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e-commerce Kenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio Traver business. technology. society. eighth edition Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 1 The Revolution Is Just Beginning
Class Discussion Facebook: The New Face of E-commerce? Do you use Facebook, and if so, how often? What has the experience been like? Have you purchased anything based on an advertisement on Facebook or by using a link provided by a friend? Are you concerned about the privacy of the information you have posted on Facebook? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-3
E-commerce Trends 2011–2012 Social networking continues to grow Expansion of social e-commerce platform Mobile platform begins to rival PC platform Localization of e-commerce (Groupon) Explosive growth in online video viewing Continued privacy and security concerns Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-4
The First 30 Seconds First 16 years of e-commerce Just the beginning Rapid growth and change Technologies continue to evolve at exponential rates Disruptive business change New opportunities Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-5
What Is E-commerce? Use of Internet and Web to transact business More formally: Digitally enabled commercial transactions between and among organizations and individuals Exchange of value. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-6
E-commerce vs. E-business E-business: Digital enabling of transactions and processes within a firm, involving information systems under firms control Does not include commercial transactions involving an exchange of value across organizational boundaries Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-7
Why Study E-commerce? E-commerce technology is different, more powerful than previous technologies E-commerce brings fundamental changes to commerce Traditional commerce: Consumer as passive targets not active Sales-force driven. Fixed prices. Information asymmetry. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-8
Unique Features of E-commerce Technology 1. Ubiquity (being every where anytime) 2. Global reach 3. Universal standards 4. Information richness 5. Interactivity 6. Information density 7. Personalization/customization 8. Social technology Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-9
Web 2.0 User-Centered applications and social media technologies User-generated content and communication Highly interactive, social communities Large audiences; yet mostly unproven business models e.g., Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, Second Life, Wikipedia, Digg Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-10
Types of E-commerce Classified by market relationship Business-to-Consumer (B2C) largest # transactions Business-to-Business (B2B) Largest dollar value Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) largest scope & action Classified by technology used Peer-to-Peer (P2P) (Mediafire, slideshare, mega, 4share,z-share…) Mobile commerce (M-commerce) (the future tech) Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-11
The Internet Worldwide network of computer networks built on common standards Created in late 1960s Services include the http: Web, , ftp:file transfers, etc. Can measure growth by looking at number of Internet hosts with domain names Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-12
The Growth of the Internet, Measured by Number of Internet Hosts with Domain Names Figure 1.2, Page Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-13 SOURCE: Internet Systems Consortium, Inc., Tech. Risk Decrease, benefit early birds Adaptors
The Web Most popular Internet service Developed in early 1990s Provides access to Web pages HTML documents that may include text, graphics, animations, music, videos Web content has grown exponentially Google reports 1 trillion unique URLs; 120 billion pages indexed Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-14
Insight on Technology: Class Discussion Spider Webs, Bow Ties, Scale-Free Networks, and the Deep Web What is the small world theory of the Web? What is the significance of the bow-tie form of the Web? Why does Barabasi call the Web a scale-free network with very connected super nodes? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-15
Origins and Growth of E-commerce Precursors: Baxter Healthcare Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) French Minitel (1980s videotex system) None had functionality of Internet 1995: Beginning of e-commerce First sales of banner advertisements E-commerce fastest growing form of commerce in United States Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-16
The Growth of B2C E-commerce Figure 1.3, Page 25 Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-17 SOURCES: Based on data from eMarketer, Inc., 2011a; authors estimates.
The Growth of B2B E-commerce Figure 1.4, Page 28 Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-18 SOURCES: Based on data from U.S. Census Bureau, 2011b; authors estimates.
Technology and E-commerce in Perspective The Internet and Web: Just two of a long list of technologies that have greatly changed commerce. Others: Automobiles Radio E-commerce growth will eventually cap as it confronts its own fundamental limitations. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-19
Potential Limitations on the Growth of B2C E-commerce Expensive technology Sophisticated skill set Persistent cultural attraction of physical markets and traditional shopping experiences Persistent global inequality limiting access to telephones and computers Saturation and ceiling effects Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-20
E-commerce: A Brief History 1995–2000: Innovation Key concepts developed Dot-coms; heavy venture capital investment 2001–2006: Consolidation Emphasis on business-driven approach 2006–Present: Reinvention (Face-Book, Groupon) Extension of technologies New models based on user-generated content, social networks, services Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-21
Insight on Business: Class Discussion Party Like Its 1999 What explains the rapid growth in private investment in e-commerce firms in the period 1998–2000? Was this investment irrational? What type of Internet investments became popular in late 2008 through early 2010, and why? What is the value to investors of a company such as Groupon, which has yet to show profitability? Why do you think investors today would be interested in investing in or purchasing e-commerce companies? Would you invest in an e-commerce company today? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-22
Early Visions of E-commerce Computer scientists: Inexpensive, universal communications and computing environment accessible by all Economists: Nearly perfect competitive market; friction-free commerce Lowered search costs, disintermediation, price transparency, elimination of unfair competitive advantage Entrepreneurs: Extraordinary opportunity to earn far above normal returns on investmentfirst mover advantage Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-23
Assessing E-commerce Many early visions not fulfilled Friction-free commerce Consumers less price sensitive Considerable price dispersion Perfect competition Information asymmetries persist Intermediaries have not disappeared First mover advantage Fast-followers often overtake first movers Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-24
Predictions for the Future Technology will propagate through all commercial activity Prices will rise to cover the real cost of doing business E-commerce margins and profits will rise to levels more typical of all retailers Cast of players will change Traditional Fortune 500 companies will play dominant role New startup ventures will emerge with new products, services Number of successful pure online stores will remain smaller than integrated offline/online stores Regulatory activity worldwide will grow Cost of energy will have an influence Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-25
Understanding E-commerce: Organizing Themes Technology: Development and mastery of digital computing and communications technology Business: New technologies present businesses with new ways of organizing production and transacting business Society: Intellectual property, individual privacy, public welfare policy Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-26
The Internet and the Evolution of Corporate Computing Figure 1.8, Page 44 Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-27
Insight on Society: Class Discussion Online Privacy: Is the Age of Privacy Over? Why are social network sites interested in collecting user information? What types of privacy invasion are described in the case? Which is the most privacy-invading, and why? Is e-commerce any different than traditional markets with respect to privacy? Dont merchants always want to know their customer? How do you protect your privacy on the Web? Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-28
Academic Disciplines Concerned with E-commerce Technical approach Computer science Management science Information systems Behavioral approach Information systems Economics Marketing Management Finance/accounting Sociology Psychology Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-29
Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 1-30
E-commerce Kenneth C. Laudon Carol Guercio Traver business. technology. society. eighth edition Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.
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E-Commerce: The Revolution is Just Beginning. Topic Objectives At the end of this topic, you should be able to do the following: Define e-commerce and.
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