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UK and European Real Estate Investment and Finance Sukuk - the UK taxation issues M ohammed Amin MA FCA AMCT CTA (Fellow) Tax Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers.

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Presentation on theme: "UK and European Real Estate Investment and Finance Sukuk - the UK taxation issues M ohammed Amin MA FCA AMCT CTA (Fellow) Tax Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers."— Presentation transcript:

1 UK and European Real Estate Investment and Finance Sukuk - the UK taxation issues M ohammed Amin MA FCA AMCT CTA (Fellow) Tax Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

2 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 22 November 2006 Slide 2 Mohammed Amin Mohammed Amin has specialised in the taxation of foreign exchange, derivatives and corporate debt for over a decade, and leads the PwC Islamic Finance Taxation Network in the UK. He is a Council member of the Chartered Institute of Taxation (CIOT) and serves on the Technical Committee of the Association of Corporate Treasurers (ACT). Amin graduated in mathematics from Clare College, Cambridge. He is the only person in the UK who is a fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England & Wales, an associate member of the ACT and a fellow of the CIOT. Amin regularly contributes articles on taxation for The Treasurer and other UK professional magazines. He wrote the sections on Alternative Finance Arrangements in Butterworths Finance Act Handbook 2005 & 2006, and in Simons Taxes. His web log (“blog”) on finance and treasury taxation (address is the first blog from any Big 4 firm in the UK. Tel: Fax: Mob: Web: PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

3 22 November 2006 Slide 3 Outline Sukuk illustration UK tax problems -disallowance of finance costs -transaction taxes Recent UK tax law changes Legislating for sukuk PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

4 22 November 2006 Slide 4 Sukuk illustration New company owned by a charity Creates a trust Issues trust certificates to investors for cash Purchases assets from sponsor Assets contributed to mudarabah Sponsor as mudarib Income paid to sukuk investors Repurchase obligation

5 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 22 November 2006 Slide 5 Sukuk illustration $50,000 share capital XYZ Sukuk Ltd $500m Investors Charity Shareholders XYZ Trading Company Mudarabah Agreement Trust Sukuk Certificates Periodic Payments limited to 6% Purchased Assets used in XYZ Trading Company’s business $500m to buy assets Mudarib 1% Rab al-maal 99% PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP Slide 5 22 November 2006

6 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 22 November 2006 Slide 6 Is there a finance cost? Mudarabah looks like a partnership Partnership profit shares non-deductible

7 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 22 November 2006 Slide 7 Disallowance of finance costs Anti-avoidance rules to stop equity finance being disguised as debt -ICTA 1988 s.209(2)(e)(iii) “securities under which... the consideration given… is … dependent on the results of the company’s business” -interest treated as distribution (not tax deductible) PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

8 22 November 2006 Slide 8 Transaction taxes Sponsor sells assets to new company New company sells assets to sponsor on expiry Possible transaction taxes on each sale

9 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP 22 November 2006 Slide 9 UK legislative adaptation : FA 2005 & 2006 Language religion free Key concepts -Profit share return -“Equate(s), in substance, to the return on an investment of money at interest” -Financial Institution PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

10 22 November 2006 Slide 10 Financial Institution (FI) One of the parties must be a financial institution Bank (ICTA 1988 s.840A) Building Society (BSA 1986) Person licensed under Part 3, Consumer Credit Act 1974, to carry on consumer credit business or consumer hire business Person authorised outside UK to receive deposits from public Wholly owned subsidiary of a bank or building society PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

11 22 November 2006 Slide 11 New tax law consequences : overview If within statutory definitions -Customer’s expense treated for tax purposes in the same way that interest is treated -Same for financial institution Tax definitions are precise PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

12 22 November 2006 Slide 12 Mudarabah InvestorMudarib Agreed share of profits Investor bears losses Cash investment Commercial Venture Profits Manages PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

13 22 November 2006 Slide 13 Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) relief Eliminates multiple SDLT charges No SDLT charge on sale with repurchase Vendor FI Later sale of property Sale of property Person Rent PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

14 22 November 2006 Slide 14 Legislating for sukuk Precedent for special rules: securitisation companies (FA 2005) Simple sukuk equivalent to vanilla eurobonds Impact of conversion rights? Impact of participation in project upside?

15 Questions? This publication has been prepared for general guidance on matters of interest only, and does not constitute professional advice. You should not act upon the information contained in this publication without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this publication, and, to the extent permitted by law, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, its members, employees and agents accept no liability, and disclaim all responsibility, for the consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this publication or for any decision based on it. © 2006 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. All rights reserved. 'PricewaterhouseCoopers' refers to PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (a limited liability partnership in the United Kingdom) or, as the context requires, other member firms of PricewaterhouseCoopers International Limited, each of which is a separate and independent legal entity.


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