Presentation on theme: "Levels of Assurance: An Overview Peter Alterman, Ph.D. Chair, Federal PKI Policy Authority."— Presentation transcript:
Levels of Assurance: An Overview Peter Alterman, Ph.D. Chair, Federal PKI Policy Authority
2 Agenda Definitions Federal PKI LOA and Federal PKI Policies Mapping LOA in a Bridged Environment EAuthentication LOA and a word about technologies Relationship Between FPKI LOA and EAuthentication LOA A footnote on the E-Authentication Partnership LOA
3 Definition Levels of Assurance of identity (LOA): the extent to which an electronic identity credential may be trusted to actually represent that the individual named in the credential is the same person engaging in the electronic transaction with the application, service or relying party. Based upon two categories: trustworthiness of identity proofing process and trustworthiness of credential management function (includes technology and implementation/management).
4 Federal PKI Federal Bridge CA Common Policy Framework CA Citizen and Commerce Class Certificate (C4) CA EAuthentication 1 & 2 CA
5 Federal PKI LOA: FBCA Five LOA 1.Rudimentary 2.Basic 3.Medium 4.Medium Hardware 5.High Seven Policies 1.Rudimentary 2.Basic 3.Medium 4.Medium-cbp 5.Medium Hardware 6.Medium Hardware- cbp 7.High
6 Federal PKI LOA: Common Policy Framework Federal PKI LOA: Common Policy Framework Three LOA 1.Medium 2.Medium Hardware (implied) 3.High (pending) For Federal Agency Use Only After 10/2006, Medium goes away, leaving two LOA in the Common Policy Framework CP Cross-certified with FBCA at Medium, Medium Hardware (in process) and High (pending)
7 FPKI LOA: C4 Citizen and Commerce Class Certificate Does not map to any other LOA scheme in Federal PKI Maps to EAuthentication Level 2 or 1, depending on identity proofing process Temporary – 6 months or Permanent
8 FPKI LOA: EAuthentication 1 and 2 Issues TLS certificates to Credential Service Provider servers issuing EAuthentication Levels 1 and 2 electronic identity credentials Purpose is for mutual authentication of TLS session between agency application or EAuthentication service and Credential Service Provider to validate credentials presented during egov transactions No mapping to FBCA
9 FPKI LOA: Policy Issues Non-government PKIs may operate at High Assurance but FPKI will not cross-certify any non-government PKI higher than Medium Hardware/Medium Hardware-cbp –Requirement imposed to satisfy international trade policy exclusions FPKI considers Medium and Medium-cbp equivalent FPKI considers Medium Hardware and Medium Hardware-cbp equivalent
10 EAuthentication LOA From OMB M Four Levels –Levels 1 and 2 are assertion-based, e.g., userid/password, etc. but may include crypto- based credentials depending on identity proofing and security implementations –Levels 3 and 4 are crypto-based, e.g., PKI, distinguished by identity proofing and security implementations.
11 LOA Mapping: E-Auth to Fed PKI E-Auth Level 1 E-Auth Level 2 E-Auth Level 3 E-Auth Level 4 FPKI Rudimentary; C4 FPKI Medium/HW & Medium/HW-cbp FPKI Basic FPKI Medium & Medium-cbp FPKI High (government only)
12 E-Authentication Partnership LOA Proposed for commercial implementations operating under proposed EAP rules (pending) Mirror US Federal EAuthentication LOA –Level 1 / Minimal Assurance –Level 2 / Moderate Assurance –Level 3 / Substantial Assurance –Level 4 / High Assurance