CAPHRI Day - April 3 rd 20122 Imagine...... I invite you to come to my house tonight! How could I guide you to get there? Think of any possibility... no limits!
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 20123 What if...... there are limits! You have: A tight budget Limited time Personal limits To learn how to get there yourself What would change in how I guide you to get there?
5 Some facts Graduation rates for PhD Programmes – Delays are common < 30% finishes within deadline – Some never graduate 4 – 16 % dropout estimate Causes for delay or dropout – Procedural problems supervision, candidate aptitude – Practical problems data collection, delimitation Ideas about supervision – Subject expertise is the most important factor – Peer exchange not necessary, unless you have issues
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 20126 Common PhD problems reasons for delay Productrelated – Tunnelvision - Lack of limitation – Lack of focus- Unclear about direction Processrelated – Timemanagement- Conflicting supervisors – Insecurity- Private issues – Relationship with supervisor
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 20127 Common supervision problems reasons for delay Lack of process management and coaching – Insufficient contact time – Only product related feedback Position of PhD candidate – Dependence – independence paradox – Candidate torn between conflicted supervisors Lack of commitment or interest – Cancelling appointments – Lack of active interest in PhD´s research track
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 20128 Points of Interest A good project start PhD candidate´s individual needs Relationship development with supervisor
10 A good project start Thorough recruitment and selection Thorough project plan Agreements and clarity on – formal structure – roles, expectations and responsibilities – moments of evaluation
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201211 Range of development for PhD candidates Life stage Relationship with supervisor(s) Self-confidence Skills in research and writing Network Career development
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201212 The need for guidance expected model time Project guidance 3 yrs supervisor PhD candidate Source: Heinze Oost
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201213 PhD candidate motivation time motivation 3 yrs ideal reality Source: Heinze Oost
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201214 Reality Paradox time Source: Heinze Oost 3 yrs PhD candidate supervisor
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201215 Relationship Development Get to know each other – Personality, ambitions, competences, etc. – Be explicit on interdependency and stakes – Involve everyone in the project team Be aware of shifting needs for supervision – Quality and quantity Evaluate process and supervision regularly
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201216 Practical Pitfalls Supervisor for supervision meetings Monologue on subject not listening Focus solely on contents No meeting agenda Sudden shifts of advise, method or plans Shallow problem analysis Solution orientation taking over Cancelling (parts of) meetings
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201217 Quality Supervision... … is also process-oriented (not just product) … is based on expertise and personal relation … includes training on the job … is included in contract & planning … is available and committed (time, attention) … is sensitive to (changing) individual needs … includes regular evaluations
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201218 How to supervise with results Learning approach to supervisor’s role Dedicate time and attention Follow the ‘Golden Rules’
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201219 Learning Approach Share experiences with fellow supervisors – Organise intervision opportunities Actively search for feedback – Supervision on performance interview agenda Follow courses – UM Course: ‘Supervision of PhD Candidates’
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201220 Ten Golden Rules for supervisors 1.Get to know your PhD candidate – as a person 2.Discuss mutual expectations regarding supervision 3.Make a project plan together with your PhD candidate 4.Separate responsibilities for the research project 5.Evaluate project plan as well as supervision – on a regular basis 6.Be available and reliable 7.Know that support needs may shift – no linear learning curve 8.Organise or stimulate peer support – for the PhD candidate 9.Share and open up your network 10.Share supervision experiences with other supervisors
CAPHRI Day - April 3rd 201221 Ten Golden Rules for PhD Candidates 1.You’re stakeholder #1 in your project – be the captain of your ship 2.Discuss mutual expectations about supervision 3.Get an overview – make a project plan with your supervisors 4.Manage your time well – and make sure you do it your way 5.Work hard, play hard 6.Ask for what you need – and address it if you don’t get it 7.Make use of all available sources of support 8.Organise peer support 9.Invest in your future – build network, expand activities and skills 10.Remember you’re smart – Yes You Can!