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Unit 1, Lesson 2 What Ideas About Civic Life Informed the Founding Generation?

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1, Lesson 2 What Ideas About Civic Life Informed the Founding Generation?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1, Lesson 2 What Ideas About Civic Life Informed the Founding Generation?

2 Civic Virtue Putting the Common Good Before Personal Interests. Putting the Common Good Before Personal Interests.

3 Classical Republicanism The ideals & practices of ancient Greek or Roman city- states The ideals & practices of ancient Greek or Roman city- states emphasized civic participation emphasized civic participation

4 Lessons from Rome Roman republic was stable as long as it remained small & uniform Roman republic was stable as long as it remained small & uniform By 44 BC it had control over vast territories and huge diverse populations. By 44 BC it had control over vast territories and huge diverse populations. It fell due to self-interest = civil war = rise of dictatorship to bring stability. It fell due to self-interest = civil war = rise of dictatorship to bring stability.

5 How can Classical Republicanism work in large diverse communities? Break them up into smaller communities (provinces, states). Break them up into smaller communities (provinces, states). The govt. could inspire civic virtue through citizenship & moral education. The govt. could inspire civic virtue through citizenship & moral education.

6 17 th Ceny Europe… 17 th Century Europe… Experienced wars & rebellions Experienced wars & rebellions Philosophers challenged theory of Divine Right Philosophers challenged theory of Divine Right –that monarchs get authority from God. They looked at humanity within a State of Nature They looked at humanity within a State of Nature

7 State of Nature Abstract: before government Abstract: before government Allows philosophers to analyze… Allows philosophers to analyze… –What is human nature? –What should be the purpose of Government? –Where should government receive its authority?

8 Natural Rights Philosophy Thomas Hobbes & John Locke Thomas Hobbes & John Locke Inspired by English Civil War & Revolution Inspired by English Civil War & Revolution Idea that in a state of nature, people have basic rights to life, liberty, and property. Idea that in a state of nature, people have basic rights to life, liberty, and property. People create governments to protect those rights. People create governments to protect those rights.

9 Thomas Hobbes Humans are naturally violent! Humans are naturally violent! They enter into a social contract and give up rights to an absolute ruler (Leviathan) who maintains peace. They enter into a social contract and give up rights to an absolute ruler (Leviathan) who maintains peace.

10 John Locke Humans are naturally free, equal, and rational. Humans are naturally free, equal, and rational. All people possess unalienable rights! All people possess unalienable rights! They enter a social contract with a government to protects those rights They enter a social contract with a government to protects those rights

11 If a government fails to protect those rights, then the people have a right to overthrow it. If a government fails to protect those rights, then the people have a right to overthrow it. This is the Right of Revolution. This is the Right of Revolution.


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