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Start With A Great Information Security Plan! Tammy L. Clark, CISO, Georgia State University William Monahan, Lead Information Security Administrator,

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Presentation on theme: "Start With A Great Information Security Plan! Tammy L. Clark, CISO, Georgia State University William Monahan, Lead Information Security Administrator,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Start With A Great Information Security Plan! Tammy L. Clark, CISO, Georgia State University William Monahan, Lead Information Security Administrator, Georgia State University

2 Why ISO 17799? The ISO 17799:2005 standard lends itself well to developing and defining information security program initiatives in a higher education environment ISO/IEC 17799:2005 provides best practice recommendations (133 controls) on information security management for use by those who are responsible for initiating, implementing or maintaining information security management systems. Information security is defined within the standard as the preservation of: –Confidentiality (ensuring that information is accessible only to those authorized to have access) –Integrity (safeguarding the accuracy and completeness of information and processing methods) and –Availability (ensuring that authorized users have access to information and associated assets when required).

3 Georgia State University’s Information Security Plan Two years ago, our CIO was tasked by the Board of Regents in Georgia to submit an information security plan. We elected to provide a plan that was both comprehensive and holistic, and we chose to frame it around the ISO standard, as it advocates a very strategic, risk management based approach Looking back, this was a very ambitious undertaking that first year, since we only have three dedicated information security staff resources, and examining all of the recommended controls in the ISO was a very time consuming and (at times) difficult process We then went a few steps further and made an assessment of the current state of security in each domain area and defined prioritized objectives to accomplish each year. Each year, we modify our plan to reflect changing priorities and demands We are currently in the planning stages of integrating ITIL (IT Infrastructure Library) and COBIT (Control Objectives for Information and related Technology)

4 12 Domains of ISO 17799:2005 Risk Assessments Security Policies Information Security Organization Asset Management Human Resources Physical and Environmental Security Communications and Operations Management Access Control Information Systems Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance Information Security Incident Management Business Continuity Management Compliance

5 Benefits of Using the ISO Framework It’s comprehensive and requires an in depth analysis of business and IT processes. A great deal of time and effort will go into this initially, but when all is said and done, you will have prioritized action plans you can use to make immediate improvements. You will have a great opportunity to bridge the communication gap that often exists between information technology and business/academia. You can begin to erase the perception that information security only affects information technology, as you integrate your information security initiatives into business and academic processes and initiatives. You can use this plan to clarify to upper management what measures need to be taken at your campus to comply with university policies and legislative requirements (HIPAA, GLBA, PCI, etc.) that often require a very complex information security infrastructure. You can effectively demonstrate to your university leadership constituency that instituting adequate preventative controls and measures is necessary in order to prevent data leakages and compromises of institutional assets.

6 Using ISO 17799:2005 to Develop an Information Security Plan Overview of domains and objectives Ideas on assessing the current state of security at your university Coming up with proposed action plan items Building out a comprehensive appendix with supporting documentation Integrating ITIL and COBIT objectives (optional)

7 Executive Summary State that senior level management support and validation of your information security program is critical to its success Amplify how accomplishing the roadmap objectives you’re outlining in this plan will directly impact and enable your university’s strategic goals—academic, business, and information technology. Stress that this plan clearly demonstrates the need to institute an evolving cycle of continuous improvements in areas such as regulatory compliance, preservation of the confidentiality and integrity of university data, and availability of the critical business and information technology infrastructure

8 Opening Sections of Your Plan Scope: –Applicability (Staff, faculty, students, affiliates, third parties) –Structure (ISO 17799:2005) –Explanation of the format (14 domains) –Annual validation process (continuous cycle of improvement, review, and acceptance/adoption) Terms and definitions

9 Risk Assessment and Treatment Two major areas: Assessing Security Risks and Treating Security Risks Risk assessments should identify, quantify and prioritize risks against criteria for risk acceptance and objectives relevant to the organization Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

10 Security Policy Information Security Policies Information Security policies provide direction and support for information security iaw university requirements and relevants laws and regulations Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

11 Organization of Information Security Two major areas: Internal organization and External parties A robust information security infrastructure must be developed that includes incident response activities, security awareness education, security policies, third party compliance with university policies and requirements, and the deployment of effective security solutions that deter the activities of unauthorized persons Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

12 Asset Management Two major areas: Responsibility for Assets and Classification Guidelines Inventories and classification of assets helps ensure that effective asset protection takes place, is an important aspect of risk management, and may also be required for other business purposes such as health, safety, and federal regulations. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

13 Human Resources Security Three major areas: Prior to employment, During employment, and Termination or change of employment Throughout the employment cycle (hiring, current status, and termination/changes) information security procedures must be implemented to reduce the risks of human error fraud, and misuse of university resources Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

14 Physical and Environmental Security Three major areas: Secure areas, Equipment security, General controls Important business information processing facilities should reside in secure areas with appropriate security barriers and entry controls, and the protection applied should be commensurate with risks Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

15 Communications and Operations Management 10 major areas: Operational procedures and responsibilities, Third party service delivery management, System planning and acceptance, Protection against malicious and mobile code, Back-up, Network security management, Media handling, Exchange of information, Electronic commerce services, Monitoring Policies for the management and operation of all university information processing facilities should be established, codified, and communicated to all employees and third parties doing business with the university in order to ensure correct and secure operation. Capacity planning and back-up strategies are important, as is proper handling of media disposal and storage. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

16 Access Control Eight major sections: Business requirement for access control; User access management, User responsibilities, Network access control, Operating system access control, Application and information access control, Monitoring system access and use, Mobile computing and telecommuting Access to university information and business processes should be controlled on the basis of business and security requirements according to university policies and procedures. Users must be made aware of their responsibilities in this process and standard and procedures developed and implemented to assist in mitigation of risks. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

17 Information Systems Acquisition, Development and Maintenance Six major sections: Security requirements of information systems, Correct processing in applications, Cryptographic controls, Security of system files, Security in development and support processes, Technical vulnerability management Security reviews are necessary to ensure that controls and security requirements become a part of the overall design process. Cryptographic controls are necessary to assure confidentiality, authenticity, and integrity of sensitive information at risk. Technical vulnerability management systems should be implemented in an effective, systematic, and repeatable way with measurements taken to confirm effectiveness. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

18 Information Security Incident Management Two major sections: Reporting information security events and weaknesses and Management of information security incidents and improvements Formal event reporting and escalation procedures should be in place. All employees, contractors, third party users should be made aware of the procedures for reporting different types of events and weaknesses that might have an impact on the security of organizational assets to the designated POC. Responsibilities and procedures should be in place to handle information security events weaknesses effectively once reported. A process of continuous improvement should be instituted to monitor, respond, evaluate and manage information security incidents. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

19 Business Continuity Management Information security aspects of business continuity management In order to prevent disruption to business activities, as well as protect critical business processes from the effects of major failures or disasters, the development of a comprehensive University Disaster Recovery/Business Continuity Plan is necessary. The plan should call for risk analyses to determine the impact of business disruptions, identify priorities for testing, maintenance and activation, as well as outline specific processes to follow in the event of disruptions, including identification of the individuals or departments responsible for execution of each component of the plan. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

20 Compliance Three major areas: Compliance with legal requirements, Compliance with security policies and standards, and technical compliance, System audit consideration Universities are obligated to protect information types defined under FERPA, GLBA, HIPAA, Digital Millennium Act, CC 42CFR Part 73, ECPA and various other state and federal statutes or guidelines. It is also necessary to ensure compliance of information technology systems with university policies and standards. It is desirable to maximize the effectiveness of system audits and to minimize business disruptions due to vulnerability and/or penetration tests performed on university information technology resources. Assess the state of security by addressing competencies or deficiencies Come up with proposed action items—policies, procedures, initiatives to improve upon current state of security Provide any references used to determine above

21 (Sample) Appendices Items Sensitive Services Information security documentation Information security technical control matrix Credit card merchants Examples of outsourced contracts to 3 rd parties HIPAA compliance Sample risk assessment report servers requiring periodic security reviews Proposed Action Item Matrix CSIRT membership

22 ITIL Integration Information security is an integral part of all business processes and serves as a support structure and success enabler of key business objectives ITIL and ISO 17799:2005 are compatible in that both seek to establish an effective risk management approach that promotes continuous information security planning, development of policies to support initiatives, risk analyses, controls and operational measures, compliance, metrics, and audits While ISO 17799:2005 identifies the best practices and elements that should be developed to manage an effective and robust information security program, ITIL devises formal processes that translate to customer requirements, business and IT processes, and thus provide a common ‘language’ between the business customer, the IT provider, and the Information Security program initiatives and controls,

23 ITIL Information Security Model Key components of the ITIL process-based Information Security approach are: –Understanding of customer requirements and business needs—provide security awareness to customer –Service level agreements--internal and external information security requirements –Planning—Strategic, Tactical and Operational –Controls—information security management framework –Implementations—asset classification & control, security staffing requirements, physical security, secure computer & network management, systems access control and user access management –Evaluations—information security risk analyses, reviews and audits –Maintenance—continuous cycles of modifications and improvements –Reporting—reports and metrics

24 COBIT Integration COBIT provides a framework for IT governance, providing management tools such as metrics and maturity modeling to complement a control framework COBIT can be integrated into ISO 17799:2005 to assist with communicating management aims and direction, compliance, refining information classification, access controls, information security program infrastructure, human resources (job definitions and staffing), operational procedures and responsibilities

25 COBIT Information Security Model Four broad areas that contain specific objectives overlay the processes and domains outlined in ISO 17799:2005 and ITIL: –Plan and Organize –Acquire and Implement –Deliver and Support –Monitor and Evaluate

26 Final Considerations The reason we chose to develop our campus information security plan under ISO 17799:2005 and are now in the planning stages of integrating ITIL and COBIT is because we believe that an effective information security program integrates business/academic processes and initiatives with IT and information security objectives The frameworks discussed allow your information security staffs to speak a ‘common’ language with the functional/business executives at your institution, which ultimately promotes a dialogue that leads to increased understanding and better definition of risks and vulnerabilities. While we advocate that ISO 17799:2005 strongly lends itself for adoption by higher education institutions in its comprehensive approach to designing a robust information security program, we advise “picking and choosing” from the ITIL and COBIT frameworks to enhance your understanding and fine tune specific areas of your plan, especially in developing continuous cycles of measurements and improvements. Developing a comprehensive plan, with actionable information security objectives that are tied and aligned with both technology and business goals and processes, can assist you in making the case for funding and staffing resources because information security will be seen as a critical success factor to your institution and it also provides a way for you to effectively communicate with your business and academic leaders and really get their attention!

27 Resources ISO 17799:2005: NUMBER=39612&ICS1=35&ICS2=40&ICS3 NUMBER=39612&ICS1=35&ICS2=40&ICS3 ISO/IEC – Wikipedia: OGC-ITIL website: ITIL – Wikipedia: ISACA – COBIT: ggedPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=55&ContentID=7981 ggedPage/TaggedPageDisplay.cfm&TPLID=55&ContentID=7981 COBIT – Wikipedia: Georgia State University Information Systems Use Policies:

28 Questions? Copyright Tammy L. Clark, October This work is the intellectual property of the author. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the author. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from the author.


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