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Reading Designer: Unit 1 Building the future. 1. When was Live Aid held? 2. What does WFP stand for? 3. How many people has the WFP helped since it.

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Presentation on theme: "Reading Designer: Unit 1 Building the future. 1. When was Live Aid held? 2. What does WFP stand for? 3. How many people has the WFP helped since it."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reading Designer: Unit 1 Building the future

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3 1. When was Live Aid held? 2. What does WFP stand for? 3. How many people has the WFP helped since it was established?

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5 main idea of each paragraph 1. The Live Aid concert organized by Bob Geldof. 2. Hunger is the number one global health risk. 3. The UN set up WFP to fight worldwide hunger. 4. Food aid alone is a short-term solution to a long-term problem. 5. Development aid together with food aid is the long-term solution. 6. The importance of the education and training for young people. 7. Its better to teach a man to fish than to give him a fish.

6 True or false 1.Bob Geldof organized the charity concert to help war victims in Ethiopia. 2. According to the UN, ten million people die of hunger and malnutrition every year. 3. Food aid is a great program and it can surely help all the poor countries. 4. Development aid can help to improve a countrys infrastructure. 5. Children will one day take control of the future of developing countries. 6. To give a man fish is the long-term solution to the problem of poverty.

7 1.Why was the Live Aid concert so important? 2. What has the United Nations done to fight the problem of world hunger? 3. Why is food aid alone not enough to help poor countries? 4. What things are included in the infrastructure of a country?

8 5. What is the long-term solution to the problem of poverty? 6. Why is education and training for young people in developing countries so important? 7. Why is it better to teach a man to fish than to give him a fish?

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11 Both mother and son are victims of hunger

12 Bob Geldof

13 Live Aid was a multi-venue rock music concert held on July 13, The event was organised by Bob Geldof, Midge Ure, Harvey Goldsmith and the Band Aid Trust, in order to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia. Billed as a "global jukebox", the main sites for the event were Wembley Stadium, London, attended by 72,000 people, and JFK Stadium, Philadelphia, attended by about 90,000 people, with some acts performing at other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.

14 It was one of the largest scale satellite link-ups and TV broadcasts of all time -- an estimated 1.5 billion viewers in 100 countries watched the live broadcast.

15 WFP official with an African boy

16 Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by governmental and economic agencies to support the economic, social and political development of developing countries. Development aid may come from developed or developing country governments as well as from international organizations such as the World Bank. It is distinguished from humanitarian aid as being aimed at alleviating poverty in the long term, rather than alleviating suffering in the short term (Foreign aid, on the other hand, includes both development aid and humanitarian aid. Some governments include military assistance in the notion "foreign aid", although many NGOs tend to disapprove of this).foreign aidaid developmentdeveloping countriesdevelopedWorld Bankhumanitarian aidNGOs

17 Official Development Assistance The nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), made up of the developed nations of the world, have committed to providing a certain level of development assistance to underdeveloped countries. This is called Official Development Assistance (ODA), and is given by governments on certain concessional terms, usually as simple donations. It is given by governments through individual countries' international aid agencies (bilateral aid), through multilateral institutions such as the World Bank, or through development charities such as Oxfam. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOfficial Development Assistanceinternational aid agenciesbilateralmultilateralWorld Bankdevelopment charitiesOxfam

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22 True or false 1.Bob Geldof organized the charity concert to help war victims in Ethiopia. 2. According to the UN, ten million people die of hunger and malnutrition every year. 3. Food aid is a great program and it can surely help all the poor countries. 4. Development aid can help to improve a countrys infrusture. 5. Children will one day take control of the future of developing countries. 6. To give a man fish is the long-term solution to the problem of poverty. F T F T T F

23 1.Why was the Live Aid concert so important? Because it raised $100 million for famine victims in Ethiopia and also raised public attention. It also put pressure on politicians to do something about the famine.

24 In 1963, the United Nations set up the World Food Programme aiming to reduce the problem of world hunger. A number of programmes have been organized and the WFP has helped more than one billion people around the world. 2. What has the United Nations done to fight the problem of world hunger?

25 Because the poverty still exists after the food has been eaten up. 3. Why is food aid alone not enough to help poor countries? 4. What things are included in the infrastructure of a country? Things like transport, irrigation, electricity, postal service, telephones and schools are included.

26 Development aid together with food aid. Because the future of developing countries lies in the hands of young people. 5. What is the long-term solution to the problem of poverty? 6. Why is education and training for young people in developing countries so important?

27 Because if you give a man a fish, you can only feed him for a day, but if you teach a man how to fish you feed him for a lifetime. 7. Why is it better to teach a man to fish than to give him a fish?

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29 Reading strategy: understanding a title 1. The title of this essay is Give a man a fish. 2. In the first three paras, the author gradually introduces the theme of the essay. 3. In the fourth paragraph, the author quotes a saying and readers understand that this is where the title comes from.

30 Reading strategy: understanding a title 4. The author uses this saying as a symbol to develop the theme. 5. In the concluding paragraph, the author returns to the saying, proves its relevance and unites the whole text by referring once again to the title.

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32 (A) In 1985, a drought in Ethiopia (1)l________ to destroyed harvests and killed cattle. Bob Geldof, an Irish pop singer, was greatly(2 ) s__________ by the catastrophe. Bob Geldof didnt hesitate to take action. He organized a (3) c_________ concert which was called Live Aid to (4) r__________ money for people suffering from (5) f __________in Ethiopia. The concert was A tale of two cities, which took place in two (6 ) l____________in London and in Philadelphia. The concert turned out to be a great success and the biggest (7 ) s__________ of the time took part in it. As a result, the concert attracted so much (8) a___________ of the world that $ 100 million was raised, which was (9) s___________ as a food aid and famine relief funding. Without d__________, Bob Geldof has proved himself to be more than a great musician.

33 (B) As we all know, the children are the (1)f__________ of a country. So it is with (2)d___________ countries. This is why education and (3) t__________ for young people should be paid so much attention to. Lets take Afghanistan for (4)e_________. In Afghanistan, it is the (5)m_________ who are generally earning the bread for the family. However, things are changing nowadays. Groups of (6 )h_________ and widows there have been taught to (7)s___________ clothing, which they sell and (8)m__________ for their families. In this way, women are helping to support their families. There are also other (9)s___________ examples. In eastern Nigeria, young people are being trained to use computer technology to (10)d___________ their problem solving and communication skills.

34 Fill in the blanks (A) 1 led 2 shocked 3 charity 4 raise 5 famine 6 locations 7 stars 8 attention 9 sent 10 doubt Fill in the blanks (B) 1 future 2 developing 3 training 4 example 5 males 6 housewives 7 sew 8 make 9 successful 10 develop

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36 1.Have you ever done something to help poor people ? How did you help them? 2.Do you think the infrastructure of a country is important? Why or why not?

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38 Please write a 150-word passage about either of the two topics youve already discussed in class?

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