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Autumn Cuellar @autumnc A MathML Progress Report

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Overview The MathML standard MathML in other standards MathML software support Conclusion 2

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MathML The W3C standard for encoding mathematics in XML MathML working group emerged from HTML 3 discussions 3

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MathML MathML 1 spec finalized in 1998 Content MathML Presentation MathML Interface MathML MathML 2 in 2003 MathML 3 in late 2010 4

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MathML 3 Line wrapping and line breaking 5

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MathML 3 Elementary math 6

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MathML 3 International math support 7

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Adoption Within Other Standards Content MathML CellML SBML PhysML 8

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Adoption Within Other Standards Presentation MathML DocBook DITA 1.3 Journal Article Tag Set Accessibility: DAISY NIMAS PDF/UA 9

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HTML / EPUB HTML5 and EPUB 3 now have MathML support A sign of how far MathML has come Inclusion consistent display Take digital content to the next level 10

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Tool Support Handwriting Math Input Panel (Microsoft) MoboMath (Enventra) MyScript (Vision Objects) Computation Maple Mathematica 11

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Tool Support Document creation Word processors: MS Word XML editors: FrameMaker XMetaL Flare 12

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Tool Support SDKs MathFlow Components WIRIS Rendering engines MathJax MathFlow JEuclid 13

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Tool Support – Work Required Conversion from legacy formats Proprietary math formats Ex. FrameMaker math LaTeX/TeX PDF documents OCR software: InftyReader 14

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Tool Support – Work Required Browsers/eReaders Some MathML: Firefox, Safari No MathML: IE, Chrome, Opera eReaders often built on browsers Disadvantages of MathJax Slow – must convert MathML Difficult to modify and query MathML as part of DOM Cannot fully apply CSS to MathML 15

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Mathematics in eBooks Frédéric Wang Mozilla MathML MathJax WebKit MathML MediaWiki Math Project to improve WebKit support of MathML Contributions from Design Science and XML Prague 16

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Conclusion MathML is now a mature standard It has been adopted into a wide range of scientific and documentation XML languages. Tool support has come a long way, but still has room for improvement, esp: Conversion to MathML from legacy formats Browser/eReader support 17

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Contacts www.dessci.com autumnc@dessci.com fred.wang@free.fr http://www.maths-informatique-jeux.com/blog/frederic / http://www.ulule.com/mathematics-ebooks/news/ http://www.igalia.com/contact/ 18 Design Science: Frédéric Wang:

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