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René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Las Salle North American Explorer.

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Presentation on theme: "René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Las Salle North American Explorer."— Presentation transcript:

1 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de Las Salle North American Explorer

2 Who Was La Salle?  René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was born in 1643 and died in 1687. He was a French explorer.  La Salle was sent by King Louis XIV (14 th ) to travel south from Canada and sail down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico.  He was the 1 st European to travel the length of the Mississippi River in 1682.

3 La Salle’s Mission  His mission was to explore and establish fur- trade routes along the river.  Las Salle named the entire Mississippi River basin Louisiana, in honor of the King, and claimed it for France on April 9, 1682.  He explored the Great Lakes area.  He also tried to start a settlement in the southern Mississippi River Valley but was unsuccessful.

4 La Salle’s Route  This map shows several trips that La Salle and his men made.  They explored the Great Lakes area as well as the entire Mississippi River.

5 Exploring North America  La Salle had become a fur trader in Canada trading with the Indians. The Indians told him about 2 great rivers which they thought went to the ocean.  La Salle wanted to explore these rivers to find the Northwest Passage from North America to Europe across the Pacific Ocean.

6  La Salle made many trips from Canada across the Great Lakes area between 1672 – 1673.  He then requested permission to explore the area between Florida, Mexico and Canada.  He returned to Canada and built a ship called the Griffon which he and his friend used to explore the Great Lakes.

7  In 1681, he took 40 men and headed to the Mississippi River. They followed it in canoes.  They reached the Gulf of Mexico in 1682. They claimed all the land along the Mississippi River for France.  Their return home was made difficult by illness and Indian attacks.

8 A Second Effort to Settle  La Salle returned to France in 1683 but returned to the New World again in 1684 with four ships.  He intended to start a colony in the Mississippi River Valley.  The expedition lost a vital ship along the way and the rest of the group landed near what is now Houston, Texas.

9  La Salle and his men had to fight off Indians who tried to take their supplies.  Another of their ships returned to France when it’s crew became frustrated with their difficulties.  They built a fort and explored the area with their 20 remaining men. They were trying to locate the Mississippi River.

10  Most of the men in this expedition died, only 8 survived. They returned to the French fort in Canada in 1686.  La Salle made one last attempt with 17 men. A few months into the journey, a small part of their group turned against La Salle.  This small group shot and killed La Salle on March 19 th, 1687.

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