Dimensions of Culture Three fundamental aspects of human experience acquired through interaction outside the classroom. What people do (cultural behavior) What people know (cultural knowledge) What things people make and use (cultural artifacts)
Sphere of Interculturality (KRAMSCH, 1993) In this sphere… Learners need to acquire knowledge about another culture Learners need to reflect on their own culture in relation to others Third culture of the language classroom – a neutral space that learners can create and use to explore and reflect on their own and the target culture and language Kramsch emphasizes teaching culture as difference.
Cultural Materials Source culture (home culture ) Target culture (inner circle countries) International target culture (outer/expanding circle) See the next slide for a visualization of cultural materials. (McKay 2002)
Inner Circle Outer Circle Expanding Circle e.g. USA, UK, Australia 320-380 million e.g. India, Singapore 150-300 million e.g. China, Germany 100-1000 million Kachru (1989) TARGET CULTURE MATERIAL INTL TARGET CULTURE MATERIAL SOURCE CULTURE MATERIAL (for most E-Teacher countries) McKay (2002)
Cultural Content Consider source culture in relation to another and learn the language needed to explain these cultural elements in English Culture as difference. Within each culture there exists variety related to age, gender, regional origin, ethnic background, and social class. (McKay 2002) Lets look at examples of target and source culture materials and try to compare the concepts and discuss differences..
If you are American… If you are Ukranian…. In groups of 4 Are you Ukranian or American? Discuss similarities and differences How might some of these cultural values relate to international culture?
How will carpooling benefit me? The benefits of carpooling are many. If you are currently driving every day, youre going to save money on your commute costs by carpooling. In some cases, depending on the length of your commute and the number of days you dont drive, the savings can be significant. Youll also enjoy less wear and tear on your vehicle because youll be driving it less. Youll endure less stress on your commute. Finally, by driving less youll be helping to keep the air clean.
Potluck A potluck is a gathering of people where each person or group of people contributes a dish of food to be shared among the group. Synonyms include: potluck dinner, spread, Jacob's supper, faith supper, covered dish supper, pitch-in, carry-in, bring-a-plate, smorgasbord. The term potluck is not often used in the southern U.S. to mean a meal of this sort since spelled as two words it has the older meaning of what an unexpected guest will have (whatever is already in the pot).Synonyms
The sale begins at 8:00. By 6:00 am well have people driving by like the paparazzi, real slow with their windows rolled down, carefully scanning our merchandise. Before we even get a chance to get everything organized in the driveway (theres no way it will all fit in the garage) well have the regulars (the same people I see every time we have a garage sale) asking us if well settle for half of our asking price. This makes my blood temperature rise every time.
Garage Sale A garage sale is a sale of items you no longer want or need. People have these sales in their homes, yards, or garages. It is a way for sellers to make money by getting rid of old items. It is also a way for buyers to get secondhand items, or used items, cheaply.
New or Used? Look at the list below. With a partner decide which items you would want to buy new and which items you wouldnt mind buying secondhand. Cell phone, TV, mattress, childrens toys, chairs, sheets, blanket, pillow, pictures in frames, tablecloth, toaster, rug, underwear, winter coat, garden tools, add your own.
Cultural topics Time Eating habits/ Food Greetings/ Social Interactions Male/female roles/ home life Dating / night life
Discuss in groups (3-4) Which aspects of your culture might people from other cultures find interesting. Which aspects might they find strange and hard to understand? Share with your group one aspect of your culture that you are passionate about. Why?. What are some family traditions you enjoy most? Why?
Thank you! How can you use your English to showcase your country in Euro 2012?