Presentation on theme: "RDA and Scores Mary Huismann University of Minnesota"— Presentation transcript:
1 RDA and Scores Mary Huismann University of Minnesota We will be looking at description related to scores, focusing on changes from AACR2 practice (i.e., highlights, not totally comprehensive)
2 Punctuation (RDA D.1 – ISBD Presentation) General instructions (D.1.2.1)for adjacent elements in square brackets, each element gets its own set[Minneapolis] : [Heritage Press], retain punctuation at end of element, add prescribed punctuation3rd ed (“ed.” appears on publication)Are you ready for some football? : songs of the Green Bay Packers (space-colon-space added before other title info)Instructions for specific areas (D D.1.2.9)Table (D.1.1) shows the punctuation that precedes or encloses each ISBD element & gives the corresponding RDA element
3 AbbreviationsTranscribed elements: don’t abbreviate unless found that way on the resource!OK to abbreviate:Voice designations (SATB)Latin alphabet abbreviations (B.7)DimensionsDurationGenerally, don’t abbreviate for elements other than those listed in B.5.1, B.5.3-B.5.9 or words recorded as part of details of an elementAlso, don’t abbreviate words quoted in notes (B.5.11)
4 Basis for Identifying the Resource Type of description (RDA 1.5, 2.1)Comprehensive (describes the resource as a whole)Analytical (describes a part of a larger resource)Hierarchical (combination of the two above)Mode of issuance (RDA 2.13)Single unitMultipart monographNumber of parts (RDA 2.1.2)More than one part – if so, simultaneously issued?(note that RDA and will be updated in the next major release of the RDA Toolkit based on an ALA proposal for which Kathy served as the primary author.)Note: hierarchical (LC-PCC PS for LC/PCC practice: do not create hierarchical descriptions)Multi-part monograph: resource issued in 2 or more parts (simultaneously or successively) that is completed or intended to be completed within a finite number of parts (score in 2 volumes)
5 Preferred Source for Scores (RDA 126.96.36.199) Title page (or image of title page)No title page?Choose the first source that presents a title:cover or jacket issued with the resource (or image)caption (or image)masthead (or image)colophon (or image)Note: AACR2 preferred caption over coverIf the resource consists of:a) one or more pages, leaves, sheets, or cards (e.g., a score) orb) images of one or more pages, leaves, sheets, or cards (e.g., a microform reproduction of a musical score)use the title page, title sheet, or title card (or image thereof) as the preferred source of information.If the resource lacks a title page, title sheet, or title card (or image thereof), use as the preferred source of information the first of the following sources that bears a title:a) a cover or jacket issued with the resource (or an image of a cover or jacket)b) a caption (or an image of a caption)c) a masthead (or an image of a masthead) [def: a statement printed in all issues of a newspaper, magazine, or the like, usually on the editorial page, giving the publication's name, the names of the owner and staff, etc. ]d) a colophon (or an image of a colophon)If none of these sources has a title, use as the preferred source of information another source within the resource that has a title. Give preference to a source in which the information is formally presented.If the resource does not contain a colophon, cover, or caption (or an image of one of them), use as the preferred source of information another source forming part of the resource itself. Give preference to sources in which the information is formally presented.
6 Preferred Source for Scores (RDA 188.8.131.52) No title on any of these sources?Use another source within the resource that has a titlePrefer a source where title is formally presentedNo title on another source within the resource?Use another source that forms part of the resource that bears a titleIf none of the sources listed above bears a title, use as the preferred source of information another source within the resource that bears a title, giving preference to a source in which the information is formally presented.If the resource does not contain any of the sources specified above, use as the preferred source of information another source forming part of the resource itself, giving preference to sources in which the information is formally presented.
7 Example – Preferred Source No title page for resource as a wholeNo title page, only title pages for the individual numbers of the opus. The cover presents a title representing the resource as a whole.Use cover as preferred source
8 Creating a Description—Score We’ll use this example to build a description throughout the rest of the presentation, with some supplemental examples illustrating things not found in this score
9 Title (RDA 2.3) Core element (Title proper) Transcribe from preferred sourceCapitalizationFound capitalization (take what you see!)Alternative (Appendix A)Inaccuracies not corrected (except for serials)Omit introductory wordsTitle = word, character, or group of words and/or characters that names a resource or a work contained in itMore than one title may appear in the resource (e.g., t.p., caption title, cover title, spine title, on accompanying material, etc.) or in reference sources categorizes these titles. Only the title proper is core.Inaccuracies – don’t correct or use [sic]! Include a variant title for the corrected formIntroductory words not intended to be part of the title are omitted; if a title includes a name, etc. that would normally be treated as SOR but is an integral part of the title (e.g., connected by a case ending), record as part of the title
10 Title (RDA 2.3) Parallel titles Other title information Any source within resourceMake a note if taken from different source than title properOther title informationSame source as title properIn general, information is recorded in the order it is presentedNote differences in source of info:Parallel title source: anywhere in resourceOther title source limited to same as preferred source; place info from resource other than preferred source in 246 (variant title)Only info from outside the resource gets brackets
11 Title (RDA 2.3) Variant titles Used for Appear in resource itselfReference sourcesCorrectionsParts of titlesTake information from any sourceLC-PCC PS best practicesVariant titles – see complete list atTitles appearing in resource itself (e.g., caption title, cover title, spine title)Titles associated with the resource in reference sourcesCorrections to titles that appear in the resource in an incorrect formPart of a title (e.g., alternative title)Take information from any sourceLC-PCC PS outlines some best practices for variant titles
12 Example – Capitalization Transcribe: NO one To kNOW one : $b for chamber ensemble Alternative: No one to know one : $b for chamber ensembleNO one To kNOW onefor chamber ensembleAn example of found capitalizationFirst indicator is 1 because the work has a creator (Andy Akiho).
13 Example – Title Introductory Words Title proper:Voy a ser FelizVariant title:246 1_ $i Title appears as: $a Musicabana presenta Voy a ser FelizNo title page, cover is preferred sourceVariant title in MARC 246 __$i At head of title: or 246 __ $aFirst indicator in 245 is a 1 because the work has a creator (Jorge Estadella).
14 Examples – Parallel Title Title proper:Konzert für Violine und Orchester d-moll =Parallel title:$b Concerto for violin and orchestra in D minorParallel title example
15 Creating a Description—Title Title proper: A Cambridge mass : Other title information: $b for SATB soloists, double chorus and orchestraKeep the abbreviation SATB since it appears that way on resource
16 Statement of Responsibility (RDA 2.4) Core elementSOR relating to title properTranscribe from (in order of preference):Same source as title properAnother source within resource itselfOne of sources specified under 2.2.4May abridge (but LC-PCC generally does not)Only first statement is required if more than oneNo more rule of 3!May omit some of the names (but LC-PCC generally does not)A statement of responsibility is a “statement relating to the identification and/or function of any persons, families, or corporate bodies responsible for the creation of, or contributing to the realization of, the intellectual or artistic content of a resource. This statement may include words or phrases that are neither names nor linking words.”
17 Example – Statement of Responsibility 245 … / $c by Frederick Johnson, A.B. Harvard, Fellow of American Guild of Organists, Fellow of Trinity College, London, Director of Music Bradford Junior College.Optional omission:245 … / $c by Frederick Johnson.By not abridging the Statement of Responsibility, one must include the extraneous information in the SOR; LC/PCC practice is generally not to abridge.The optional omission records only the name.
18 Example – Statement of Responsibility Statement of responsibility: 245 … / $c [book by] Flip Kobler and Cindy Marcus ; music by Dennis Poore ; lyrics by Flip Kobler.OK to add an explanatory phrase in brackets if necessary
19 Creating a Description—SOR Statement of responsibility: 245 … / $c Ralph Vaughan Williams ; edited by Alan Tongue.Only the first of these two statements of responsibility is required.
20 Edition Statement (RDA 2.5) Core elementDesignation of editionNamed revisionContains information formerly found in MARC fields 245$c, 250, 254Record multiple edition statements in order of appearanceSeparate with comma (ISBD)Coming soon – repeatable 250!Note that proposal to make MARC 250 repeatable just passed at ALA Midwinter.
21 Examples – Edition 250 __ Special order edition, Score and parts. Not 250 __ Newly rev. edition.(“rev.” appears on the source)250 __ Partitur = $b Score.
22 Creating a Description—Edition Edition: 250 __ Study score.In AACR2, this would have been tagged 254 (Musical presentation statement).
23 Production Statement (RDA 2.7) Core element for unpublished resourcesSources of information (2.7.12)Place – Prefer same source as producers’ nameProducer – Prefer same source as title properMay also use another source within resource or source specified under 2.2.4Transcribe place and name as foundIdentifies the place(s) of production, producer(s), and date(s) of an unpublished resource
24 Publication Statement (RDA 2.8) Core element for published resources1st place of publication1st publisherDateSources of information ( )Place – Prefer same source as publisher’s namePublisher – Prefer same source as title properMay also use another source within resource or source specified under 2.2.4Only the 1st place or publisher is required
25 Publication Statement (RDA 2.8) “[… not identified]” used instead of [S.l.] or [s.n.]May supply information from outside resourceUse square bracketsLC-PCC PS gives guidelines for dates“… not identified” = unknown place of publication, publisher, or publication dateLC-PCC PS: “supply probable place of publication,” “publisher,” or “date” instead of using “… not identified”; use brackets for information from outside the resource
26 Distribution, Manufacture Statements (RDA 2.9 & 2.10) Core element “if”Distribution is core when publication info unknownManufacture is core when distribution info unknownLC-PCC PS 2.9 & 2.10if using distribution/manufacture elements in lieu of missing publication elements, give a complete statementIdentifies place(s), name(s) and date(s) of distribution or manufacture for published resourcesDistribution is a core element if publication information unknown; Manufacture statement is a core element if distribution information unknown
28 Example – Publication Place of publication: 264 _1 Frankfurt/M ; $a Leipzig ; $a London ; $a New Yorkor,264 _1 Frankfurt/MPlace of publication = core, but if more than one place of publication appears on the source only the 1st is required.
29 Example – Publication, Distribution, Manufacture On back cover:Industrialfoto – MilanoStampato in Italia 1980U.S.A. sole selling agent: Associated Music PublishersA subsidiary of G. Schirmer, Inc.New YorkExample of score with publication, distribution, and manufacture information
30 Example – Publication, Distribution, Manufacture 264 _1 [Milano?] : $b Ricordi, $c [date of publication not identified]264 _2 New York : $b U.S.A. sole selling agent: Associated Music Publishers, a subsidiary of G. Schirmer, Inc., $c [date of distribution not identified]264 _3 Milano : $b Industrialfoto, $c 1980.And if you think this is complicated – stay tuned for coming attractions in the SR presentation
32 Extent (RDA 3.4) Core element Notated music (3.4.3) If complete, or total extent is knownNotated music (3.4.3)Closed list of terms ( )1 score (38 leaves)1 vocal score (x, 190 pages)1 condensed score (2 volumes)1 score (23 pages)1 piano conductor part (8 pages)1 choir book (240 pages)1 table book (50 unnumbered pages)1 score (viii, 278 pages)24 parts1 score and 1 part (5 pages)1 score and 3 parts (19 pages)Notated music: give number of units and term for the format of notated music (from ) in the extentTerm can be singular or plural as applicableSpecify number of volumes and/or pages, leaves, columns in parentheses after term (3.4.5) -- not supplied for set of parts
33 Format of Notated Music (RDA 7.20) Core element for LCDescribe as score or part of some typeMusic for solo performer is now a scoreNo more “p. of music”!Closed list of terms ( )Some new terms, some AACR2 terms omittedscore; condensed score; study score; piano conductor part; violin conductor part; vocal score; piano score; chorus score; part; choir book; table bookSpecify number of volumes and/or pages, leaves columns in parenthesesThe format of notated music is used in the extent statement4th bullet: study score used in RDA instead of AACR’s miniature score; no more close score
34 Example – Extent & Format of Notated Music 300 __ 1 score (64 pages)not:300 __ 64 pages of music
35 Extent (RDA 3.4.3)If the resource consists of a score and one or more parts in a single unit:$a Sing we all Noel! : $b unison/two part with piano and optional handbells or handchimes (3 or 4 octaves) / $c [music by] Allen Pote ; [words by] C.F. Hernaman.300 $a 1 vocal score and 1 part (11 pages)Go to 3.4.3, then
36 Extent (RDA 3.4.3)If the resource consists of a score and one or more parts in more than one unit:$a Sonata no. 2 in F major, op. 99 / $c Johannes Brahms.300 $a 1 score (30 pages) + 1 part (9 pages)Go to 3.4.3, then Two 300 fields could be used, but MLA Best Practices for Music Cataloging says to record the extent in one field as shown in the slide.
37 Extent (RDA 3.4.3)If the resource consists of a score and one or more parts in more than one unit:Extent:300 __ 1 score (xiii, 45 pages)300 __ 5 partsor (MLA Best Practices):+ 5 partsIf the resource consists of more than one type of unit, record the number of each applicable type in the order listed under Record the term in the singular or plural, as applicable.BP document recommends single 300 field (rather than separate 300 fields) for scores and partsGo to 3.4.3, then Two 300 fields could be used, but MLA Best Practices for Music Cataloging says to record the extent in one field as shown in the slide.
38 Illustrative and Color Content (RDA 7.15, 7.17) Rare with printed music, but record if present if judged important (i.e., not core elements)Record in subfield $b of 300, following a colon300 $a 1 score (25 pages) : $b color illustrations ; $c 30 cmRead 7.15 and together
39 Dimensions (RDA 3.5) Core element for LC Record in centimeters No period, unless followed by a series statementDiffering sizes?Record each carrierDimensions are a core element for LC for resources other than serials and online electronic resources. (LC-PCC PS 3.5)For notated music, if the resource consists of more than one carrier of differing sizes, record the dimensions of each carrier containing a different type of unit in the order in which the units are listed under ( )
40 Dimensions (RDA 3.5)Record dimensions according to the appropriate format in The most common for printed music are volume and sheet.Volume: record height of volume ( ); $c 30 cmSheet: record height x width ( ); $c 29 x 20 cmEveryone open to The preferred unit of measure is metric
41 Example – Extent & Dimensions 300 __ 1 score (42 pages) ; $c 30 cm.“cm.” because there a series statement follows(cover; note series also appears on title page)
42 Creating a Description—Extent, Dimensions study score (ix, 97 pages) ; $c 30 cmNew term “study score” (not “miniature score”), spell out “pages,” & no period after “cm”
43 Content/Media/Carrier Types RDARDA 3.2RDA 3.3CoreCore for LC/PCCTerms – table 6.1Terms – table 3.1Terms –Content, media, carrier types – replaces the GMD, will now be used for scoresClosed list of termsMay record multiple types
44 Examples – Content, Media, Carrier 336 notated music $2 rdacontent Score 337 unmediated $2 rdamedia 338 volume $2 rdacarrier 336 notated music $2 rdacontent Score 338 sheet $2 rdacarrier 336 notated music $2 rdacontent Score with still image $2 rdacontent content typesExamples – basic CMC, one with multiple content types
45 Series Statement (RDA 2.12) Core elementTitle properNumbering within seriesTitle proper of subseriesNumbering within subseriesLC-PCC PS addresses situations in which a series statement should be given in a bib recordSonata no. 2 in F major, op. 99 / $c Johannes Brahms.490 1_ Kalmus string series“All other sub-elements are optional”
46 Notes Title Statement of responsibility Nature of content Language Source of title, variant titlesStatement of responsibilityAttributionNature of contentLanguageCan be given separately, or combined with form of musical notation noteNotes scattered throughout chapters 2, 3,7; no specified order; suggested to follow ISBDTake information from any sourceAttribution: example, “Formerly attributed to J.S. Bach.”Language note can be combined with form of musical notation note, but BP documents recommends separate notes
47 Form of Notation (RDA 7.13.3) Core element for LC/PCC Set of characters and/or symbols used to express the musical content of a resourceClosed list of terms ( )546 $b Staff notation.
48 Example – Form of Notation 546 __ $b Graphic notation.
49 Language (RDA 184.108.40.206) Core element for LC/PCC Can be given separately, or combined with form of musical notationExamples:English words.English words $b staff notation.2nd bullet: Note that Best Practices document recommends separate notes
50 Medium of Performance of Musical Content (RDA 220.127.116.11) Core element for LC/PCCInstrument(s), voice(s), etc., used (or intended to be used) for performance of musical contentCan use abbreviations for voices (Appendix B)List solo instruments onlyExample:For SATB soloists, 2 violins, cello, and piano.For wind ensemble.Reduction for clarinet and piano.Part for piano only.Medium of performance of musical content is a core element for LC/PCC if not stated or implied elsewhere in the description or subject access points.Last bullet: List solo instruments only—meaning if the work is for larger ensemble, don’t list the individual instruments
51 Extent (RDA )Score and parts in a single physical unit ( )Notes about pagination ( )Notes about bibliographic vs. physical volumes ( )Notes about dimensions ( )Suggested to follow the order of the bib record, or ISBD order
52 Duration (RDA 7.22) Core element for LC Includes performance time for a resource containing notated music or notated movementIf performance time is stated on the resource, record the time statedExample:500 __ Duration: 2:15:00.Notated music: if performance time is stated on the resource, record the time stated
53 Contents (RDA 18.104.22.168) Core element for LC Related works For compilationsRelated worksLC-PCC PS 25.1Don’t apply to hymnalsNo limit on number of works in a contents noteUnless “burdensome”RDA treats contents as related worksLC-PCC PS says not to apply this core element to hymnalsAlso, LC-PCC PS states there are no limits on the number of works in a contents note, unless burdensome
54 Contents (RDA )LC-PCC PS gives guidance for constructing formal contents notesRecord the title proper that appears in the source that provides the best identificationUse the title page title if it appears thereGive other title information only when the title proper would be meaningless without itRecord 1st statement of responsibility for each title
55 Examples – Contents Contents: 505 0_ Aire popular -- En estilo criollo -- Danza -- Satiagueña -- Bailecito.A simple contents note.
56 Examples – Contents Contents: 505 0_ Morning prayer / Rebecca Parkinson -- Come unto Jesus (hymn tune Orton) / O.P. Huish ; arranged by James L. Rasmussen -- Solace / Darwin Wolford -- Earth with her ten thousand flowers (hymn tune Testimony) -- Invocation / M. David Chugg -- …Full contents would include all 12 pieces (some omitted to fit slide)
57 Example – Contents245 __ Considerable persons : $b nine souvenirs (2011) / $c Roger Zahab.…505 0_ For Joan Tower : for tenor, clarinet, violin and viola da gamba or cello -- broadcasting signal : for four violins or multiples thereof -- Phoenician dance : for violin and piano -- horizon, moonlight : for violin and piano -- Tea : for violin and piano -- Courante : for piano or other keyboard -- aria Ada : for viola and cello -- summer phrases : for piano -- The Fireflies of Hudson : for violin and piano.A more complex contents note: uses found capitalization, includes medium of performance information
58 Example – Contents245 __ Night songs : $b op. 22, for high voice and piano / $c Lowell Liebermann.…Good night / words by Mark van Doren -- She tells her love while half asleep / words by Robert Graves -- A variation on "To say to go to sleep" / words by Randall Jarrell.A more complex contents note: includes poets’ names
59 Identifier for the Manifestation (RDA 2.15) Core elementPrefer internationally recognized identifierAdditional identifiers are optionalISBN, ISMN, UPC, EANUse prescribed display formatOtherwise, record as it appears on sourceISBN, ISMN, UPC/IAN, plate & publisher numbersTake information from any sourceOther display: include name of agency
60 Identifier for the Manifestation (RDA 2.15) Publisher numbersPlate numbersInclude preceding abbreviation, word, or phrase designating a publisher024 3_028 3_ D100 $b Stainer & BellPlate & publisher numbers are also identifiers for the manifestation; take from any source024 example is a “new-style” ISMN and treated as an EAN (International Article Number)
61 Example – Identifier for the Manifestation Standard Identifiers:ISMNPublisher’s no. ED 13521Plate no. S&Co.8850024 2_028 3_ ED 13521S&Co.8850ISMN should be recorded with hyphens according to RDA; MARC display strips out hyphenson bottom of each page:S&Co.8850