Presentation on theme: "Changes to the welfare system: implications for people with a learning disability Tatu Delaney Regional Campaigns Officer September 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Changes to the welfare system: implications for people with a learning disability Tatu Delaney Regional Campaigns Officer September 2012
Overview Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) & the Work Capability Assessment (WCA) DLA reform – the new Personal Independence Payment (PIP) Wider changes under the Welfare Reform Act 2012: –Housing Benefit changes –A new Universal Credit
Part one – Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and the Work Capability Assessment (WCA)
ESA and the WCA (1) ESA to replace Incapacity Benefit, Income Support (because of a disability), and Severe Disability Allowance. New claims from October 2008, ALL existing claimants from April 2011 – March million people being re-assessed. New assessment underpinning ESA – the WCA. No exempt group as per the previous PCA – small number of exceptions. Likely that many of the people we support will be called in for a face to face assessment with a medical practitioner. If a claimant does not attend the WCA they face a sanction.
ESA and the WCA (2) WCA Limited capability for work? Limited capability for work related activity? Yes Fails the WCA Apply for JSA Yes NoNo Eligible for ESA No Support group Work-related activity group 6 work focused interviews and some work related activity
IB migration - reassessment process 1)Near review date – letter from JCP 2)Telephone call from JCP 3)ESA 50 form 4)WCA (for the majority) – claimants can take a supporter, they can request help with taxi fares, in some cases they may be able to be examined at home 5)A decision maker will telephone to inform claimant of decision they are likely to make
ESA claimants – what will they have to do? 6 work focused interviews –Identify activities or training that may help claimant move towards work Work-related activity –activity which makes it more likely that a person will obtain or remain in work or be able to do so –Welfare Reform Act inserts work experience Take part in Work Programme if required
Implications for people with a learning disability Supportive of broad principles of ESA BUT Too many people being found fit for work Staff training issues – DWP and Atos staff Increased conditionality – but are claimants getting the right support?
Part two – Reform of DLA and the new Personal Independence Payment (PIP)
DLA reform – the proposal Replacement of DLA with the Personal Independence Payment or PIP (working age adults only) Rising caseload and expenditure unsustainable –More enabling – helping people to manage their disability or condition –Periodic review –No automatic entitlement PIP to be introduced 2013/14 – daily living and mobility component To remains a non-means tested, extra costs benefit Context: estimated 500,000 less people will receive PIP than under DLA
Before and after… DLA to PIP PIP DLA CARE component Non- means tested Highest rate £77 MOBILITY component Middle rate £52 Lowest rate £21 Higher rate £54 Lower rate £21 MOBILITY component DAILY LIVING component Enhanced rate Standard rate Automatic entitlement for those with severe learning disabilities Extra costs
DLA to PIP – next steps New assessment being designed – consultation on assessment and thresholds taken place Regulations expected Autumn 2012 (i.e. some of the details – rates, finalised assessment etc) Key dates –April 2013: PIP for new claimants –Autumn 2013 (- 2016): PIP migration
Implications for people with a learning disability Half a million people to lose out Focus on those with the greatest need A threat to independent living? The draft assessment – will it allow people with lower level needs to meet the threshold for eligibility? Will the assessment process work for people with a learning disability? Impact on passported benefits?
Part three – wider changes under the Welfare Reform Act 2012
New size criteria (under occupancy / bed room tax) –450,000 disabled people affected –Some exceptions for those with a social care package including overnight carer Household benefit cap –Upper limit, family: £26k (£500 / week) –Upper limit, single person £19k (£350 / week) –Exemptions – DLA recipient Council Tax Benefit –Outside the Universal Credit –Council discretion, but with Government requirement to achieve 10% cut whilst maintaining concessions for older people Housing Changes
To replace all means-tested support (i.e. Income Support, income-based Jobseekers Allowance, income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Housing Benefit, Child Tax Credit and Working Tax Credit). Aim: improve work incentives (i.e. people are often not better off in work) and to make the system less complicated. Basic allowance + additional elements for disability, children, housing costs etc. First individuals expected to enter the new system from Great in principle, but some issues with the details: –Loss of Severe Disability Premium –Childrens disability additions Universal Credit