Bible Study Assumptions The Bible is the Word of God Human authors (see Heb. 1:1) Human language, Human context God inspired (see 2 Tim. 3:16) – Verbal inspiration Preservation of God’s Word God is always Truthful and Trustworthy Taken on faith Based on experience We have the ability to interpret the Bible ourselves Don’t need special people to interpret God is speaking to all of us, not just some (Deut. 29:29) But… There is only one correct interpretation: God’s
Basic Hermeneutics Four Basic Rules for Interpretation In priority order I. Interpret using the Literal meaning In other words, “If the plain sense makes good sense, then seek no other sense.” Take into account the type of writing it is Don’t be too wooden in your literalness II. Keep within the context Don’t take verse or phrase out of context Interpret from broader to narrower
Basic Hermeneutics III. The Bible interprets the Bible Similar to keeping in the context, but even broader First reference Later passages can explain older passages Remember: there are no real contradictions IV. The larger (external) context Historical context The author, the cultural context, etc. Should only be supplemental
Introduction to Gospel of John Author – John the Apostle One of the first two disciples called With Jesus at mount of transfiguration John within his own gospel story Probably youngest disciple Only apostle not martyred Date – around 85 AD
Introduction to Gospel of John Relation to other Gospels All cover the work of Christ Others concentrate on His activities and teaching John concentrates on proving His Deity, and on Salvation through belief in Him, and on His person “Genealogies” Things (and themes) to look for Various proofs of who Jesus really is Jesus’ “I am” and “Verily, verily” statements Jesus’ discourses and personal explanations
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