Presentation on theme: "Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the past"— Presentation transcript:
1Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the past What is Chronology ?Aim – to learn how we use time to help make sense of the pastKeywords – chronology, orient/orientation – what we do to help us work out where we are
2What will I learn about in History this year? ChronologyWhat is History?Norman ConquestCastlesLife in Norman BritainImportance of the ChurchBlack DeathCrusades
3When is your birthday. What year were you born When is your birthday? What year were you born? Write down the date, month and year.
4Now line up in chronological order of birth...... Those born earliest (the oldest)on the far left and latest (youngest)on the far right....Click link for Stevie Wonder birthday song for mingling task
5Chronology …You have learnt how we use maps to help us orient ourselves in geographic space.Chronology helps us orient ourselves in time.Historians tend to divide history into periods – easily measurable chunks of time – this can make describing the past easier, e.g.DecadesCenturiesMillenium (plural = millenia)Epoch or Era, e.g BC/AD
6What is a ‘decade’ ? This is a period of 10 years, e.g. 1990s – period from1870s – period from1510s – period from
7What is a century ? A century is a period of 100 years, e.g. 20th century AD = AD15th century AD = AD10th century AD = AD5th century AD = AD1st century AD = AD1st century BC = 99BC-0005th century BC = 499BC-400BC10th century BC = 999BC-900BC
8What is a ‘millenium’ ?Historians normally use this phrase to explain a period of 1000 years, e.g.1000AD-1999AD = the 2nd millenium after Jesus’ birth1000BC-1BC = the 1st millenium before Jesus’ birth
9What is an epoch or era ?Historians have tended to measure long periods of history, over a 1000 years in terms of epochs or eras, e.g.AD – Anno Domini = literally, ‘in the year of our Lord’ – refers to the periods after Jesus’ birthBC = Before the birth of JesusThe birth of Jesus is supposed to have taken place in the year 000 – not that such a year actually existed, but Historians have conveniently chosen a starting point from which to begin measuring time
10BC & AD or BCE & CE ?As we have already seen, historians often refer to BC or AD – this dates back to a periods when people were more religious than they are todayIn more recent times, some have referred toBCE = before the common eraCE = the common era
11What is Chronology ?Historians like to place measured time in the order that events happened – this is called placing things in chronological order = from the earliest date to the most recentMove onto the next slide for an exercise in chronology …
12ExercisePlace the following ten dates in chronological order, beginning with the earliest and ending with the most recent – set out your order on a straight line, or time line1023BC, 2000AD, 1945AD, 54BC, 750BC, 1381AD, 1066AD, 45AD, 1BC, 1AD,
14Now time for your own chronological history! Draw a horizontal line starting with the date you were born on the left, and today’s date on the right.Put down the events which are most significant (have the most meaning to you). Use pictures and symbols too illustrate your timeline.Your teacher will demonstrate on the board.