Presentation on theme: "REMEMBERING 2O10: PART 4 SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER SEVERE WINDSTORMS (CONTINUED), EARTHQUAKES (CONTINUED), LANDSLIDES (CONTINUED), WILDFIRES (CONTINUED), VOLCANIC."— Presentation transcript:
REMEMBERING 2O10: PART 4 SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER SEVERE WINDSTORMS (CONTINUED), EARTHQUAKES (CONTINUED), LANDSLIDES (CONTINUED), WILDFIRES (CONTINUED), VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS, (CONTINUED)… Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA
IMPACTED NATIONS USA (North Carolina, Texas, Florida to Maine, Atlantic Canada, Illinois, Wisconsin), Mexico, Honduras, New Zealand, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Saint Lucia, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica, Pakistan, Indonesia, …
SOCIETAL IMPACTS DURING named storms in the Atlantic Basin leave 2010 tied with 1995 as second worst season. Rain- triggered landslides kill 100’s in Guatemala and Mexico.
SOCIETAL IMPACTS DURING 2010 M7.0 earthquake strikes Christchurch, New Zealand, with $1.5 billion in estimated damage, but no deaths Oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico finally under control, but massive and expensive cleanup just starting. Complex recovery from flooding in Pakistan begins.
SOCIETAL IMPACTS DURING 2010 Over 500 dead after M7.7 earthquake and a 10-m tsunami wave run up strike Java, Indonesia. Nearly 400 dead after Mount Merapi erupts for one month, starting one day after M7.7 earthquake and 10- m tsunami wave run up strike Java, Indonesia.
On September 1 st, the National Hurricane Center also announced the formation of Tropical Storm Gaston, setting the stage for 3 simultaneous active storms.
TROPICAL STORM GASTON JOINS EARL AND FIONA: SEPT 1
SEPTEMBER 1 On Wednesday morning, September 1, Hurricane Earl had diminished to a very large CAT 3 storm with winds of 125 mph and wind bands extending outward 200 miles from the eye..
HURRICANE EARL’S FORECAST: SEPT 1
The forecast for Earl identified the Cape Hatteras, NC, area as at highest risk on Friday morning, September 3 rd, and the Massachusetts' Cape Cod and the Maine shoreline on Friday night and Saturday morning.
Cape Hatteras and other parts of NC’s barrier islands did experience huge waves, beach erosion, up to 6 inches of rain, and property damage, but no landfall.
5,000 EVACUATED NORTH CAROLINA’S OUTER BANKS: SEPT 1
EARL’S SIGNATURE: NAGS HEAD, NC
The situation for Cape Cod, Nantucket, Long Island, and Rhode Island was worse than for Cape Hatteras, North Carolina because the storm’s rain- and wind- bands were spread out over a much wider area as Earl moved north into New England and Atlantic Canada..
SEPTEMBER 3 Earl weakened as it raced towards New England and ended in Atlantic Canada Fiona and Gaston had little impact and died.
TROPICAL STORM HERMINE FORMS IN GULF: SEPT 6
TROPICAL STORM IGOR: SEPT 8, 2010
HURRICANES IGOR AND JULIA AND TS KARL: SEPT 15, 2010
BERMUDA EXPERIENCED IGOR’S GUSTY WINDS AND HEAVY RAIN: SEPT 19-20
HURRICANE IGOR (LEFT) & HURICANE JULIA (RIGHT): SEPT 13, 2010
TROPICAL STORM KARL: SEPT 14-17, 2010
Tropical storm Karl became a Cat 1 hurricane on September 16th.
Karl dumped 8 inches (21.5 cm) of rain in Veracruz within 90 minutes, 31.4 cm in the nearby mountains, causing landslides, and 25.4 cm across the central and southern Gulf coast region before drenching Mexico City.
FLOODING FROM KARL: NORTH OF VERACRUZ; SEPT 18
State-owned Petroleos Mexicanos closed 14 production wells in the northern part of Veracruz state and evacuated workers from some oil platforms in the Gulf.
TROPICAL STORM MATTHEW: SEPT 24, 2010
After landfall in Belize, Matthew’s rains and winds hit Honduras and Nicaragua on Friday (24 th ), forcing hundreds of residents and tourists to evacuate and threatening coffee and sugar crops.
FAST MOVING NICOLE FORMED NEAR CUBA: SEPT 29
Nicole, a rainmaker, soaked Cuba and Jamaica on Wednesday (29 th ), then its remnants became part of a low-pressure system that soaked the USA from Florida to Maine.
OTTO’S PATH AFTER BECOMING A HURRICANE IN 2 DAYS: OCT 8
TROPICAL STORM PAULA FORMS NEAR HONDURAS: OCT 11
HURRICANE PAULA SOAKS CANCUN: OCT 13
DEPRESSION 19 BECOMES TROPICAL STORM RICHARD: OCT 21
AS A TROPICAL STORM AND HURRICANE; SHARY WAS NO PROBLEM: OCT 27
TOMAS BECAME A HURRICANE IN ONE DAY: OCTOBER 30
In the eastern Caribbean, Tomas left at least 14 dead, many homeless, and island nations suffering from millions of dollars in damages to banana crops, housing, and infrastructure from wind, flooding, and landslides
Tomas, as a CAT 2 storm, was the “the worst in St. Lucian history,” causing the loss of its entire banana crop, which along with tourism, is extremely important to Saint Luccia’s economy..
TOMAS: IMPACTS SAINT LUCCIA
Hurricane Tomas, which intensified overnight on Thursday (Nov. 4) to CAT 1, is bearing down on Haiti, a country with a triple disaster: 1) the January 12, 2010 earthquake, 2) cholera affecting at least 6,700 people, and 3) more than 1 million people still living in tents..
A TREELESS, LANDSLIDE-PRONE HAITI FACING TOMAS, A RAINMAKER
HAITIANS: AWAITING EVACUATION ON NOV 4 th
HAITIAN’S POOREST OF THE POOR WITH NO PLACE TO GO
Tomas, a CAT I storm and rainmaker, came ashore at Haiti's far southwestern edge on Nov. 5 th, slamming the coastline with 135 kph (85-mph) winds and deluging the area with heavy rain..
Old and new disasters were mingled in Leogane, where milky-brown floodwaters filled quake-cracked streets and patched-up homes and cut off a camp that had been home to hundreds of refugees..
FLOODING IN CITI SOLELI, HAITI: NOV 5
NOV 13: REGION OF INTEREST IN SO. CARIBBEAN MAY BECOME TS VIRGINIE
NOVEMBER 20 th If tropical storm Virginie, the 20 th storm of 2010 forms as expected in the next 2 days, 2010, currently tied with 1995 as the 2 nd busiest hurricane season, will take over 2 nd place.
TORNADOES Rare Late November Tornadoes strike in Illinois and Wisconsin
THANKSGIVING WEEK TORNADOES IN ILLINOIS: NOV 23, 2010
As many as seven tornadoes were reported in Illinois and Wisconsin, damaging homes and businesses and causing injuries
LANDSLIDES GUATEMALA SANTA MARIA TLAHUIPOTEPEC, MEXICO
MASSIVE LANDSLIDES AFTER A PERIOD OF INTENSIVE RAINFALL BURY A BUS and OVER 100 RESCUE WORKERS IN GUATEMALA A National Tragedy 80 km from Tecpan, the Capital September 4-5, 2010
Several landslides had occurred along the Nation’s highways during the last year, and authorities knew of the danger, but did nothing; NOW, at least 58 are dead.
Massive landslides were triggered in Guatemala following constant rain from Tropical Depression 11 E in that left the hillsides in the region saturated with water.
More than 30 separate landslides cut the Inter- American Highway, one of Guatemala's main roads, within a single 30-mile (50- km) stretch.
A LANDSLIDE ON THE INTER- AMERICAN HIGHWAY
LANDSLIDE NEAR NAHUALA
TRAGEDY STRUCK: Approximately 100 people were attempting to dig a bus out of a mudslide on Saturday, September 4th when a second landslide engulfed them on Sunday.