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Executive Skills A Practical Guide The 1 st Southern Tagalog Symposium on Developmental Disabilities.

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Presentation on theme: "Executive Skills A Practical Guide The 1 st Southern Tagalog Symposium on Developmental Disabilities."— Presentation transcript:

1 Executive Skills A Practical Guide The 1 st Southern Tagalog Symposium on Developmental Disabilities

2 Executive Skills Conductor of an orchestra Conductor of an orchestra Channel selector of TV Channel selector of TV Chairman of the Board Chairman of the Board

3 Role of Executive Skills Meet challenges Meet challenges Accomplish goals Accomplish goals Help decide which tasks to pay attention to, to perform Help decide which tasks to pay attention to, to perform Organize behavior to delay gratification Organize behavior to delay gratification SIMPLY: TO REGULATE BEHAVIOR SIMPLY: TO REGULATE BEHAVIOR

4 Role of Executive Skills Thinking skills to achieve goals and problem solve Thinking skills to achieve goals and problem solve Planning Planning Organization Organization Time management Time management Working memory Working memory Metacognition Metacognition Guiding skills to modify behavior Guiding skills to modify behavior Response inhibition Response inhibition Self-regulation of affect Self-regulation of affect Task initiation Task initiation Flexibilty Flexibilty Goal directed persistence Goal directed persistence

5 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Select and achieve goals Develop problem solutions

6 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Planning - the ability to create a roadmap to reach a goal or complete a task - deciding what is important to focus on (saliency determination) - deciding what is important to focus on (saliency determination)

7 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Organization Organization The ability to arrange or place things according to a system The ability to arrange or place things according to a system

8 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Time management Time management The capacity to estimate: The capacity to estimate: How much time you have How much time you have How to allocate the time you have How to allocate the time you have How to stay with in time limits and meet deadlines How to stay with in time limits and meet deadlines Instilling that a Sense of time Is important!

9 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Working memory Working memory Ability to hold information in the mind while performing complex tasks Ability to hold information in the mind while performing complex tasks Ability to apply previous learning to the lesson at hand for problem solving Ability to apply previous learning to the lesson at hand for problem solving

10 Role of Executive Thinking Skills Modifies your behavior to be able to meet the goals Modifies your behavior to be able to meet the goals Metacognition Metacognition The ability observe yourself in a situation The ability observe yourself in a situation Self-monitoring Self-monitoring

11 Role of Executive Guiding Skills Response inhibition Response inhibition Capacity to think before you act Capacity to think before you act Evaluating how a behavior may impact a situation Evaluating how a behavior may impact a situation

12 Role of Executive Guiding Skills Self-regulation of affect Self-regulation of affect The ability to manage emotions in order to achieve goals, complete tasks, control or direct the behavior The ability to manage emotions in order to achieve goals, complete tasks, control or direct the behavior

13 Role of Executive Guiding Skills Task initiation Task initiation The ability to start a task with out undue procrastination The ability to start a task with out undue procrastination

14 Role of Executive Guiding Skills Flexibility Flexibility The ability to revise in the face of obstacles, new information, mistakes The ability to revise in the face of obstacles, new information, mistakes Being adaptable to changing conditions Being adaptable to changing conditions

15 Role of Executive Guiding Skills Goal-directed persistence Goal-directed persistence Capacity to follow through to the completion of a goal and not to be put off by competing interests and other demands Capacity to follow through to the completion of a goal and not to be put off by competing interests and other demands

16 Role of Executive Thinking and Guiding Skills Not so much for day-to-day habits and routines Not so much for day-to-day habits and routines To help you face new challenges and resolve to pursue a goal To help you face new challenges and resolve to pursue a goal

17 Developmental Tasks Requiring Executive Skills Preschool Preschool Running simple errands (get your shoes from the room) Running simple errands (get your shoes from the room) Pack away things Pack away things Perform simple chores and self- help tasks with reminders Perform simple chores and self- help tasks with reminders Inhibit behaviors: dont touch hot stove, dont run into the street, dont grab, hit, push, etc Inhibit behaviors: dont touch hot stove, dont run into the street, dont grab, hit, push, etc

18 Developmental Tasks Requiring Executive Skills Kindergarten - grade 2 Kindergarten - grade 2 Run errands with 2-3 steps directions Run errands with 2-3 steps directions Tidy room Tidy room Simple chores Simple chores Deciding how to spend money Deciding how to spend money Inhibiting behaviors - follow safety rules, keep hands to self Inhibiting behaviors - follow safety rules, keep hands to self

19 School Related Expectations Requiring Executive Skills Grades Grades Greater demand for sustained concentration Greater demand for sustained concentration Need for enhanced filtering of distractions Need for enhanced filtering of distractions Initial stress on reflection, planning and self-monitoring Initial stress on reflection, planning and self-monitoring Call for persistence and task completion Call for persistence and task completion Stress on consistency control Stress on consistency control

20 School Related Expectations Requiring Executive Skills Grades Grades Less predictable information flow Less predictable information flow Explosion of decontextualized details Explosion of decontextualized details Growing social distractions Growing social distractions Need for attention on low interest topics Need for attention on low interest topics Stress on extended mental effort Stress on extended mental effort Planning and self-regulation is are often demanded Planning and self-regulation is are often demanded

21 School Related Expectations Requiring Executive Skills High school High school Multiple degrees of saliency in information Multiple degrees of saliency in information Heightened attention, memory, language interactions Heightened attention, memory, language interactions Growing affective distraction Growing affective distraction Stress on previewing, pacing and self-monitoring Stress on previewing, pacing and self-monitoring Flexibility of bottom-up/top-down processing Flexibility of bottom-up/top-down processing

22 Keys: PARTNERSHIP + COLLABORATION + OPTIMISM = Successful Learning

23 Reference Dawson P. and Guare R., (2004) Executive Skills in Children and Adolescents, A Practical Guide to Assessment and Intervention, The Guilford Press, New York, NY Dawson P. and Guare R., (2004) Executive Skills in Children and Adolescents, A Practical Guide to Assessment and Intervention, The Guilford Press, New York, NY

24 Thank You!


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