Presentation on theme: "Phases, Eclipses and Tides. Rotation and Revolution It takes the same amount of time for the moon to rotate on its axis as it does to revolve around the."— Presentation transcript:
Phases, Eclipses and Tides
Rotation and Revolution It takes the same amount of time for the moon to rotate on its axis as it does to revolve around the Earth (27.3 days) This is why the Earth only sees one side of the moon – in order to see the other side you need to get on a space ship and go around the moon
Moon Phases Lit by sun Half of moon always lit Phases due to different amounts of the lit portion of the moon visible on Earth
Moon Phases The moon rises and sets just like the sun – the position of the moon and time of the moon rise/set changes throughout the month New moon rises with the sun Full moon rises as sun sets
Eclipses Solar eclipse – (new) moon blocks sunlight – Earth is in moons shadow –Order: sun, moon, earth Lunar eclipse – Earth blocks sunlight from hitting (full) moon – moon is in Earths shadow –Order: sun, earth, moon
Shadows Umbra: darkest part of shadow: this shadow causes total eclipses Penumbra: Outer, less dark shadow Lunar Eclipse Solar Eclipse There are also partial eclipses: Partial Lunar when part of moon is in umbra (there are also penumbral eclipses) Partial Solar: seen by anyone in the penumbra Anyone here would see a total eclipse Moon
Eclipses Generally 2 solar and 2 lunar eclipses a year – not always total. Area on Earth to see total solar eclipse is very, very small - why seeing one is so rare (rest of Earth able to see anything sees a partial eclipse)
Solar Eclipse Last total eclipse = Nov. 13, 2012 in Southern Hemisphere starting in Northern Australia Next total eclipse = Mar. 20, 2015 in Northern Hemisphere visible in Iceland, Europe, North Africa, and North Asia
List of Eclipses
Pictures of Annular Eclipses Occurs when the moon is at a point where it is not big enough to block all of the sunlight: a ring of sunlight is visible
Last annular – April 25, The path of the Moon's antumbral shadow began in western Australia, eastern Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and crossed the South Pacific Ocean FYI – no true umbra since moon doesnt completely block the sun. Antumbra extends just beyond the umbra and is similar to penumbra
Next annular – April 29, The path of the Moon's antumbral shadow will cross Antarctica
Total Solar Eclipse – you see the Suns Corona
Pinhole effect This is the "pinhole effect" that happens under a tree during a solar eclipse. See all of the little crescent suns?
Moons Shadow on Earth
Lunar Eclipse Last total lunar eclipse was on December 10, Entire event was visible in Asia & Australia. North America could see as moon set in western sky..
Lunar Eclipse Eclipsed moon looks red because some sunlight bends as it passes through Earths atmosphere before hitting the moon
The entire event is visible from both North and South America. Observers in the western Pacific miss the first half of the eclipse because it occurs before moonrise. Likewise most of Europe and Africa experience moonset just as the eclipse begins. None of the eclipse is visible from north/east Europe, eastern Africa, the Middle East or Central Asia.
AND NOW SOME PHOTOS!
pse.html Go to the website to learn about past and future eclipses
Tides Tides occur because the moons gravity does not pull with the same force on all parts of the Earth
High Tides Location A: Moons gravitational force on the water is greater than its force on the Earth as a whole Water here is pulled more towards the moon than the Earth = high tide A B C D
High Tides Location C: The moons gravitational force on the Earth as a whole is stronger than its force on the water The Earth is pulled more towards the moon and the water is left behind = high tide A B C D
Low Tides Locations B and D: Water flows away from these locations towards points A and C = low tide C B D A
Tides High Tide Low Tide Every location on Earth has 2 high tides and 2 low tides every 25 hours
Spring and Neap The Suns gravity also pulls on Earths waters Sometimes the suns and moons gravity work together (spring tide) and sometimes they pull on the water in different (perpendicular) directions (neap tide) Spring and Neap tides happen twice a month
Spring Tide during full and new moons highest high tides and lowest low tides
Neap Tide Neap tide: during first and last quarter moons lowest high tides and highest low tides