What are your assumptions? What are the different cultures in my school? What characteristics first come to mind when I think of each group? Where did these impressions come from? How do I treat people based on these impressions? Can I remember a time when someone made assumptions about me? How did it make me feel?
Where Do Biases Begin? How we react to people from different backgrounds is influenced by many factors: Personal experiences What we hear about people Can I see myself sharing any values with them? How much power do I believe these people have in my society?
Avoid Biases in the Classroom 1.Address your class without bringing your personal opinions into the conversation 2.Avoid showing favoritism 3.Balance media from one viewpoint with that of another 4.Avoid favoritism based on gender, religion, and ethnic backgrounds
Teachers Establish a Respectful Environment for a Diverse Population of Students
Element A Teachers provide an environment in which each child has a positive, nurturing relationship with caring adults.
Strategies to Add Diversity to Your Classroom 1.Diversify your classroom decorations 2.Build cultural diversity into your lesson plans 3.Come up with unique homework assignments 4.Invite guest speakers 5.Take your class on field trips 6.Celebrate various cultural holidays in the classroom
Element B Teachers embrace diversity in the school community and in the world.
Diversity in the classroom Poverty 22% in the US Homelessness Foster care Military families Drug/Alcohol abuse Chronic Conditions Language barriers Religious barriers White African-American Hispanics Vietnamese Asian American Indian Other countries
Demographic Changes in NC 1994 - 19952011 - 2012
Racial and Economic Diversity in North Carolina Schools January 2013 Swain County
Teaching Strategies Lessons from PBS.org http://www.pbs.org/teachers/search/resources/?q=cultural+diversity&x= 0&y=0 http://www.pbs.org/teachers/search/resources/?q=cultural+diversity&x= 0&y=0 Lessons from Diversity Council.org http://www.diversitycouncil.org/hsActivities.shtml http://www.diversitycouncil.org/hsActivities.shtml Read, Write, Think - Cultural Diversity http://www.readwritethink.org/search/?sort_order=relevance&q=cultural +diversity&srchgo.x=15&srchgo.y=3&old_q= http://www.readwritethink.org/search/?sort_order=relevance&q=cultural +diversity&srchgo.x=15&srchgo.y=3&old_q Dick Blick Art Supplies – Multicultural Lessons http://www.dickblick.com/multicultural/lessonplans/ http://www.dickblick.com/multicultural/lessonplans/ Teaching Diversity.org – Online Teacher Support http://www.teachingdiversity.org.au/ http://www.teachingdiversity.org.au/
Element C Teachers treat students as individuals.
Strategies Talk to students as a person Listen to students with good eye contact Create personal learning plans Demonstrate respect through positive reinforcement Set rules and limits for personal conduct
Element D Teachers adapt their teaching for the benefit of students with special needs.
Define Special Needs Students Challenges with learning Communication challenges Emotional & behavioral disorders Physical disabilities –Hearing, Visual Developmental disorders Intellectual giftedness Poverty Homelessness Foster care Military families Drug/Alcohol abuse Chronic Conditions Language barriers Religious barriers
Researched Based Strategies Behavioral models –Focus on observable outcomes of learning Constructivist models –Students are active participants in the process Ecological models –Focuses on the interaction between learner and his/her environment
Element E Teachers work collaboratively with the families and significant adults in the lives of their students.
Instructional Strategies to Add Diversity to Your Classroom 1.Consider students’ cultures and language skills when developing instructional activities 2.Use advance and post organizers 3.Facilitate independence in thinking and action 4.Require mastery
Strategies for Teaching Culturally Diverse Students 1.Learn about your students cultural backgrounds –Appreciate and accommodate the similarities and differences 2.Give your students equal amounts of respect 3.Avoid making assumptions 4.Be sensitive to the student’s home life
Strategies for Teaching Culturally Diverse Students 5.Use a wide variety of teaching strategies 6.Encourage students to respect and enjoy their diverse cultural heritage 7.Focus on the ways students learn and observe students to identify their task orientations 8.Teach students to match their behaviors to the setting