteria Context information helps user to refine selection o images, time series of observed and derived parameters, etc. Search based solely on metadata and derived products Search undertaken across several domains in 4-Dimensions o Effects occur as phenomena propagate – whether, where and when to look o Follow phenomena through coordinate systems as enter planetary environment Review availability of suitable observations Determine whether observations matching selection criteria are available for the relevant locations and time intervals Coverage and quality of observations are addition selection criteria Locate, select and retrieve the required observations For all domains, system knows which types of data are held where and handles access no matter how data are stored (access protocols & formats) Optionally process selected observations (extract and calibrate) Optionally return data in different/desired format Analysis done with users own software tools (e.g. IDL)

7 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 7 Implementation following I3 model HELIO is based on a Service-Oriented Architecture Series of metadata servers covering the different domains o Event and feature metadata; also context information – time series & images Service to provide enhanced search capability based on metadata o Facilitates search across domains for interesting events o Propagation model available to relate metadata from all part of Solar System Services to identify and retrieve observations based on search results o Determines whether suitable observations were made at particular time/place – Knows about data types, coverage & observatory location w.r.t. Sun and planetary bodies o Knows which data are stored where and how to access them Servers to provide processing and storage capabilities o Tools provided to find and track events/phenomena in 4D environment o Tools to generate quick-look products, o Tools to extract & calibrate subset of data in any desired format Services can be used individually or combined through workflow capability Semantic-drive approach used to integrate data from different domains o Based on ontology derived from existing data models

8 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 8 Implementation following I3 model Networking Activities used to involved the community Community consulted to determine project requirements Focus Groups used to resolve issues and formulate designs User Groups used to review capabilities and provide feedback o Need people who will assist the project for an extended period Coordinated Data Analysis Workshops (CDAWs) are planned o Provisional dates are in months 18, 24 and 30 Community Coordination Meetings will also be held o Some will be in conjunction with meetings like the EGU Research Activities used to investigate/develop required capabilities Develop ontology to help create over-spanning data model (Semantic VO) o Based on existing data models such as EGSO, VSTO and SPASE o Not practical to develop single data model for everything, nor is it realistic to expect communities to adopt it over their own models Feature detection and tracking capabilities in new domains Enhanced user interface to encourage uptake of VO capabilities

9 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 9 Realizing HELIO’s other objectives Strategy and Standards HELIO will provide integrate access to metadata and data from several domains that are related but have distinct differences Issues related to the quality and coherence of some metadata o Semantic-driven approach will resolve many, but not all problems Need to improve the search and observational metadata o Regenerate some metadata – event lists, etc. o Talk with data providers to ensure header information improved o Develop new standard for future datasets; accommodate existing ones Make improvement in collaboration with the global community o Compliant as far as possible with standards develop by IVOA, etc. o Need to be sympathetic to related communities - astrophysics, planetary, etc. Enhanced User Interface Uptake of VxOs could be limited by the nature of user interfaces o Interfaces do not provide access in way scientists want to think HELIO trying to find new ways of create and tailor user interfaces o Networking activity will seek input and opinions from the community Objective will be pursued after HELIO infrastructure has been established

10 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 10 The HELIO Consortium Several partners have extensive knowledge of the domains of heliophysics and experience in managing and archiving their data Others provide expertise in different areas of computer science and also have some familiarity with handling data CountryInstitutionContact UKUniversity College London (MSSL)R.D. Bentley (PI) CHFachhochschule NordwestschweizA. Csillaghy FRObservatoire de Paris (LESIA)J. Aboudarham FRUniversite Paul Sabatier Toulouse (CESR)C. Jacquey UKScience and Technology Facilities Council (RAL)M.A. Hapgood FRUniversite Paris-Sud (IAS)K. Bocchialini ITIstituto Nazionale di Astrophisica (Obs. Trieste)M. Messerotti UKUniversity of ManchesterJ. Brooke IETrinity College DublinP. Gallagher USRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteP. Fox USLockheed Martin Space Systems Company (LMATC)N. Hurlburt US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Heliophysics Science Division at GSFC) D.A. Roberts Int. European Space Agency ( Science Operations Dept., Space Environment & Effects Dept. ) L. Sanchez

11 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 11 Relation with other (past or running) projects EGSO FP5 project supporting solar physics – many partners were involved Technology for servers and registries have heritage in EGSO AstroGrid UK e-Science project – All UK partners were involved to varying degrees HELIO will reuse some of the technology developed by AstroGrid VOTech FP6 VO technology development (part of Euro-VO) Several partners involved – HELIO will employ VOTech technology SOTERIA FP7 project mainly oriented towards developing EU data resources Limited effort devoted to integration – complements HELIO… Already had discussions with relevant partners (OBSPM a partner) EuroPlaNet Research Infrastructure FP7 project supporting planetary science – CESR led, others involved Community at HELIO boundary (PC: IDIS Expert; CESR: Interoperability) VSTO Funded by US NSF – strong synergies with HELIO (Partner is PI) AMDA French project lead by CESR (partner in HELIO) SWENET Established by ESA to support Space Weather Pilot Projects Major component of Eu SWx community – interoperability essential NASA HDMC (SPASE) NASA coordination activity in heliophysics (incl. VSO, VHO, etc.) US partner at NASA-GSFC is Project Scientist of HDMC

12 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 12 HELIO Web Site Site will describe What HELIO is doing How users in the community can be involved Discussions on standards in conjunction with the IAU When community meeting and CDAWs will be held Other news, etc. Site is still being developed

13 Heliophysics Integrated Observatory (HELIO) 13 Conclusions HELIO will establish an integrated e-Infrastructure for heliophysics that will facilitate exciting new science that spans disciplines Involving the community important to HELIO User Groups will be established to provide input and feedback Coordinated Data Analysis Workshops will provide opportunity for scientists to learn about and use the HELIO system Community Coordination Meetings will keep everyone up to date HELIO will also strive to enhance the richness of the underlying fabric in all the domains that constitute heliophysics Encourage improvement of contents and structure of the data & metadata Help define and implement new strategy and standards Need community involvement to do this! HELIO Web site: Projected start date: 1 June 2009


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