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Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 1 MALAYSIA Review.

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Presentation on theme: "Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 1 MALAYSIA Review."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 1 MALAYSIA Review of Experiences in GHS Implementation Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Department of Occupational Safety & Health Ministry of Human Resource Malaysia

2 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 2 OVERVIEW OF CHEMICAL LAWS IN MALAYSIA SubstanceLegislationAuthorities PesticidesPesticides Act 1974Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry Industrial Chemicals Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994 Ministry of Human Resource PharmaceuticalsPoisons Act 1952Ministry of Health Radioactive Substances Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation Petroleum & petroleum product Petroleum (Safety Measures) Act 1984 Ministry of Domestic Trade & Consumer Affairs Toxic wastesEnvironmental Quality Act 1974 Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment

3 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 3 EXISTING SCENARIO GHS SCOPERELEVANT AGENCYRELEVANT MINISTRYHAZARD CLASSIFI- CATION HAZARD LABEL SAFETY DATA SHEET INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS DEPT. OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH HUMAN RESOURCEYYY PESTICIDESPESTICIDES BOARDAGRICULTURE & AGRO-BASED INDUSTRY YYY PHARMA- CEUTICALS PHARMACY DIVISIONHEALTHNYN CONSUMER PRODUCTS DOMESTIC TRADE & CONSUMER AFFAIRS NNN TRANSPORTROAD TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT TRANSPORT(Y) N

4 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS PoisonPesticidesInd. chemical Importation License-DG Health Prohibit import -Customs Dept. Prohibit import -Customs Dept. Registration NoYesNo Hazard Classification Yes (Group A, B, C, D, industrial & lab.) Yes (Class I,II,III,IV) Yes (10 classes-EU) Hazard Labeling Yes (4 languages) Yes (4 languages) Yes-5 elements (2 languages) Safety Datasheet NoYes for registrationYes, for users Safe Use Poisons Act & USECHH Reg. Highly Toxic Pesticides Reg. & USECHH Reg. Petroleum (Safety Measures) Act & USECHH Reg. Transport Disposal 6 Elements labelling 10 waste classification & labelling CONTROL OF POISON, PESTICIDES & INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS

5 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS PESTICIDES-Classification & Colour Code Band ClassHazard Class Colour Band SymbolWarning (in 4 locally used languages) Ia Extremely hazardous BLACK Keep away from food stuff & children Ib Highly hazardous RED -ditto- II Moderately hazardous YELLOW -ditto- III Slightly hazardous BLUE -ditto- IV Unlikely to be hazardous WHITE -ditto-

6 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 6 PESTICIDES -Sample Label

7 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 7 INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS- Classification PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES DANGER SYMBOL HEALTH EFFECTS DANGER SYMBOL EXPLOSIVEVERY TOXIC OXIDIZINGTOXIC EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE CORROSIVE HIGHLY FLAMMABLEHARMFUL FLAMMABLEIRRITANT

8 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 8 1. Chemical Product, company identification 2. Composition information on ingredient 3. Physical, chemical properties 4. Hazards identification 5. First aid measures 6. Fire fighting measures 7. Accidental release measures 8. Handling and storage 9. Exposure controls, personal protection 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information 13. Disposal considerations 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information INDUSTRIALCHEMICALS CSDS FORMAT INDUSTRIALCHEMICALS

9 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 9 INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS-Label layout NAME OF CHEMICAL RISK PHRASES & SAFETY PHRASES MANUFACTURER’S DETAILS DETAILS OF IMPORTER/DISTRIBUTOR SYMBOL 1 SYMBOL 2

10 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 10 Comparison of SDS: GHS versus CPL Regulations 1. Product and company information 2. Hazards identification 3. Composition information on ingredients 4. First aid measures 5. Fire fighting measures 6. Accidental release 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure controls, personal protection 9. Physical, chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information 13. Disposal considerations 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information Malaysian CPL Regulations 1. Product, company identification 2. Composition information on ingredient 3. Physical, chemical properties 4. Hazards identification 5. First aid measures 6. Fire fighting measures 7. Accidental release measures 8. Handling and storage 9. Exposure controls, personal protection 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information 13. Disposal considerations 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information GHS

11 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 11 CHALLENGES IN GHS IMPLEMENTATION IN MALAYSIA Lack of awareness on GHS among government agencies & the target groups Lack of commitments from the relevant Ministries & agencies to review existing legislation No national coordinating agency or committee to oversee the implementation of GHS Lack of technical expertise on the classification, labeling & formulation of safety data sheets Lack of promotional activities & materials Lack of technical translators

12 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 12 NATIONAL HARMONIZATION? CPL REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION RULES ON DANGEROUS GOODS PESTICIDES CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING CONSUMER LABELLING 2008 GHS AMEND EXISTING LAW/ ENACT NEW LAW

13 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 13 CHALLENGES TO NATIONAL HARMONIZATION Different products different system for classifying & providing hazard information –E.g. industrial chemicals vs pesticides vs consumer products Different purpose different system –E.g. workplace vs transportation vs consumer Different authorities adopt different systems based on needs or preferences –E.g. industrial chemicals based on EU classifications & ILO chemicals convention, pesticides based on WHO classification & FAO guidelines,

14 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 14 GHS IMPLEMENTATION-ACHIEVEMENTS BRIEFING ON CPL REGULATIONS 1997 & GHS –2003, BY CICM SEMINAR ON GHS IN KUALA LUMPUR (2004) –ORGANIZED BY APEC CHEMICAL DIALOGUE & MITI PAPERS ON GHS PRESENTED AT NATIONAL CONFERENCE & SEMINAR –2003 (DOSH REP. AT NATIONAL COSH), –DEC 2004 (DOSH REP. AT NCOSH NATIONAL SEMINAR)

15 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 15 GHS IMPLEMENTATION-ACHIEVEMENTS PAPERS ON GHS PRESENTED AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL –JULY 2002(CICM REP. AT ASEAN OSHNET WORKSHOP) –2003 (CHEMCON ASIA IN SINGAPORE) –2004 (CHEMCON IN BERLIN) –2005 (CHEMCON ASIA IN KUALA LUMPUR) PROPOSAL TO ADOPT GHS AS MALAYSIAN STANDARD –2005 –TECHNICAL COMMITTEE SET-UP PAMPHLET ON GHS –PUBLISHED 2005 BY DOSH MALAYSIA

16 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 16 GHS IMPLEMENTATION-ACHIEVEMENTS GHS TECHNICAL WORKSHOP (BEGINNERS) –2004-BY FMM/JETRO –CONDUCTED BY EXPERTS FROM JAPAN GHS TECHNICAL WORKSHOP (INTERMEDIATE) –JUNE 2005 GHS TECHNICAL WORKSHOP (ADVANCED) –AUGUST 2005 NEW REGULATIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS –STARTED DRAFTING IN 2005 –BASED ON GHS

17 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 17 GHS IMPLEMENTATION-FUTURE PLANS GHS WORKSHOP-ASEAN OSHNET/UNITAR –MARCH 2006 GHS WORKSHOP FOR MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS-DOSH/UNITAR –MARCH TRAINING ON GHS FOR LOCAL CHEMICAL SUPPLIERS 2007/8-NEW REGULATION TO BE GAZETTED –MANUAL ON GHS CLASSIFICATION, LABELLING & SDS 2008-REACH-OUT PROGRAMME –BRIEFING & DIALOGUE SESSIONS –TARGET GROUPS

18 Anuar Mohd. Mokhtar Malaysia-Experiences in GHS Implementation GLOBAL THEMATIC WORKSHOP ON STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES TO IMPLEMENT GHS 18 CONCLUSIONS Malaysia has been enforcing various laws pertaining to chemical control Awareness & training sessions on GHS have been conducted Efforts have been made to introduce A Malaysian Standard & a new regulation based on GHS Presently, GHS to be implemented only for industrial chemical


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