2Subject complementsA word or word group that completes the meaning of a linking verb and that identifies or describes the subjectThe lemonade tastes sour.Mrs. Johnson is a dedicated teacher.The pliers were what she wanted.
3Predicate nominatives A word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies the subject or refers to it.It may be a noun, pronoun, or word group that functions as a noun. It completes the meaning of a linking verb.
4LINKING VERBS Forms of BE verbs = linking verbs: is, are, was, were, am, be, being, beenOther common linking verbs:appear become feel grow lookremain seem smell sound staytaste turn
51. Find the linking verb. 2. Ask “verb what?” directions1. Find the linking verb.2. Ask “verb what?”3. If the answer is a noun and renames the subject, it is a predicate nominative.
6Examples--pn Mr. Baker is the football coach. What is the linking verb?IsIs what?CoachCoach renames Mr. Baker. Coach is the PN.
7Examples--pn My aunt’s niece is she. What is the linking verb? Is Is what?She renames my aunt’s niece.She is the PN.
8Examples--pn Mrs. Daniell became the President of the United States. What is the linking verb?BecameBecame what?President------renames Mrs. Daniell. It is the PN.
9Examples--pn Is the winner whoever gets the most votes? v s Linking verb?IsIs what?Whoever gets the most votes---renames winner.
10Examples--PN Kim is one of my closest friends. What is the linking verb?IsIs what?One (of my closest friends is a prep phrase)One is the PN.
11Pg. 406, #1-10. (Identify the verb and PN.) assignmentPg. 406, # (Identify the verb and PN.)
12Pg. 4061. Horticulture is the art or science of growing flowers, fruits, vegetables, and other plants.Is what?art , science—pn2. Through germination, a seed becomes a plant.Becomes what?Plant—pn3. The developing plant is a seedling.seedling—pn4. Growing plants is a pleasure for many people.Pleasure—pn
13Pg. 4065. With light and moisture, seedlings will become healthy plants.Will become what?Do I use healthy or plants???????NOUNplants--pn6. Nasturtiums are flowers that can be eaten.Are what?Flowers—pn7. Rain is a welcome sight for gardeners.Is what?Sight—pn8. Helio, from the Greek language, is a word meaning “sun.”Word--pn
14Pg. 4069. Some flowers that turn to the sun, like sunflowers, are heliotropes.Are what?heliotropes—pn10. Some other flowers always remain shade lovers.Remain what?Shade (adj) or lovers (noun)LOVERS--pn
15An adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject. Predicate adjectiveAn adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject.It completes the meaning of a linking verb.
16Examples--pa The Whitewater Wildcats are very powerful. Subject? Verb?AreAre what?Powerful (Wildcats are powerful. Powerful describes wildcats.)
17Examples--pa This chili tastes spicy. Subject? Chili Verb? Tastes (linking verb)Tastes what?Spicy.Spicy is the PA—it describes the chili
18Examples--paA computer can be fun, helpful, and sometimes frustrating.Subject?ComputerVerb?Can beCan be what?Fun, helpful, frustrating--PA
20Pg. 4071. The great stone dogs that guard the entrance to Chinatown look a bit frightening.Linking verb? Subject?Dogs lookDogs look…what?Frightening—adj or noun?Frightening = pa2. The streets there are crowded and full of bustling actvity.verb? Subject?Streets are…..what?Crowded, fullAdjpa
21Pg. 4073. The special foods and beverages at the tearooms and restaurants smell wonderful.Verb? Subject?Foods, beverages smell…what?Wonderful…..adj or noun?Pa4. To an outsider, the mixture of Chinese and English languages can sound both mysterious and intriguing.Mixture can sound … what?Mysterious, intriguing…..noun or adj?pa
22Pg. 407 5. The art at the Chinese Culture Center is impressive. Verb? Subject?Art is…..what?Impressive……noun or adj?Pa6. The Chinese Historical Society of America is fascinating.Chinese Historical Society is….whatFascinating…..noun or adj?
23Pg. 407 7. Taking a walking tour of Chinatown is tiring. Verb? Subject?Taking a walking tour (noun gerund phrase) is…what?Tiring…adj or noun?PA8. Chinatown appears huge, and it is; it covers about sixteen square blocks.Chinatwon appears….what?huge (adj)pa
24Pg. 407 9. To be in the midst of it feels exciting. Verb? Subject? To be in the midst of it (noun inf. phrase) feels…what?Exciting…noun or adj?PA10. After a while, the surroundings become familiar.Surroundings become…what?Familiar…noun or adj?