Presentation on theme: "The Future of Environmental Crime Ecocide: The Missing 5 th Crime Against Peace."— Presentation transcript:
The Future of Environmental Crime Ecocide: The Missing 5 th Crime Against Peace
UNs Global Environmental Outlook 5 (2012): anthropogenic impacts on the Earth System are unprecedented. Scientific agreement that humanity has exceeded at least three planetary boundaries. Ecocide, the extensive destruction of ecosystems; large scale land use change, pollution, open cast mining. The Problem
Ecocide the 5th Crime Against Peace: The extensive damage to, destruction of or loss of ecosystem(s) of a given territory, whether by human agency or by other causes, to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been or will be severely diminished The Solution
Crimes Against Humanity War Crimes Genocide Crimes of Aggression Well-being of all life Crimes Against Peace
Crimes Against Humanity War Crimes Genocide Crimes of Aggression Ecocide Well-being of all life Crimes Against Peace
Human-made Ecocide ExamplesMining, unconventional fossil fuel extraction, deforestation How law works Prevent and restore Superior responsibility Strict liability Triggers UNEPs vision for a green economy Restorative Justice
Ecocide by other causes ExamplesTsunamis, flooding, earthquake How law works Duty of care on states to provide assistance Charter of the UN Article 73: Members of the UN... recognise that the interests of the inhabitants are paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation to promote to the utmost... the well-being of the inhabitants of these territories… Charter of the UN, Article 75: The UN shall establish...an international trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of trust territories.