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ICDS Strengthening – Good Practices

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1 ICDS Strengthening – Good Practices
Women & Child Development Department Government of Odisha

2 SettinG the CONTEXT

3 Setting the context: ICDS at a glance 71,306 AWCs (10,216 Mini AWCs)
338 Projects (20 Urban Projects) 46.5 lakh beneficiaries (approx) Odisha reflected highest decline (10 pc points) in Underweight between NFHS-2 to 3 NFHS-3 Concurrent monitoring shows further reduction in under nutrition during recent years

4 Setting the context: Odisha ranks 8th in the country on “Composite ICDS Implementation Index” developed by Central Monitoring Unit of NIPCCD based on the data collected through Supervision & Monitoring of ICDS Scheme Evaluation Report on ICDS by PEO, Planning Commission, (March 2011) Odisha is a High Performing state Good Performer (> 80%) frequency of Delivery of SNP Quick Evaluation Study of Major Developmental Programmes in 33 districts affected by LWE by PEO, Planning Commission ( ) High level of satisfaction among respondents for AWC services in LWE districts of Odisha

5 ICDS Strengthening Initiatives

6 ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Decentralization of SNP through Community engagement MAMATA Revised Pre-School package – Nua Arunima Weighing scales, WHO New GS Plotting Registers, MCP Card Hygiene Kit, Uniform for Pre-school AWC construction – BALA buildings, tubewell, child friendly toilet Life cycle approach, with specific focus on 1000 Days Shakti Varta – Women empowerment through PLA ICDS systems- Guidelines & Checklist, Uniform, Computer, broadband, PA, etc Nutrition Operation Plan 6

7 ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Decentralization of SNP through Community engagement 7

8 Universalisation of community engagement in nutrition provision – The Odisha Model
Effective April 2011, decentralization of ICDS Feeding Programme was rolled out across the state – all AWCs / Projects / Districts 8

9 Paradigm Shift The new system recognizes
Directions of the Hon'ble Supreme Court Important role of local communities and institutions in service delivery Doing away with the involvement of contractors/ commercial interests in food for ICDS Transparency and accountability at all levels Quality and priority to local palate/choice Emphasis on meeting protein and calorie norms within the ration cost Ensure that the nutritional supplement goes to the intended beneficiary and not entered into the family kitty Empowering WSHGs Focus on entitlement and monitoring at all levels

10 Type of SNP provided* Take Home Ration (THR)
6 months to 3 years 6 months to 3 years (severely malnourished) 3 years to 6 years (severely malnourished) P&L Women RTE consisting of Wheat, Bengal Gram, Ground Nuts & Sugar (Locally known as Chhatua) one packet (Net kg) every 15 days One boiled egg per week to be consumed under observation at AWC every Wednesday or raw eggs to be shared Chhatua one packet (Net kg) every 15 days Two boiled eggs per week to be consumed under observation at AWC every Wednesday and Saturday or raw eggs to be shared Chhatua one packet (Net kg) every 15 days 1 packet Rasi Ladoo (100 gm) every month MS & HCM as per menu Chhatua one packet (Net kg) every 15 days *Further adapted from 1st July 2013, as per the revised cost norms

11 Type of SNP provided* Hot Cooked Meal (HCM)
Types of food 6 months to 3 years 3 years to 6 years P&L Women Morning Snacks NA Monday and Thursday – Sprouted Mung Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday – Chuda Ladoo Hot cooked meal Monday and Thursday – Rice, Dalma (Dal & Vegetables) Tuesday – Rice and Soya Chunk curry Wednesday, Friday & Saturday – Rice and egg curry *Further adapted from 1st July 2013, as per the revised cost norms

12 Progress on Decentralisation
Stakeholders Dept. of Women and Child Development Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoI State Administration District Administration, Women Self Help Groups (WSHGs) Jaanch Committee / Mothers Committee All beneficiaries (pregnant women, lactating mothers, children below 6 years of age & adolescent girls in nine districts) Funding Mechanism As per ICDS norms of Central-State share No extra cost, no startup cost, no maintenance cost. The entire model is self-sustained on its existing budget.

13 Progress on Decentralisation
Coordination & convergence Mechanism With allied agencies such as Mission Shakti, Tripti, ORMAS, NRLM, OTELP, WORLP for grading and selection of SHGs for RTE/Chhatua preparation Partners in implementation District administration was the key implementer ICDS machinery Development partners

14 Progress on Decentralisation
From 1st April 2011 Transparency : Joint accounts Prior verification of all beneficiaries Publication of Entitlement charts Photographs of Jaanch Committee members and Mothers Committee members at AWC E- transfers into joint account

15 Progress on Decentralisation
Involvement of local communities Monthly monitoring at GP level Jaanch Committee Mothers Committee

16 Progress on Decentralisation
Quality : Storage of food stuff not more than one week Oil and soya Agmark certified quality check for dal, eggs and rice Egg to Pre-School children Egg to THR beneficiaries Orientation on the process of cooking maintaining the nutritive value

17 Progress on Decentralisation
Monitoring : Control rooms for grievance Control room numbers on all flex boards on displaying the entitlement State and district level squads Local publicity- CD & guidelines developed & distributed in Oriya Sensitisation of PRI members

18 Progress on Decentralisation
Local procurement 3 eggs per week to Pre-School children; 2 eggs per week to Pregnant/Lactating; 1 egg per week to severely malnourished child (6 months to 3 years) Severely malnourished 3-6 years – HCM & THR Capacity building of AWWs and AWHs THR by SHGs

19 Decentralization Reviews
PEO- LWE districts- level of satisfaction 95% and above Social Audit by NGO group (November 2011, 7 districts) 88% respondents were of the opinion that the Pre-School activities are going on six days a week in their respective AWCs 71% respondents were of the opinion that the Menu Chart is followed 89% respondents said that Egg is given once every week

20 DR. N. C. SAXENA, COMMISSIONER AND HARSH MANDER, SPECIAL COMMISSIONER OF THE SUPREME COURT IN THE CASE: PUCL v. UOI & Ors. WRIT PETITION (Civil) No. 196 of 2001 We appreciate the efforts made by the department to decentralize the production of the Supplementary nutrition in ICDS involving the community through the local women’s groups. We have been recommending the model being pursued by your state to several other states as part of engaging communities in nutrition provisions and doing away with the involvement of contractors/ commercial interests in food for ICDS. As mentioned by you over the last year, you have taken out several guidelines to strengthen the process of involving the community in ICDS. Please do share the progress reports on the same and any other independent evaluations done on the initiative. We would also like to have 25 copies of this initiative sent to our office to disseminate further as a good practice to be followed by other states.

21 Learning and Takeaways
Provisioning of food stuff meeting calorie and protein norm within the ration cost is difficult but possible Contractors and middle-men can be removed from the system of provisioning of supplementary nutrition in government programming Engaging community in nutrition provisioning is possible (Jaanch Committees and joint account of AWWs with Ward Members/Councillors/Corporators) Finally, a model that is replicable at scale and through government mechanism.

22 ICDS Strengthening Initiatives

23 MAMATA 23

24 Chronology of events MAMATA scheme* launch on 5th September, 2011 Launch of e-Transfer of funds to beneficiary account on 19th October, 2011 Extending the MAMATA scheme coverage to Urban areas on 15th August 2012 The scheme benefits have reached more than a million women across the state, a major milestone, in September 2013 * IGMSY is implemented in the two districts of Bargarh and Sundergarh. In these two districts, the state government provides the fourth installment

25 MAMATA GOALS Contribute to reducing maternal and infant mortality.
Improve the health and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating mothers and their infants. OBJECTIVES To provide partial wage loss compensation for pregnant and nursing mothers. To increase utilization of maternal and child health services. To improve mother and child care practices, especially exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding of infants.

26 MAMATA TARGET GROUP Pregnant women aged 19 yrs and above
for the first 2 live births except Central/State govt. or PSU employees and their wives (age, no. of live births and employment is self certified) COVERAGE All projects (338) in 30 districts covering Tribal, Rural and Urban areas in two phases, first rural and then urban

27 MAMATA CASH TRANSFER & TRANCHES 1500 1000 Cash Transfer When
Amount (in Rs.) Modalities First At the end of the second trimester of pregnancy 1500 Disbursed through the CDPO office Second 3 months after delivery Third 6 months after delivery 1000 Fourth 9 months after delivery

28 MAMATA 1000 Cash Transfer Conditions Amount (in Rs.)
Means of Verification Fourth( 9 months after delivery) Measles vaccine has been given before the child is one year old . Vitamin A first dose has been given before the child is one year old. Age specific appropriate complementary feeding has started and is continuing. Child is weighed at least two times between six months to nine months of age. 1000 MCP card Self certification on MCP Card.

29 MAMATA Stakeholders Dept. of Women and Child Development, GoO
Dept. of Health & Family Welfare/NRHM, GoO Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoI Dept. of Finance, GoO State Bank of India State Administration District Administration, Jaanch Committee / Mothers Committee All beneficiaries Funding Mechanism All four tranches from State Budget for 28 districts out of 30 districts in the state 4th tranche from State Budget for the remaining 2 districts in the state First 3 tranches for 2 districts from Ministry of Women and Child Development, GoI

30 MAMATA Coordination & convergence Mechanism Partners in implementation
Has ensured better coordination and convergence between ICDS with Health Department, Banks, Panchayati Raj Department and other stakeholders Partners in implementation District administration -- the key implementer ICDS machinery Development partners

Anganwadi Workers plays pivotal role in the scheme implementation for Timely registration of Pregnant women at the AWCs Facilitate opening of Bank account in favour of the beneficiary Complete registration documentations -- Beneficiary Undertaking with photograph and Follow-up on the services Incentives to AWW and AWH Rs.200 : AWW ; Rs.100: AWH per beneficiary on disbursement of all installments

32 MAMATA SERVICE DELIVERY MECHANISM Additional staff State level- PMU
Additional staff at district level Additional staff of one each at project (one Programme Assistant) Infrastructure Computer, Printer, Scanner, UPS, external drives Broadband connections

All CDPOs, DSWOs trained on use of Computers and application with special focus on internet All CDPOs and Programme Assistants trained on cyber security All ICDS Supervisors, CDPOs, POs & DSWOs trained on the scheme and its implementation, using Video Conference facility Regular Video Conferences held with scheme managers across the state to review the progress made and also for dissemination of critical administrative decisions

34 Undertaking by the beneficiary and her husband/guardian on age, live birth, employment and on use of the cash benefit

35 Photocopy of first page of passbook is a critical instrument in the fund transfer

36 MCP Card MCP Card is the means of verification for conditionalities and service uptake Joint use of the same MCP card by AWW and ANM ensures better field level service convergence MCP Cards are supplied by Health, and issued by AWWs immediately on registration to all Pregnant Women

37 MAMATA beneficiaries with the AWW displaying MCP (Mother & Child Protection) Card

38 Fund Flow and Disbursement
Department of W&CD, GoO MAMATA Special Nodal Account at State HQ ICDS Project Office MAMATA Special Account at ICDS Project level Beneficiary Bank Account of MAMATA Beneficiary No payments are made in cash or by cheque (No cheque book has been issued for any of the Mamata Accounts)

39 MODE OF PAYMENT MAMATA Scheme has embraced Corporate Internet Banking services offered by State Bank of India, namely VISTAAR

40 MODE OF PAYMENT 4-Eyes concept (Uploader-Authoriser) concept is used for proper validation and authorization. The Programme Assistant uploads the data (Self Declaration Form along with the photograph and photocopy of the first page of bank passbook is submitted by the AWW to the Project office) The beneficiary data is validated by the Administrator and then the fund transfers (e-Cheques) are authorised by the Authoriser. CDPOs are the Administrators and Authorizers Second factor authentication i.e., Mobile services (SMS) are used for sending the authorisation code to the Authorisers

41 MODE OF PAYMENT The choice of use of e-Transfer (Corprate Internet Banking) has impacted MAMATA programme implementation in the following ways: It has ensured a transparent mechanism It has ensured time-bound service delivery, critical to the objectives of the scheme It has reduced bottlenecks in service delivery and removed any form of intermediaries It has made service delivery more accountable, as it is easily monitored.

42 Mamata Progress Total Coverage*: 10.78 lakh women
(0.87 lakh IGMSY coverage) 5.09 lakh beneficiaries have exited from the scheme *including IGMSY Upto Sept 2013

43 Total Fund transferred to Beneficiaries
Rs Crores transferred to bank accounts of beneficiaries upto Sept 2013 from State Fund Rs Crores IGMSY Rs Crores

44 Monitoring

45 Monitoring and supervision
The monitoring and supervision mechanism set up under the ICDS at all levels is used for this scheme. Everyone is mandated to check specific no of cases sponsored by AWW Category of Official Schedule/ Proposed requirement Programme Assistants 30 cases / month Supervisor 20 cases / month CDPO DPMU (MAMATA) 50 cases / month. Programme Officer DSWO

46 Role of Jaanch Committee/ GKS / Mothers committee
Calendar display of beneficiaries with amount received in every AWC Jaanch Committee check the veracity of the “display of beneficiaries with amount” in the specified format with the Mamata Register kept with the AWW

47 Online Checking as Super-User
State Officials, Collectors and SPMU track fund flow and disbursement of every single Mamata account ONLINE as Super Enquirer Fund requirement for projects are calculated by State through this review process

48 Online MIS Software Web based MIS developed
Uploading the Web based software at State Data Centre under progress Masters developed and under checking/scrutiny Back data updation is under progress Launch of software for use soon

49 Online MIS Software Software customized for different layers of functionaries “WEB BASED” module, with “OFFLINE” data entry at the project/block level and online “Updation” to the central server “ONLINE” output and report generation only from the server database All intermediate outputs for generating the E-Cheques for SBI CINB (Beneficiary File and Transaction File) to be generated from the software

50 Online MIS Software Local terminal and database should be only for data entry, uploading and saving outputs/reports generated from the server database. Reports to be generated by each AWC Provision for SMS alerts Every Single beneficiary shall be tracked

51 CDPOs being trained on different aspects of computer usage and applications

52 Beneficiaries displaying updated Bank Passbook reflecting MAMATA fund

53 Beneficiary displaying updated Bank Passbook reflecting MAMATA fund

54 Learning and Takeaways
Mamata scheme brings “woman at the core of the policy implementation” and has been implemented at scale, using government machinery, requiring minimal startup cost, ensuring good governance, has potential for replication at other states.  Fund is transferred into single savings bank accounts of women, ensuring any withdrawal of money will require woman’s consent. This has also ensured Financial Inclusion of women (Zero-Frills-Zero-Balance accounts) The features that make the practice replicable includes: developing a self sustaining infrastructure, capable PMU, motivating field-level workers, community ownership and participation, and improved infrastructural & technological innovations with ICT use.

55 ICDS Strengthening Initiatives
Revised Pre-School package – Nua Arunima 55

56 Nua Arunima: A new methodology for Pre-School Education
The revised package was launched on 29th April 2013 Rolled out across the state – all AWCs /Projects/ Districts

57 Context Early childhood, care and education critical for school preparedness, retention and improved learning in subsequent grades Right to Education Act recommends ECCE by ‘appropriate Government’ for 3-6 year age group Integrated service delivery of pre-school convergence with elementary education Draft ECCE Policy in process by the WCD department Pre school attendance increasing.

58 Process State Resource Group- Review of preschool curriculum
and content- Gap analysis and feedback Inter-state workshop - approaches/ideas from other states on strengthening preschool education State Level Consultation on preschool education Review of materials and finalization of framework age appropriate norms and standards Workshops for package development with experts, AWWs, CDPOs Vetting of materials by national level experts

59 Socio-emotional/ Adjustment Curiosity/ Creativity
Components ECE Health habits Socio-emotional/ Adjustment Intellectual Physical-motor Curiosity/ Creativity Language

60 Curriculum focus More child-centered; Thematic activities:
Me, my family and community Immediate environment Nature and weather Health and safety Building a bridge between home and center Free conversation, action songs, storytelling, play and construction activities and nature walks Emphasis on pre-reading, pre-writing and pre-number skills

61 The pre school package Bell Uniform Toy bank Community involvement
AWC leaving certificate Childrens day- 14th Nov Parents meeting- 1st May, 1st September Grandparents day- 1st October Local vocations, institutions

62 Materials Handbook for AWW
with month-wise activity schedule for 12 months Quarterly age-wise developmental indicators for assessing and demonstrating development in children 2 age appropriate workbooks Adaptation of Nua Arunima in 10 tribal languages by OPEPA promoting mother tongue based school readiness . Illustrated daily-plan for the AWC Monitoring format and certificate for attending AWC Training DVDs and Audio CD All materials available in DWCD website and encouraged for use by all agencies, individuals institutions.

63 Handbook

64 Nua-Arunima adapted in ten tribal languages
Koya, Kui, Kuvi, Juanga, Saura, Santhali, Kissan, Munda, Oraon and Bonda

65 Workbook Part I & II


67 Theme based training video
(One for each month)

68 Audio CD of Prak Vidyalaya

69 Play the MOVIE NOW

70 Nua Arunima Funding mechanism
All components of Pre-school package developed from state fund First lot of materials to the children from state funds Partners in implementation District administration -- the key implementer ICDS machinery Development partners

71 Outcome Nua Arunima has just been launched. It is still not in any stage to show initial outcome. Nua Arunima definitely has the potential to be a Good Practice

72 Thank you

73 Template Year of starting of Best Practice –
Location (s) where the practice is implemented – Objectives being/ to be achieved – Implementation phases/stages – Partners during implementation – Funding mechanism – Coordination & convergence mechanism during implementation – Evaluation mechanism (if any) – Results of implementation – Lessons learnt – Suggestions for further improvement –

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