2ShadowsOn sunny days, my shadow walks with me. When I jump or run, my shadow jumps or runs too. Sometimes it is tall and sometimes it is small, but it always follows along with me.
3Houses have shadows. Trees have shadows and even little sisters have a shadow.
4Look around the classroom and see how many shadows you can find Look around the classroom and see how many shadows you can find. Each shadow has it’s own shape. But…What makes a shadow?
5Shadows are made when light is blocked from a surface Shadows are made when light is blocked from a surface. Hold your hand out in bright sunlight and you will see a shadow of your hand.
6Hold out a book, or a bear, or a piece of paper Hold out a book, or a bear, or a piece of paper. Whatever blocks the light makes a shadow.
7If you hold the flashlight in different places you can see the shapes of shadows change. Shadows get bigger or smaller and change shape, depending on how the light is blocked.
8When the sun is low, in the morning or afternoon, the light is blocked When the sun is low, in the morning or afternoon, the light is blocked. Then the shadow is tall.
9When the sun is overhead, around the middle of the day, not much light is blocked and the shadow is shorter.
10Shadows can also move. Try catching them in a game of shadow tag Shadows can also move. Try catching them in a game of shadow tag. Shadows tell us what shape something is. Try drawing an apple without the shadow. The apple just doesn’t look as good!
11There are shadows all around us There are shadows all around us. A gigantic shadow is what gives us day and night. The earth is like a big ball that spins in space. As our part of the earth spins toward the sun, we have day. As it spins away from the sun, we have night.
12The moon has a shadow too. The moon circles the earth The moon has a shadow too. The moon circles the earth. One half of the moon always faces the sum. It is lit up. The side away from the sun is always dark. It is the shadow side of the moon.
13The moon takes many days and nights to circle the earth The moon takes many days and nights to circle the earth. Each night, depending on where the moon is in its circle around the earth, we see a different amount of the moon’s shadow and its lit-up side.
14The moon can look like a sliver, or it can be full and bright depending on how much shadow we are seeing.
15As the moon circles the earth, once in a while it gets right between the sun and the earth. Then the earth is in the moon’s shadow and we have an eclipse.
16Eclipses don’t happen too often Eclipses don’t happen too often. Most nights we see the moon and the shadows on its surface. Most days we see the shadows in the sunlight.
17There are short shadows, tall shadows, round shadows, fuzzy shadows, and shadows that move. Indoors or out, there are shadows all around us.