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1 A presentation by Jill Hammelbacher 2013 Friedrich Nietzsche(1)A presentation by Jill Hammelbacher2013
2 Childhood Born in 1844 in Germany Strongly Lutheran family Father died at age five (1849)Lived with mother, aunt, grandmother and all female cousinsAttended prestigious boarding schoolFirst attended University of Bonn, but transferred to the University of Leipzig
3 Connections in Early Adult Life Became friends with composers Richard Wagner and Erwin RohdeInterested in philosophical works of Arthur SchopenhauerRitschl, who nominated Nietzsche for professorshipConducted a small literature and musical group, and traveled around Germany
4 Later Years Began working at the University of Basel at age 24 Worked in the military until forced to leave the army for medical reasonsAfter his resignation in 1870, Nietzsche lost contact with most people, except his sister who took care of him.
5 Physical and Mental Decline After Nietzsche’s discharge from the army, he dealt with severe health issues, forcing his resignation from professorshipWhile producing most of his writings, Nietzsche was in tremendous pain and nearly half blindToward the end of his life, Nietzsche witnessed a horse being beaten and he suffered an extreme mental breakdown from which he never recovered
6 Book Summaries: Beyond Good and Evil “What is done out of love, always takes place beyond good and evil.” - NietzscheThe core belief that everything in the world is constantly changing, except wordsFinding a pure truth is nearly impossible; rather finding truths in different perspectivesThe above is a link to the full work Beyond Good and Evil
7 Book Summaries: The Anti-Christ “What is good? All that heightens the feeling of power in man, the will to power, power itself.What is bad? All that is born of weakness.What is happiness? The feeling that power is growing, that resistance is overcome.”- NietzscheThe above is a link to the entire work The Anti-Christ
8 Important Beliefs Nihilism: rejection of religious beliefs and morals Realism: the practice of accepting a situation as it is and dealing with it accordinglyAll humans were born with an artistic senseFormulated the idea of the Übermensch (superman), who can rise above the restrictions of ordinary morality. This man is not above society, but rather, his own restrictions and limitations.
9 Important Works Beyond Good and Evil The Will to Power Sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spoke Zarathustra)Human, All Too HumanUnfashionable ObservationsThe Birth of Tragedy
10 Quotes Page“A casual stroll through the lunatic asylum shows that faith does not prove anything.”“He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you.”“Faith: not wanting to know what is true.”“In individuals, insanity is rare; but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule. ““The desire to annoy no one, to harm no one, can equally well be the sign of a just as of an anxious disposition.”
11 Nietzsche - Human, All Too Human (Full BBC Documentary) =relatedThe video above goes through Nietzsche’s life story, as well as his worksFriedrich Nietzsche and his famous mustache (2)
12 Works Cited(1) Friedrich Nietzsche Biography Photograph. Encyclopedia of World Biography Web. 22 Apr <www.notablebiographies.com>.(2) Image Asset Management Ltd. Friedrich Nietzsche Photograph. SuperStockWeb. 22 Apr <www.superstock.com/>.. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 AprWicks, Robert. “Friedrick Nietzsche.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2011): n. pag. Web. 7 March 2012Mangus, Bernard. “Friedrick Nietzsche Biography.” (1994): n. page. Web. 7 MarEuropean Graduate School. “Friedrick Nietzsche – Biography- German Philosopher.” (2012): n. page. Web 13 March 2012Age of Sage “Friedrich Nietzsche Biography.” (2010): n. page. Web. 13 March 2012