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LOOKING TO JESUS A Study of the Book of Hebrews Chapter 1 JESUS, THE BETTER MESSENGER.

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Presentation on theme: "LOOKING TO JESUS A Study of the Book of Hebrews Chapter 1 JESUS, THE BETTER MESSENGER."— Presentation transcript:

1 LOOKING TO JESUS A Study of the Book of Hebrews Chapter 1 JESUS, THE BETTER MESSENGER

2 OUTLINE OF THE FIRST SECTION Jesus, A Better Messenger 1.Introduction of the new messenger (1:1) 2.The new messenger described. He is better than the prophets (1:2-3) 3. The superiority of the new messenger over the angels (1:4-14) 4. The application: We had better listen to Him... or else! (2:1-4) 1-1

3 CONTRASTS BETWEEN OT AND NT REVELATION Old TestamentNew Testament 1. Who spoke? 2. When? 3. To whom? 4. Through whom? 5.How? 6.Delivered from where? 7.What message? Contrasts A worksheet for completion during class 1-2

4 OLD AND NEW REVELATION CONTRASTED THE SPEAKERGodGod WHENin times pastin these last days TO WHOMto the fathersto us THROUGH WHOMthe prophetsHis Son HOWmany times and wayscompletely and finally God, who at various times and in different ways spoke in times past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son OLD TESTAMENTNEW TESTAMENT

5 THE SPEAKER: GOD IMPLICATIONS: 1. The writers purpose is NOT to denigrate in any way the message of the Old Testament. 2.All scripture has the same origin; the mind of God Himself (2 Pet. 1:20-22; Luke 1:70; John 7:16, 8:28). Therefore, we would expect perfect consistency and unity of purpose between the Old and New Testaments. 3.The Old Testament is not inferior revelation. It played an important part in Gods plan to reveal himself and His will to men (e.g., 1 Cor. 10:11). Remember that ALL scripture has value (2 Tim. 3:16). 4.No scripture (including the Old Testament) could be ignored with impunity (Heb. 2:1-3). 1-4

6 THE OLD MESSENGERS: THE PROPHETS 1.Spoke as moved by the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:70; 2 Pet. 1:21-22). 2.There were many different prophets who ministered during the 1400 years of the Mosaic dispensation; some in writing (e.g., Jeremiah) and some verbally (e.g., Abraham, Miriam). 3.The Jews revered their prophets (Mark 11:32) but they often persecuted and killed them (Matt. 23:31). 4.These prophets spoke of the coming Messiah. Acts 10:43 Rom. 1:2 Acts 26:22 Luke 24:27 So one who truly believed the prophets would also believe in the Messiah 5.Ignoring the words of Gods prophets resulted in sure punishment (e.g., Num. 15:32-36). 1-5

7 THE ORIGINAL MESSAGE WAS DELIVERED in time past THE CURRENT MESSAGE COMES IN these last days To the Jewish readers, the term these last days clearly referred to the Messianic age. I sa. 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. Micah 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 1-6

8 THE ORIGINAL AUDIENCE the fathers THE CURRENT AUDIENCE us 1.Pay attention! This is addressed to YOU. 2.What we must be interested in is what God has to say to US. (e.g., There is no need for us to build an ark like Noah or offer burnt offerings like the OT Jews) 1-7

9 THE NATURE OF OLD TESTAMENT REVELATION PROGRESSIVE: 1.Given out a little at a time (Isa. 28:10-14) For example... To Adam and Eve (Gen. 3:15) To Abraham (Gen. 12:3) To Moses (Deut. 18:15-19) To David (2 Sam. 7:12-17) 2.Through many prophets over 1400 years no one Prophet knew all truth) 3.Given in many different ways Hand of God on stone (Ex. 31:18) Spoke directly (Gen. 17:9) Spoke through angels (Gen. 16:9) Spoke through an animal (Num. 22:28) 1-8

10 THE NATURE OF OLD TESTAMENT REVELATION Continued INCOMPLETE: 1.Much remained a mystery even after all the prophets had spoken Eph. 3:1-7 the mystery... which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men... 1 Pet. 1:10-12 OT prophets and angels did not previously know that which is now revealed to us Matt. 13:17 many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them 2. The totality of OT revelation was in part. ( 1 Cor. 13:8-12) 1-9

11 THE NATURE OF NEW TESTAMENT REVELATION COMPLETE 1.Delivered once and for all Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints. (Jude 3) 2.The mysteries have now been revelation he made known unto me the mystery... Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ. Which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit (Eph. 3:3-5) 3. Completely All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and [enables men of God to be] perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 1-10


13 Who is the new and better messenger through whom God speaks to us? JESUS CHRIST, THE SON OF GOD! Hebrews 1:2-3 This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. Matt. 17:5 1-12

14 WHO IS CHRIST? Deity, with all the attributes of God the Father 1-5 Righteous and eternal Prophet, Priest, and King With all power and rights (heir of all things) Creator and sustainer of all things Leave such a One for the old law which came through the efforts of ministering spirits and mere men? How absurd! 1-13

15 THE NEW MESSENGER REVEALED Hebrews 1:1-3 The Son of God Heir of all things The One through whom the world was made The brightness of God's glory The express image of God's person The One who upholds all things The One who purged our sins The One who sits at the right hand of God 1-14

16 JESUS CHRIST, SON OF GOD Hebrews 1:5 Heavenly beings and Christians are referred to as sons of God (Job 1:6; John 1:12; 1 John 3:1-2) The Old Testament refers to Jesus as the Son of God (Dan. 3:25; 2 Sam. 7:14; Ps. 2:7) God announced that Jesus is His Son (Ps. 2:7, Matt. 3:17; 17:5, Heb. 1:5) Jesus claimed to be the Son of God (Luke 22:70-71; Matt. 27:43; John 11:4; John 19:7) The Jews rightly understood this to be a claim of deity (John 10:30-33) Jesus, as the Son of God, was God (Heb. 1:8) 1-15

17 JESUS CHRIST, HEIR OF ALL THINGS Ps. 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Matt. 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth. Rom. 1:4 Christ was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead Eph. 1:20-22 Which He wrought in Christ, when He raised him from the dead, and set Him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be the head over all things to the church. Jude 25 To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and for ever. Amen. Also see Matt. 11:27, Acts 2:36, John 17:10, Rom. 8:17, Eph. 1:11and Gal. 4:1 1-16

18 JESUS CHRIST, CREATOR And God said, Let US make man in our image... (Gen. 1:26) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:3) For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him. (Col. 1:16-17) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him. (1 Cor. 8:6) And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ. (Eph. 3:9) 1-17

19 THE BRIGHTNESS OF GODS GLORY THE GLORY OF GOD THE FATHER Our God is glorious (Ex. 15:11; 1 Chr. 29:13; Ps. 72:19; Rev. 7:12) His glory is to be acknowledged by men (Luke 11:2; Phil. 4:20; Rom. 15:6) Jesus brought glory to God the Father (John 8:49-50; 13:31-32; 21:19; Phil. 2:11) Jesus perfectly manifested the glory of God (Heb. 1:3) Mens duty in this life is to demonstrate by their actions the glory to God (Matt. 5:16; 1 Cor. 10:31; 1 Pet. 2:12) THE GLORY OF JESUS Before time was (John 17:5) While on earth (John 1:14; John 2:11; 2 Pet. 1:17) Upon His death and resurrection (1 Pet. 1:11) Worthy of glory now (Rev. 5:12 ) Will come in glory when He returns (Matt. 25:31) GLORY AND MANKIND At the end of time, faithful men will receive glory (Heb. 2:7, 10) 1-18

20 JESUS CHRIST, EXPRESS IMAGE OF THE FATHER 1-19 Image in the Greek meant a seal or stamp and then the impression left by the stamp. Jesus is an exact and complete representation of the essence of God because He is God Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature. (Col. 1:15) And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. (1 Tim. 3:16) I and my Father are one. (John 10:30)

21 JESUS REVEALS THE FATHER 1-20 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. (Matt. 11:27) Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father? Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. (John 14:8-10) No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. (John 1:18) For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. (2 Cor. 4:6) Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.... (John 13:31-32)

22 JESUS CHRIST, UPHOLDER OF ALL THINGS 1-21 Col. 1:17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. Ps. 104:27-30 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season. That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good. Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust. Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth. Job 34:14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust. Acts 17:28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. He upholds all things through the word of His power (see Psm. 33:6, 9)

23 JESUS CHRIST BY HIMSELF PURGED OUR SINS 1-22 Purged means to cleanse or purify This term would remind the Jewish readers of the OT cleansing rituals Refers to the cleansing away (i.e., forgiveness) of sins (Ps. 65:3; 79:9; 2 Pet. 1:9) True purging never occurred as a result of OT sacrifices (Heb. 10:2-4) But did occur as a result of Jesus giving Himself as a sacrifice (Heb. 7:27; 9:12, 26; 1 John 1:7) This is the first mention Hebrews of the role of Jesus as our high priest

24 JESUS CHRIST now sitting at the right hand of the Father in heaven 1-23 A position of great honor (Acts 2:33; 5:31; 1 Pet. 3:22) Prophesied by David (Ps. 110:1 Luke 20:42) God put Him there (Eph. 1:20) Note that He sits at the right hand of God Indicates that His work is done (Heb. 7:27; 10:10, 12 Position of greater glory than the OT priests who stood because their work was never completed (Heb. 10:11) Position of greater glory than the angels who stand around the throne (1 Kin. 22:19)

25 JESUS IS BETTER THAN THE ANGELS The angels served a key role in the revelation of the Old Testament (Gal. 3:19; Acts 7:52-53).Yet Christ, through whom we have New Testament revelation, was much better than these angels (Heb. 1:4-14) because: He received a better name Son (Heb. 1:4-5) He is worshipped by the angels (Heb. 1:6) He is a mighty king (Heb. 1:7-9) He is eternal (Heb. 1:8, 11-12) He is righteous (Heb. 1:8-9) He created all things (Heb. 1:10) But the angels are just ministering spirits (Heb. 1:7, 10) 1-24

26 NATURE/POSITION OF ANGELS Have a different nature than man Heb. 2:16 (Angel food - Ps. 78:25; angel language -1 Cor. 13:1) In some sense, occupy a higher position than man (Ps. 8:5, Heb. 2:7) yet are not to be worshipped by men Col. 2:18, Rev. 22:8-29 Are subject to Jesus 1 Pet. 3:22 Some sinned and were lost 2 Pet. 2:4, Jude 6, Matt. 25:41 Don't know everything Matt. 24:36, 1 Pet. 1:12 Do not die Luke 20:36 Don't marry Matt. 22:30 WORK OF ANGELS Served as Gods messenger Gen. 16:7; 19:1; 22:11; Matt. 2:13; Acts 8:26 Brought Gods judgment on man Gen. 6:22, Ps. 104:4, Luke 22:43, Heb. 2:7, 14, Matt. 18:10, Luke 4:10 Involved in giving the old law Gal. 3:19; Acts 7:53 Fellow servants of men, Rev. 22:9 Worshiped God - Ps 148:4, Luke 2:13, Heb. 1:6 Different from Seraphs (Isa. 6:2) and Cherubim (Ezek 1:5-25; 10:1-22; Rev.4:6-8) THE POSITION AND WORK OF ANGELS 1-25

27 ADDITIONAL MATERIAL ON ANGELS They were created beings (Ps. 148:2-5) Had superhuman intelligence but not omniscient (Matt. 24:36; 1 Pet. 1:12) Stronger that men but not omnipotent (Ps. 103:20; 2 Pet. 2:11; 2 Thes. 1:7) Not glorified human beings but distinct from man (1 Cor. 6:3; Heb. 1:14) Vast multitude of them (Rev. 5:11) One (Michael) was called an archangel (Jude 9) There are good and bad (Matt. 25:41) angels Angels were created holy (Gen. 1:31; Jude 6) but after a period of time some fell from their state of innocence (2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6) Some men worshipped angels but this practice was condemned (Col. 2:18) So what are they? They are a vast company of created being distinct from and of a higher position than men and whose duty it is to praise and serve God and to minister to His children. Some have rejected their responsibility and are doomed to eternal punishment. 1-26

28 THE MESSAGE OF CHAPTER ONE 1. God now speaks through a better messenger 2. This messenger is His own Son 3. As such, He is deity and is better than: The Old Testament prophets The angels 1-27

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