Presentation on theme: "PCD and Development Effectiveness Antonio Tujan Jr. IBON Foundation Betteraid."— Presentation transcript:
PCD and Development Effectiveness Antonio Tujan Jr. IBON Foundation Betteraid
Policy coherence and effectiveness Refers to overall policy environment for development and development cooperation and economic relations – thus must be premised on fundamental development objectives such as HR, gender and sustainability (not just economic growth) Policy coherence is often confused with harmonization or coordination however it is related to aid effectiveness in a different way
Policy coherence and effectiveness PCD refers to overarching development policy environment and improves with aid effectiveness – Ownership – strong, inclusive national strategies recognized and supported by partners – Alignment – participatory country systems and programs acceded and supported by partners – Harmonization – country led coordination of partner participation and action PCD is important to achieve development effectiveness in thoroughgoing way – Focus on international dev goals inc MDGs – Coherent development process – Effective poverty reduction strategies
Concrete partner practice mixed Partnership and relations enhance and promote program country development goals, programs and strategies? Economic relations should do no harm? – Trade, investment, climate, immigration Strengthened broad program country ownership of development policies and programs?
Concrete partner practice mixed Mechanisms such as coordination among ministries Regulations such as Swedish law Strong program country planning - Medium Term Development Plans Oversight mechanisms - National Anti Poverty Commission
Challenges in promoting policy coherence Aid fragmentation - global programs, private funds and emerging donors enhance policy fragmentation Multilateral organizations complicate situation and enhance incoherence, even poverty enhancing polices example of IFI SAPs, WTO and EC Trade policy Need to strengthen essential role of csos and parliaments in advocacy and developing policy coherence for development
Aid architecture reform urgently needed Policy fragmentation, and worse contradictory policy frameworks due to neoliberal orthodoxy in past half century resulted in mixed results and development disasters – free market economics pushed by IFIs through SAPs contrary to interests of low income countries Ad hoc mechanisms such as G20 to address policy fragmentation in climate, trade, investment, development finance
Aid architecture reform urgently needed No international norm setting mechanism for development policy Absence of strong development policy architecture or development cooperation architecture to address incoherence in neoliberal trade and investment policy and shrinking policy space through mechanisms such as WTO and FTAs
Need for a convention on development effectiveness Betteraid studying feasibility of a convention on development effectiveness in development cooperation – Address common standards and commitments for adherence to internationally agreed development goals and conventions – Address need for commitment to policy coherence for development by strengthening intl policy frameworks – strengthen international coordination and voluntary mechanisms, of all actors towards effective responses to both immediate and long term development challenges and demands
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