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The encoding of adjectives in the Dutch semantic database CORNETTO LREC, Marrakech 28-29-30 May 2008 Isa Maks 1 Piek Vossen 1, 2, Roxane Segers 1 Hennie.

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Presentation on theme: "The encoding of adjectives in the Dutch semantic database CORNETTO LREC, Marrakech 28-29-30 May 2008 Isa Maks 1 Piek Vossen 1, 2, Roxane Segers 1 Hennie."— Presentation transcript:

1 The encoding of adjectives in the Dutch semantic database CORNETTO LREC, Marrakech May 2008 Isa Maks 1 Piek Vossen 1, 2, Roxane Segers 1 Hennie van der Vliet 1 1: Faculty of Arts, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam 2: Irion Technologies, Delft

2 LREC, Marrakech May Presentation Overview The project Cornetto: overview The semantic Database: Cornetto The encoding of general language adjectives in Cornetto problems and solutions A possible strategy for disambiguating adjective senses with the help of the Cornetto database and the ontology

3 LREC, Marrakech May Project Cornetto Financed by NTU Dutch Language Union STEVIN: Dutch Flemish Research Programme for Dutch Lanuage and Speech Technology ( ) Consortium partners VUA (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, General Linguistics Department) UvA (University of Amsterdam, Informatics Institute) K.U. Leuven (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Computer Science) Irion Technologies BV Delft Results  the Cornetto Database : a semantic database for Dutch Lexical Acquisition Toolkit Domain Acquisition Toolkit

4 4 Dutch Wordnet Referentie Bestand Nederlands English Wordnet (PWN) SUMO (KIF) Align/Merge Cornetto Entry -Lexical Unit -Synset -PWN-pointer -SUMO term COmbinatorial Relational NEtwork voor Taal Toepassingen Manual Correction 1.Automatic Alignment 2.Manual Correction entries generic and central part of the language

5 5 antonym near-syn

6 LREC, Marrakech May Combining existing resources Automatic Alignment LUs and Synsets Manual Correction of most frequent entries - Adding missing senses - Correcting conflicts - Editing synsets Linking to SUMO, PWN

7 LREC, Marrakech May Adjectives-problems Adjectives in general what is the real meaning of an adjective? a warm coat, warm water DWN adjective synsets not corrected manually large fuzzy synsets bad alignment with English Wordnet bad alignment with SUMO SUMO not tested for adjective concepts the alignment between SUMO and the PWN adjectives is corrected manually only for few cases - > the ontology is not complete

8 LREC, Marrakech May Adjectives-solution Using an existing classification for Adjectives (Hundsnurscher & Splett, 1982) coverage of 500 most frequent adjectives descriptional framework for all adjectives in German lexicographic approach used (and tested) in Germanet Merging with SUMO coverage of all general language concepts rich hierarchy axioms formal definitions

9 LREC, Marrakech May Merging H&S and SUMO H&SSUMO perception-related PerceptionalAttribute material-related PhysicalAttribute body-related ++ spirit-related ++ character/behaviour TraitAttribute mood-related EmotionalState relational RelationalAttribute evaluative NormativeAttribute temporality-related ++ social-related RelationalAttribute material-related TextureAttribute SaturationAttribute ConsistencyAttribute PurityAttribute GravityAttribute..

10 10 SUMO’s Attribute hierarchy

11 11

12 LREC, Marrakech May SubjectiveAssessmentAttribute SUMO most PWN adjectives -> SubjectiveAssessmentAttribute he is a good cook, this is a complete failure  OK a friendly woman, a heavy bag  ? Cornetto friendly TraitAttribute heavy GravityAttribute good PositiveEvaluationAttribute ( subsumed by SubjectiveAssessmentA) Ex.: Sense 1: aardig (kind) een aardige man (a kind man)TraitAttribute Sense 2: aardig (rather good) een aardig boek (a nice book)PositiveEvaluationAttribute

13 LREC, Marrakech May ‘Word sense Disambiguation’ Can we make use of the ontology to disambiguate between Emotion- related and Temperature-related senses (of one word) ? kil (1)(chilly, cold) TemperatureAttribute een kille zomeravond (a chilly summer evening) kil (2) (chilly, unfriendly) TraitAttribute een kille moeder (a cold mother) warm (1)(warm, hot) TemperatureAttribute het water is nog warm (the water is still warm) warm (2) (cordial, warm) TraitAttribute een warme begroeting (a warm greeting)

14 LREC, Marrakech May 2008 Cornetto Workshop, VU, June, 7th TraitAttribute SUMO Term attributed to the Noun chilly, unfriendly kille blik (look)FacialExpression kille begroeting (greeting)Greeting kille reactie (reaction)Expressing kille vijandigheid (hostility)ViolentContest kille berekening (calculation)Expressing kille woede (anger)EmotionalState kille passie (passion)EmotionalState kille sfeer (atmosphere)PsychologicalAttribute warm, cordial warme ontvangst (reception)Greeting warme steun (support)Cooperating warm applaus (applause)Expressing warm contact (contact)Communication uit een warm hart (heart)EmotionalState warme gevoelens (feelings)PsychologicalAttribute

15 LREC, Marrakech May SocialInteraction, PsychologicalAttribute SocialInteractionCommunicationexpressinggreetinggesturefacialexpressionCooperationContestViolentContest SocialInteraction (Noun) + TraitAttribute (ADJ) PsychologicalAttributeEmotionalStateCogniitiveAttribute PsychologicalAttribute (Noun) + TraitAttribute (ADJ)

16 LREC, Marrakech May TemperatureAttribute SUMO Term chilly, cold kille tocht (draught)GasMotion kille wind(wind)Wind kil marmer (marble)Mineral kille zomerdag(summer day)Day kille lucht (air) Air warm, hot warme zomer (summer)SeasonOfYear warm water (water)Water warm koffie (coffee)Food warm eten (food)Food warme jas (coat)Clothing warme junimaand (month)Month warm sopje (soapsuds)Water

17 LREC, Marrakech May Substance, TimePeriod, GasMotion,.. SubstancePureSubstance CompoundSubs tance WaterFoodBeverageCoffeeMineral Substance (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ) GasMotionWind TimePeriod (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ) TimePeriodDaySeasonOfYearMonth GasMotion (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ)

18 LREC, Marrakech May So.. If an adjective has 2 senses and 1 is related to emotion and the other to temperature then SocialInteraction (Noun) + TraitAttribute (ADJ) PsychologicalAttribute (Noun) + TraitAttribute (ADJ) Substance (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ) TimePeriod (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ) GasMotion (Noun) + TemperatureAttribute (ADJ)

19 LREC, Marrakech May More Information Cornetto project Cornetto project Cornetto Database: Licensed from TST-centrale, Nederlandse Taalunie (by September 2008) SUMO

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