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One of the most pressing global problems today Mostly from household products 2 to 5 times – and occasionally more than 100 times – higher than outdoor.

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Presentation on theme: "One of the most pressing global problems today Mostly from household products 2 to 5 times – and occasionally more than 100 times – higher than outdoor."— Presentation transcript:

1 One of the most pressing global problems today Mostly from household products 2 to 5 times – and occasionally more than 100 times – higher than outdoor pollutant levels Statistics show that nearly half of the world is affected by indoor air pollution Causes about –35.7% of respiratory tract infections –22% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease –1.5% of trachea, bronchus and lung cancer Indoor Air Pollution

2 Residues of more than 400 toxic chemicals have been identified in human blood and fat tissue A five-year U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study that surveyed 600 homes showed that: –Peak concentrations of 20 toxic compounds were 200 to 500 times higher inside some homes than outdoors –Linked to cancer and birth defects Pesticides –Risk for leukemia increases by 4 to 7 times for children, ages 10 and under Pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and flea collars on pets –Increases risk of childhood brain cancer Indoor Air Pollution

3 Symptoms Runny nose Itchy eyes Scratchy throat Headaches and dizziness Respiratory tract infections Long-term exposure to indoor air pollution Lung cancer Liver and kidney damage Central nervous system damage

4 Personal Care Products e.g. Anti-bacterial Toothpaste, Hand Wash and Shower Gel Triclosan Triclosan mixed with chlorinated water releases chloroform. When absorbed through the skin, chloroform may cause depression, liver disorder and even cancer.

5 Personal Care Products e.g. Anti-bacterial Toothpaste, Hand Wash and Shower Gel Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) Prolonged contact may lead to urinary tract and vaginal inflammation and infection Animal tests show: – Eye damage, depression, labored breathing, diarrhea, severe skin irritation and corrosion, and even death Research shows that long-term exposure to SLS may increase cancer risk – A concentration of more than 0.01% of SLS leads to cell death

6 Household Cleaning Products e.g. Dishwashing Liquid, Washing Powder, Toilet Detergent, Tile/Glass Cleaning Liquid Formaldehyde Highly irritating Allergen Headaches, nausea, chest tightness, eye pain, palpitations, insomnia, forgetfulness Prolonged exposure during pregnancy may cause birth defects and even fetal death Animal tests show that inhaling high concentrations may lead to nasopharyngeal cancer Sustained release of 3 to 15 years

7 Dry Cleaning Tetrachloroethylene Naphthalene Benzene Formaldehyde Trichloroethylene Carcinogenic

8 Indoor Furnishings e.g. Carpet, Paint, Wood Lacquer Grime and dust Tetrachloroethylene Irritating and toxic to central nervous system and respiratory system Turpentine Easily absorbed through skin Eye irritation, headache, dizziness and vomiting Breathing or swallowing it causes kidney and bladder irritation Volatile Organic Compounds Carcinogenic

9 Garden Pesticides, and Flea, Tick and Lice Inhibitors Lindane Carcinogenic May trigger epilepsy in rare circumstances May even cause death

10 Shoe and Furniture Polish Turpentine Easily absorbed through skin Eye irritation, headache, dizziness and vomiting Breathing or swallowing it causes kidney and bladder irritation Nitrobenzene Toxic to reproductive and central nervous systems Absorbed through skin

11 Air Fresheners Isopar A toxic substance widely used by manufacturers p-Dichlorobenzene Toxic to liver and kidneys Carcinogenic Methylene dichloride A propellant used in many aerosol products Carcinogenic Naphthalene and Formaldehyde Carcinogens

12 Essential Oils Earliest mention in 1188 Distilled from flowers, leaves and fruit skins Aroma from natural botanical essences Calming and relaxing effects; help to boost concentration Improve blood circulation Activate cells Increase metabolism Restore balance to the body

13 How Aroma Affects the Human Body Travels through olfactory nerve to the brain Stimulates brain to secrete endorphins and enkephalins Produces a relaxing effect Absorbed through skin Absorbed and carried by tissue fluid between cells Only a few types of essential oil e.g. mint can be absorbed through skin

14 Staying Happy and Relaxed Helps to: Increase immunity Improve digestion Boost concentration Improve sleep quality

15 Natural Aromas LavenderMelts away stress; soothing LemongrassLifts moods and boosts concentration RoseUplifting and inspires joy and happiness JasmineSoothing and revitalizing Green AppleLifts moods and enhances vitality MintRefreshing; prevents dizziness; cooling and relieves pain

16 Essential Oil Extraction Methods Distillation Expression Supercritical Fluid Extraction

17 Distillation Most common essential oil extraction method Hot steam helps to release aromatic molecules from plant material, which evaporate into the steam Passed through a condenser to separate water and essential oil Essential oil Condensed steamHydrosol

18 Distillation

19 Essential Oils Extracted By Distillation Rose Jasmine Lavender Peppermint Lemongrass

20 Expression ExpressionSkin, pulp or seeds Obtains a mixture of water and oil High-speed centrifugationSeparates water and oil

21 Essential Oils Extracted By Expression Lemon Sweet orange Tangerine Grapefruit

22 One of the most advanced extraction techniques Supercritical fluidcarbon dioxide Critical Point31.3 C, 72.9 atm Superior penetration Excellent solvent Safe and non-toxic Non-flammable Non-explosive Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE)

23 Effectively separates, extracts and purifies High efficacy and not easily oxidized Natural and does not cause chemical pollution Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE)

24

25 Essential Oils Extracted By Supercritical Fluid Extraction Rose 1,500 to 2,500 kilograms of roses to extract one kilogram of essential oil Lavender 200 kilograms of lavender to extract one kilogram of essential oil (Distillation)

26 Aqua Essence Essential oils + Hydrosol from steam distillation

27 Grapefruit, Lily of the Valley, Jasmine

28 Bergamot, Apple, Jasmine

29 Lavender, Rosemary, White Sandalwood

30 Osmanthus, Rose, Violet

31 Aqua EssenceElemente Essential Oils TextureRefreshing, aqueous texture Concentrated oil ScentRefreshingly lightConcentrated Scent TypeBlendSingle note Method(s) of Use SprayAromatherapy Water mixed spray Massage Bath water Aqua Essence vs. Elemente Essential Oils

32 Fragrance Common Uses of Aqua Essence

33 Air Common Uses of Aqua Essence

34 Clothes Common Uses of Aqua Essence

35 Hair Common Uses of Aqua Essence

36 Pillow Common Uses of Aqua Essence


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