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What is Chronology ? Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the past Keywords – chronology, orient/orientation – what we do to help us work.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Chronology ? Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the past Keywords – chronology, orient/orientation – what we do to help us work."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Chronology ? Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the past Keywords – chronology, orient/orientation – what we do to help us work out where we are

2 What will I learn about in History this year? Chronology Chronology What is History? What is History? Norman Conquest Norman Conquest Castles Castles Life in Norman Britain Life in Norman Britain Importance of the Church Importance of the Church Black Death Black Death Crusades Crusades

3 When is your birthday? What year were you born? Write down the date, month and year.

4 Now line up in chronological order of birth......birth Those born earliest (the oldest) on the far left and latest (youngest) on the far right....

5 Chronology … You have learnt how we use maps to help us orient ourselves in geographic space. You have learnt how we use maps to help us orient ourselves in geographic space. Chronology helps us orient ourselves in time. Chronology helps us orient ourselves in time. Historians tend to divide history into periods – easily measurable chunks of time – this can make describing the past easier, e.g. Historians tend to divide history into periods – easily measurable chunks of time – this can make describing the past easier, e.g. Decades Decades Centuries Centuries Millenium (plural = millenia) Millenium (plural = millenia) Epoch or Era, e.g BC/AD Epoch or Era, e.g BC/AD

6 What is a ‘decade’ ? This is a period of 10 years, e.g. This is a period of 10 years, e.g. 1990s – period from s – period from s – period from s – period from s – period from s – period from

7 What is a century ? A century is a period of 100 years, e.g. A century is a period of 100 years, e.g. 20 th century AD = AD 20 th century AD = AD 15 th century AD = AD 15 th century AD = AD 10 th century AD = AD 10 th century AD = AD 5 th century AD = AD 5 th century AD = AD 1 st century AD = AD 1 st century AD = AD 1 st century BC = 99BC st century BC = 99BC th century BC = 499BC-400BC 5 th century BC = 499BC-400BC 10 th century BC = 999BC-900BC 10 th century BC = 999BC-900BC

8 What is a ‘millenium’ ? Historians normally use this phrase to explain a period of 1000 years, e.g. Historians normally use this phrase to explain a period of 1000 years, e.g. 1000AD-1999AD = the 2 nd millenium after Jesus’ birth 1000AD-1999AD = the 2 nd millenium after Jesus’ birth 1000BC-1BC = the 1 st millenium before Jesus’ birth 1000BC-1BC = the 1 st millenium before Jesus’ birth

9 What is an epoch or era ? Historians have tended to measure long periods of history, over a 1000 years in terms of epochs or eras, e.g. Historians have tended to measure long periods of history, over a 1000 years in terms of epochs or eras, e.g. AD – Anno Domini = literally, ‘in the year of our Lord’ – refers to the periods after Jesus’ birth AD – Anno Domini = literally, ‘in the year of our Lord’ – refers to the periods after Jesus’ birth BC = Before the birth of Jesus BC = Before the birth of Jesus The birth of Jesus is supposed to have taken place in the year 000 – not that such a year actually existed, but Historians have conveniently chosen a starting point from which to begin measuring time The birth of Jesus is supposed to have taken place in the year 000 – not that such a year actually existed, but Historians have conveniently chosen a starting point from which to begin measuring time

10 BC & AD or BCE & CE ? As we have already seen, historians often refer to BC or AD – this dates back to a periods when people were more religious than they are today As we have already seen, historians often refer to BC or AD – this dates back to a periods when people were more religious than they are today In more recent times, some have referred to In more recent times, some have referred to BCE = before the common era BCE = before the common era CE = the common era CE = the common era

11 What is Chronology ? Historians like to place measured time in the order that events happened – this is called placing things in chronological order = from the earliest date to the most recent Historians like to place measured time in the order that events happened – this is called placing things in chronological order = from the earliest date to the most recent Move onto the next slide for an exercise in chronology … Move onto the next slide for an exercise in chronology …

12 Exercise Place the following ten dates in chronological order, beginning with the earliest and ending with the most recent – set out your order on a straight line, or time line Place the following ten dates in chronological order, beginning with the earliest and ending with the most recent – set out your order on a straight line, or time line 1023BC, 2000AD, 1945AD, 54BC, 750BC, 1381AD, 1066AD, 45AD, 1BC, 1AD, 1023BC, 2000AD, 1945AD, 54BC, 750BC, 1381AD, 1066AD, 45AD, 1BC, 1AD,

13 What date comes first? 999BC 999BC 998AD 998AD

14 Now time for your own chronological history! Draw a horizontal line starting with the date you were born on the left, and today’s date on the right. Draw a horizontal line starting with the date you were born on the left, and today’s date on the right. Put down the events which are most significant (have the most meaning to you). Use pictures and symbols too illustrate your timeline. Put down the events which are most significant (have the most meaning to you). Use pictures and symbols too illustrate your timeline. Your teacher will demonstrate on the board. Your teacher will demonstrate on the board.


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