Presentation on theme: "LC Training for RDA: Resource Description & Access Relationships in RDA -- in bibliographic records and in authority records Cooperative and Instructional."— Presentation transcript:
LC Training for RDA: Resource Description & Access Relationships in RDA -- in bibliographic records and in authority records Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division Library of Congress Sept. 2012
2 Learning Objectives for Module 4 -- Relationships in RDA Understand the basics of relationships in RDA Determine the relationships that we will code here at UCSD Express relationships correctly in bibliographic records
Outline for today 1. Introduction: Basics of relationships in RDA 2. Relationships between People and Resources 3. Relationships within Resources: works, expressions, manifestations, items 4. Relationships within People: persons, families and corporate bodies 3
4 Basics of relationships 1. What are relationships? 2. Why relationships? Expressing Relationships: Helps users find what they want!
5 Basics of relationships Entity – relationship – Entity “Name” is the creator of “Work” “Adolfo Tarango” is the creator of “Developing and Managing Electronic Journal Collections” “Work” is a commentary on “Work” “There is nothing like a Dane!” is a commentary on “Hamlet” “Corporate Name A” is the earlier name of “Corporate Name B” “Center for Music Experiment” is the earlier name of “Center for Computing and the Arts”
RDA Relationship Designator The term relationship designator refers to a designator that indicates the nature of the relationship between a resource and a person, family, or corporate body associated with that resource represented by an authorized access point and/or identifier. 6
7 Entities being related Relationships between: 1. Resources and associated persons, families, and corporate bodies [Shi Deng is the author of Glossary of Library and Information Science, English-Chinese, Chinese-English] 2. Resources (works, expressions, manifestations, items) [The Daily Guardian is the earlier name of the UCSD Guardian] 3. Persons, families, corporate bodies [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson also published under the identity Lewis Carroll]
RDA 18.2 Functional Objectives and Principles The data recorded to reflect relationships … should enable the user to find all resources associated with a particular person, family, or corporate body. … the data should reflect all significant relationships between a resource and persons, families, and corporate bodies associated with that resource. 8
9 Relationships in RDA Chapters 18-22, Appendix I Resource and associated persons, families, corporate bodies Chapters 24-28, Appendix J Between resources (works, expressions, manifestations, items) Chapters 29-32, Appendix K Between persons, families, corporate bodies
10 [Screen image from the RDA Toolkit ( ) used by permission of the Co-Publishers for RDA (American Library Association, Canadian LibraryAssociation, and CILIP: Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals)]
11 Relationship designators RDA appendices I, J, and K Not closed lists If needed term is missing: Identify the needed term and use it in your bib record Notify your Unit Head Unit Head will follow PCC process to have term fast-tracked through the formal JSC process to be added to the appendix and the vocabulary
12 Methods to express relationships 1. Authorized access point 110 2# $a Society of Linguists, $e author 2. Structured description $i Also issued as: $t Health statistics 3. Unstructured description 500 ## $a Translation of the author’s novel Digital fortress
13 Designation of relationships in MARC bibliographic records $e of and $j of 111 and 711 $i of $i of 76X-78X linking entry fields MARC 21 coding (e.g., “continues”; “continued by”) MARC fields
14 Citing another resource: Authorized access points In MARC fields: Give the form represented by NAR* If there is no NAR, create one (NACO catalogers) * Exception: Do not use AACR2 NAR with “Polyglot” or more than one language in subfield $l for multiple expressions.
15 Citing another resource: Linking entry fields In MARC fields: Copy and paste what is in the existing record for that resource and adjust the subfield coding as appropriate
16 Designation of relationships in MARC authority records In authority records, relationships are shown in: 500 $w and $w Optional relationships can be added in 5XX $w r $i (more on this later)
17 Summary You have been recording relationships in AACR2 There are some new concepts about relating entities in RDA Relationships are recorded as authorized access points, notes, and linking fields UCSD follows PCC practices
18 Persons/families/bodies and resources Creators and others associated with works (ch. 19) Contributors associated with expressions (ch. 20) Manufacturers, publishers, distributors associated with manifestations (ch. 21) Owners, annotator, autographer, etc. associated with items (ch. 22)
19 Creator relationships Persons/families/bodies related to works author compiler filmmaker interviewer programmer and others … (RDA Appendix I)
20 Creator relationships (con’t) LC catalogers will (according to LC- PCC PS 19.2): Give first creator with principal responsibility (1xx field) If multiple creators associated with the work are present, apply cataloger judgment to give more than the first (7xx fields) UCSD catalogers will follow the same practice Also include specific $e with term from Appendix I in both 1xx and 7xx
21 Creator relationships in bibliographic records Give as authorized access point in MARC 1XX field (and 7XX field if more than one creator or if “other” associated with work) in bibliographic record Relationship designators from RDA appendix I.2 in subfield $e of 1XX and 7XX field Not a closed list Do not include $e in name authority record
22 Example Creator work relationship 110 $a Society of Linguists, $e author. 710 $a Linguists International, $e author. 100 $a Glass, Philip, $e composer. 110 $a Virginia, $e enacting jurisdiction.
23 Example Others associated with work Others associated with works (19.3): 710 $a U.S. Geology Society, $e issuing body. 710 $a ABC Institute, $e sponsoring body.
24 Contributor relationships Persons/families/bodies related to expressions Translators Editors of compilations Performers Illustrators Arrangers of music Compilers
25 Contributor relationships (cont.) LC catalogers: Give the first illustrator of resources intended for children as an authorized access point in a MARC 7XX field in bibliographic record, and add the relationship designator $e illustrator UCSD catalogers: Follow broader PCC practice, which strongly encourages coding the $e relationship designator for all contributors
26 Example 1: Contributor relationships 100 1# $a Wood, Audrey, $e author $a The napping house / $c Audrey Wood ; illustrated by Don Wood # $a Wood, Don, $e illustrator.
27 Example 2: Contributor relationships 100 1# $a Lindgren, Astrid, $d , $e author $a Pippi Långstrump. $l English $a Pippi Longstocking / $c Astrid Lindgren ; translated by Tiina Nunnally # $a Nunnally, Tiina, $d $e translator.
28 Example 3: Contributor relationships 245 $a Favorite American music / $c performed by the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra with Marin Alsop conducting $a $a Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, $e performer. 700 $a Alsop, Marin, $e conductor.* * Could have used the more general “$e performer” for Alsop.
Relationship Designators for Bibliographic Records -- Quiz RDA Bibliographic Record: 100 1# $a Mishima, Yukio, $d , $e author $a Shiosai. $l English $a The Sound of waves / $c Yukio Mishima; translated by Meredith Weatherby # $a Weatherby, Meredith, $e translator. Authority records: 100 1# $a Mishima, Yukio, $d $t Shiosai. $l English 100 1# $a Weatherby, Meredith 29
Open Metadata Registry metadataregistry.org 30
32 Relationships to manifestations Persons/families/bodies related to manifestations (RDA 21.0, Appendix I.4) Producers Publishers (e.g., broadcasters) Manufacturers (e.g., engravers, printers) Distributors (e.g., film distributor)
33 Relationships designators for persons/families/bodies associated with manifestations Few terms are listed in Appendix I.4 The terms: “producer,” “publisher,” “manufacturer,” “distributor” are separate elements (264 field) and thus are not given in subfield $e of 7XX field
34 Examples: Relationships to manifestations 264 #1 $a Bethesda : $b NIH, $c # $a National Institutes of Health (U.S.), $e broadcaster. 264 #1 $a St. Paul : $b West Publishing Company, $c # $a West Publishing Company.* * “Publisher” isn’t used as an RDA relationship designator because that relationship is an element (264 field).
35 Relationships to items Persons/families/bodies related to items (RDA 22.0, Appendix I.5) Owners Custodians Curators LC: cataloger judgment UCSD: Mostly for gifts and special collections. For now, continue to code as 790 field and use RDA relationship designator in $e
36 Examples: Relationships to items LC: 500 $a University Library's copy has ms. notes by author on endpapers. $5 IaH 700 $a Smiley, Jane, $e annotator UCSD: 590 $a UCSD copy has ms. notes by author on endpapers. 790 $a Smiley, Jane $e annotator
Examples: Relationships to items LC: 541 $c Gift; $a John Jefferson; $d $5 DLC 700 $a Jefferson, John, $e donor. UCSD: 790 $a Jefferson, John $e donor 37
38 Summary Work: o Code authorized access points for creators and include $e with term from Appendix I Expression: o Code authorized access points for contributors and include $e with term from Appendix I Manifestation: Unlikely to be needed; cataloger judgment Item: For local gifts and special collections
39 Relationships between resources Relationships between works, expressions, manifestations, and items Relationships in bibliographic and/or authority records: Related works (ch. 25) Related expressions (ch. 26) Related manifestations (ch. 27) Related items (ch. 28)
40 Related works RDA 25.1 Common work relationships: Whole-part, e.g., Works in a compilation Chapters in a book Adaptations Supplements Sequential relationships (e.g., earlier and later serials)
41 Related works LC catalogers are only required to code (LCPS 25.1): Whole-part relationships for works in a compilation Sequential serial relationships PCC catalogers generally follow LC practice UCSD catalogers may use cataloger judgment to apply more broadly.
42 Whole-part relationships for compilations LC: Give MARC 505 contents note unless contents indicated in another part of the description (e.g., in MARC 245 $a because no collective title present) or unless burdensome LC: Give one MARC 7XX analytical authorized access point; cataloger judgment if additional 7XX fields for other works Don’t give analytical authorized access points for some works: anthologies of poetry, conference proceedings, hymnals, journals, interviews, etc. – LCPS 25.1
43 Example: Whole-part work Authorized access points for the works: 100 1# $a Shakespeare, William, $d $a Hamlet ; $b King Lear / $c William Shakespeare. * $a Shakespeare, William, $d $t Hamlet. * $a Shakespeare, William, $d $t King Lear. * 2nd indicator in 700 indicates the relationship “Contains”
44 Example: serial related works Structured descriptions and three identifiers each: $a TCA journal $t Journal of professional counseling, practice, theory, & research $x $w (DLC) $w (OCoLC) $a Journal of professional counseling, practice, theory, & research $t TCA journal $x $w (DLC) $w (OCoLC) indicators 00 = relationship “Continued by” 780 indicators 00 = relationship “Continues”
45 Authority record, work relationship 046 ## $k # $a Chase, Mary, $d $t Harvey 380 ## $a Play 530 #0 $w r $i Adapted as a motion picture (work): $a Harvey (Motion picture) 670 ## $a Harvey, ## $a Wikipedia, Jan. 6, 2011 $b (Harvey; Pulitzer Prize-winning play by Mary Chase; premiered in 1944)
46 Related expressions RDA 26.1 Common expression relationships: Whole-part (e.g., translations in a compilation) Revisions Editions Translations Language editions Abridgements
47 Related expressions Like work relationships, LC limits their requirements for relationships between expressions (LC PS 26.1): Whole-part relationships for expressions in a compilation (same policy as for works) Sequential serial relationships
48 Example 1: Whole-part expression Authorized access points for the expressions: 100 1# $a Petterson, Per, $d $a Two Norwegian novels / $c Per Petterson # $a Out stealing horses -- To Siberia $a Petterson, Per, $d $t Ut og stjæle hester. $l English $a Petterson, Per, $d $t Til Sibir. $l English $a Out stealing horses $a To Siberia.
49 Example 2: serial related expression Structured description for other language edition: 130 0# $a Revista de política y derecho ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe. $l English $a Journal of environmental policy and law in Latin America and the Caribbean $i Issued also in Spanish under title: $t Revista de política y derecho ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe.
50 Example 3: Related expression - translation Authorized access point: 100 1# $a Brown, Dan, $d $a Digital fortress. $l French $a Forteresse digitale # $i Translation of: $a Brown, Dan, $d $t Digital fortress.
Example 4: Related expression - translation Structured description in 500 field: 100 1# $a Brown, Dan, $d $a Digital fortress. $l French $a Forteresse digitale. 500 ## $a Translation of: Digital fortress / Dan Brown. -- 1st ed. -- New York : St. Martin’s Press, pages ; 22 cm.
52 Example 5: Related expression - translation Structured description in 765 field: 100 1# $a Brown, Dan, $d $a Digital fortress. $l French $a Forteresse digitale. *765 0# $a Brown, Dan, $t Digital fortress $b 1st ed. $d New York : St. Martin’s Press, 1998 $h 371 pages ; 22 cm $w (DLC) * 2nd indicator “blank” = “Translation of”
53 Example 6: Related expression - translation Unstructured description in 500 field: 100 1# $a Brown, Dan, $d $a Digital fortress. $l French $a Forteresse digitale. 500 ## $a Translation of the author’s novel Digital fortress.
54 Related manifestations Common manifestation relationships: Reproductions Different formats for same expression (e.g., print vs. CD; print vs. PDF, print vs. online) Special issues Required for reproductions; see LC- PCC PS 27.1
55 Recording related manifestations Structured or unstructured description: Linking entry fields: 775 or 776 5XX Not by an authorized access point LC: cataloger judgment to use relationship designators in RDA appendix J.4 in subfield $i if MARC content designation does not give relationship
56 Example: Related manifestations $a Health statistics for elementary -school children. 264 #1 $a Baltimore : $b Johns Hopkins University, $c ## $a volumes ; $c 27 cm $i Also issued as: $t Health statistics for elementary-school children $d Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University, $h CD-ROMs : 4 3/4 in.
57 Reproductions: LC core LC: Generally, give information about the original in a linking field: MARC 775 field if same carrier 776 field if different carrier Use information as is from the record for the original If detailed information is not available, give a bibliographic history note in a MARC 500 field
58 Reproductions: LC core (con’t) If a reproduction is a compilation, generally do not give MARC 775 or 776 linking fields for each work/expression in the compilation, and do not give bibliographic history notes for each work/expression in the compilation
59 Example: Reproduction 100 1# $a Ringwalt, J. Luther $q (John Luther) $a Anecdotes of General Ulysses S. Grant. 264 #1 $a Washington, D.C. : $b Library of Congress Preservation Microfilming Program, $c ## $a 1 microfilm reel (118 pages) ; $c 35 mm $i Reproduction of (manifestation): $a Ringwalt, J. Luther (John Luther) $t Anecdotes of General Ulysses S. Grant $d Philadelphia : J.B. Lippincott Company, 1886 $h 118 p. ; 18 cm. $n Call number of original: E672.R58 $w (DLC) Structured description including an identifier:
60 Related items RDA 28.1 Common item relationships Reproduction of a specific copy “Bound with” Item added to copy of manifestation in a special collection Relationships that apply only to a single copy of the manifestation -- so, usually local information
61 Related item LC catalogers are required to code related item relationships for: Reproductions Special relationships for rare materials as warranted “Bound withs”
62 Recording Related items RDA 28.1 Structured or unstructured description: Linking entry fields: 7XX 5XX Not by an authorized access point Cataloger judgment to use relationship designators in RDA appendix J.5 in subfield $i if MARC content designation does not give relationship
63 Examples: Related items 501 $i Bound with: $a ___________. $5 DLC 775 $i Reprint of (item): $t Hiking in Unicoi State Park $d Helen, GA : RST Publishers, 1955 $h 22 p. : ill. ; 19 cm.
64 Summary Related resources LC core: o Works and Expressions: Whole part compilations Serial sequential relationships Manifestations: Reproductions Items: “Bound withs” Reproductions
65 Entities in relationships: Group 2 Relationships in authority records: Related persons (ch. 30) Related families (ch. 31) Related corporate bodies (ch. 32) Relationships between persons, families, and corporate bodies
66 LC catalogers focus on: Different identities for persons Immediately preceding/succeeding corporate bodies Relationships between persons, families, and corporate bodies
67 LC policy for different identities 2 identities: use a 500 field in each NAR 3 or more identities: use a 663 field with $w nnnc in 500 fields (see DCM Z1 yellow page)
68 Example: 2 identities 100 1# $a King, Stephen 500 1# $a Bachman, Richard 100 1# $a Bachman, Richard 500 1# $a King, Stephen
69 Examples: 3+ different identities 100 1# $a Twain, Mark, $d # $w nnnc $a Clemens, Samuel, $d # $w nnnc $a Snodgrass, Quintus Curtius, $d ## $a For works of this author written under other names, search also under $b Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, , $b Snodgrass, Quintus Curtius, # $a Clemens, Samuel, $d # $w nnnc $a Twain, Mark, $d ## $a For a listing of the names used by this author, search also under: $b Twain, Mark, Authorized access point in authority records:
70 Example: related corporate bodies Giving specific relationship in $w: 110 2# $a Library of Congress. $b Policy and Standards Division 510 2# $w a $a Library of Congress. $b Cataloging Policy and Support Office 110 2# $a Library of Congress. $b Cataloging Policy and Support Office 510 2# $w b $a Library of Congress. $b Policy and Standards Division
71 Other relationships LC instructs its catalogers on giving other relationships in name authority records: Cataloger judgment to give relationship designator from RDA appendix K in subfield $i to identify specific relationship Need value “r” in subfield $w if using subfield $i
72 Examples: person related to corporate body or family 100 1# $a Garr, Arnold K # $w r $i Employer: $a Brigham Young University 100 1# $a Carroll, Charles N. $q (Charles Nagus), $d # $w r $i Descendants: $a Carroll (Family : $g Carroll, Charles N. (Charles Negus), )
M M EXAMPLE
74 Summary LC catalogers will code relationships in authority records for: Different identities for persons Immediately preceding/succeeding non-conference corporate bodies
75 Summary Module 4: Relationships “Relate” is the second main goal of RDA (the first is identify) Relationships can be shown within and between FRBR Group 1 (work, expression, manifestation, item) and Group 2 (person, family, corporate body) entities Relationship designators in Appendices I, J, K