Presentation on theme: "Youth and Family Centres in The Netherlands Caroline Vink The Netherlands Youth Institute 28-02-2012."— Presentation transcript:
Youth and Family Centres in The Netherlands Caroline Vink The Netherlands Youth Institute
The Evolution, Implementation and Effectiveness of Youth and Family Centres
The Netherlands •half the size of Ireland •16.7 mln inhabitants • children 0 – 18 •22% of population •1 mln immigrants •first-time mothers - 29 year
Child and Youth Policy in the Netherlands •0 – 18 (25) years •1 in 5 has an ethnic minority background •Decentralised responsibilities •Youth-at-risk model (distinction between preventive, general services and youth care/protection) •Total transition of care to local level ( )
Increase of children and young people in specialised care Child andYouth care Average growth rate: ± 7.4% a year Special education Average growth rate: ± 17.5% a year Mental health care Average growth rate: ± 12.5% a year
The reason behind the youth and family centres •Several evalutions of the Dutch child policy and protection system •Too much focus at risk •Fragmented support system •Gap between universal services and child protection •Ministry for Youth and Families 2007 – 2010 •2008 – 2011 Youth and Family Centres in all 405 Dutch municipalities
Priorities Youth and Family Centres (local level) Basic Model A. Child and youth healthcare –Child health clinics and municipal health services B. Five Functions stipulated in the Social Support Act on parenting support –Information and guidance –Identification of problems –Guidance to help –Minor pedagogical help –Coordination of care –Including social work, family coaching and parenting support C. Link to Youth Care Agency (entrance care system) D. Link to School Care and Advice Teams
The Dutch Youth and Family Centre does not exist! Child and youth healthcare Parenting Support Youth Advice Coordination of Care/ Referral Link with universal services Children, Youth and Families Link with Child Protection
Youth and Family Centres 15 May February 2012
Challenges and Lessons Learned •The dilemma of too early or too late? •Needs and dialogue •The normalisation of support •Integrated working •Role of national and local government and partners •The European perspective
Too early or too late? •Balancing universal and specialised services: do youth and family centres close the gap? •Dilemma’s of early intervention: in whose interest? •The need for a care continuum •Evidence - output or outcome?
Parenting Support Programes in the Netherlands: a few examples Triple PKaleidoscoop (High Scope) Opstapje Home Start Drukke kinderen Homeparty Moeders informeren moeders Basic Trustmethode Als het misgaat... bel ik jou Horizonmethodiek Beter Omgaan met PubersBemoeizorg in de jeugdgezondheidszorg Gordon-cursus "Effectief omgaan met kinderen” Opvoeden & zo Jij bent belangrijk (JBB) Ouder-baby interventie Peuter in Zicht! Groepsmediatietherapie voor ouders met kinderen met ADHD KopOpOuders Online Moeders informeren Moeders (MIM) Kortdurende Video-Hometraining (K-VHT) in gezinnen met jonge kinderen Opstandige kinderen: een compleet oudertrainingsprogramma OUDERS van tegendraadse jeugd Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) Praten met kinderen Stap voor StapSignalering en PReventieve INTerventie bij antisociaal gedrag (SPRINT) Stevig Ouderschap (OKé - Ouder- en Kindzorg extra) Voorzorg (Family Nurse Partnership) Vaardigheden Voor Ouders (VVO)Veiligheidsinformatiekaarten Video-feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD)
Needs and dialogue •Do Dutch parents visit the youth and family centres? •Who is in charge of the process? •Managing the best interest of the child and keeping parents aboard •Partnership with parents
The normalisation of support •Positive parenting vs. being a bad parent •Free choice? •Nothing about us without us!
Integrated Working •Who are the children’s services? •One family, one plan •Duty to cooperate? •Managing expectations •Hiding behind confidentiality
Role of national and local government and partners •National frameworks and/or local realities? •Monitoring role •Coordination and provision of services •Evidence and knowledge based
European perspectives •Examples of closing the gap of universal and specialised services •Progressive universalism •Helping parents where their children are •Systemic solutions for keeping children out of care? •Is change possible during economic crisis? •Do we need a European perspective?
Thank you! European conference on parenting support :