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SAVOONGA Science and TEK Arctic Imperative Summit RESOURCES - George Noongwook –

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Presentation on theme: "SAVOONGA Science and TEK Arctic Imperative Summit RESOURCES - George Noongwook –"— Presentation transcript:

1 SAVOONGA Science and TEK Arctic Imperative Summit RESOURCES - George Noongwook –

2 Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea Bering Sea Girdwood Savoonga RUSSIA ALASKA

3 EXTREMES Longest lived mammal (~ 150 yr) Late age at sexual maturity (~20 yr) Low body temperature (~92 F) Longest baleen (~16 ft) Thickest blubber (35) Best tasting

4 Spring time

5 Fall time

6 Traditional Knowledge of the Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus) around Saint Lawrence Island, Alaska 1.Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission / Native Village of Savoonga 2.Private Consultant – Eagle River 3.North Slope Borough Department of Wildlife Management - Barrow, AK

7 TEK bowhead whale surveys indicated: 2 migratory routes recognized Changes in abundance and distribution Timing / direction of migrations Identified migratory staging area Identified several local feeding area Increasing numbers of ingutuks or sub-adults

8 Staging AreaMigrations

9 Ecological Change Impact/ Response Mediator e.g. politics, regulation, inertia e.g. economic/social system, personal choice, culture e.g. climate Mechanism Connecting Change to Impact

10 Angyaq The Native people of Savoonga forever rely on marine mammals for food and domestic needs. We will continue this tradition.

11 Hauling up a whale

12 Subsistence camp

13 Savoonga: Percent total subsistence harvest

14 Savoonga: # days per week, subsistence food use

15 Satellite-tagged bowhead locations and MODIS sea ice images March 2009

16 The Tribe has regulated the taking of marine mammals in a respectful & non-wasteful manner (Consistent with MMPA, Constitution, and By-laws of the Native Village of Savoonga 1934)

17 Survival depends upon community cooperation and sharing the marine mammal harvest

18 All of our harvests!

19 Environmental Loss of marine mammal habitat Less availability of marine subsistence resources Subsistence resources less accessible – less predictable Longer travel in open seas – increase cost / increase risk Health of marine resources Disease Changing ecosystem: new animals / competition CONCERNS/THREATS

20 Industrial Oil spills Ship strikes Acoustic disturbance / deflection Entanglement / marine trash Hazards to maritime subsistence activities CONCERNS/THREATS

21 Environmental Fall whaling (1990) OPPORTUNITY Julian date Whale harvest

22 OPPORTUNITY Industrial Direct communication with transiting vessels Training / education Mitigation measures Monitoring / other science opportunities Local employment Involvement in policy-making Tribal government representation

23 Acknowledgements Alaska Eskimo Whaling Commission, Captains / Crews Barrow Whaling Captains Association Savoonga Whaling Captains Association North Slope Borough, Wildlife Department Mayors Office, North Slope Borough University of Washington Colorado State University NOAA / National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks – Marine Advisory Program Texas A&M University BP and Conoco-Phillips

24 Igamsiqanaghalek!

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