Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Working Together"— Presentation transcript:
1An Introduction to Working Together Cooperative LearningAn Introduction to Working Together
2What is the most efficient way to assemble a puzzle? Explain to the participants that we are going to work on solving a puzzle. We are using jigsaw puzzles and want to see how to best complete the it. This phase sets the ground work for the difference between individuals working to complete a job and a team working together to complete a job.The only directions are:This is a puzzle and I would like you to complete it at your table.You have ___minutes to work. Be sure to limit the time so that not too many pieces are connected. (It must me enough time to complete some of the puzzle but not enough to complete the entire puzzle Times for completing a puzzle vary according to the difficulty and number of pieces)When the time is up pass out the Puzzle-ing sheets.
3How many pieces are connected? ______________ Group NamesTeams are given their Puzzle-ing record sheet and each writes their name on one of the puzzle pieces.Someone in the group records the number of pieces that were connected. (Connected means that at least one side of a piece is touching one side of another piece)How many pieces are connected? ______________
4All of us are smarter than one of us Cooperative GroupsMove into the discussion about working together in cooperative groups with a short description about how working together often is a way to get more done with everyone's input.All of us are smarter than one of us
5Team Leader You encourage the group to stay on task You make sure that everyone in the group participates and is heardYou direct quiet discussionYou ask the teacher for helpSound bites:“That’s interesting, but let’s get back to our work.”“Let’s hear from ____ next.”“Do you think it’s time to ask the teacher for help?Introduce the team member job description and sound bites so that the participants have an idea about what is expected from each team member.Assign this job now.
6Materials Manager You pick up and pass out all materials. You manage the use of materials.You keep track of all materials.You return all materials.Sound bites:“I’ll get the materials that we will need.We need to collect everything to clean up.I will return all of our materials until the next investigation.Introduce the team member job description and sound bites so that the participants have an idea about what is expected from each team member.Assign this job now.
7Recorder/Reporter You record the group’s data. You write the group’s answers.You describe methods of solutions.You present the group’s finished work to the class. (orally or written).Sound bites:“What are the important things that I should write?”“How would you like me to say that?”Introduce the team member job description and sound bites so that the participants have an idea about what is expected from each team member.Assign this job now.
8Reader/Time Keeper You read information and directions for the group. You keep track of the time.You check to see that all work is finished.Sound bite:“Listen and I will read the direction for what we are going to do.”"We only have five minutes left. Let’s see if we finished by then.”Introduce the team member job description and sound bites so that the participants have an idea about what is expected from each team member.Assign this job now.
9Cooperative Learning Planning Sheet Group Activity:Learning our Jobs by Completing a PuzzleGroup & Interpersonal SkillBeginning Skill - Use first names – PT Help and Encourage OthersBasic Skill - Organize group work – PT Everyone ParticipatesAdvanced Skill - Solve problems – PT Complete TasksWhat is My Job? We are going to complete a jigsaw puzzle.Team Leader:Discuss a plan with you groupGet everyone to share ideasEncourage everyone to help by following the planHelp your team to evaluate your workMaterials Manager:Keep all pieces on the tableReturn all pieces to the boxReturn the box to the materials supply areaRecorder/Reporter:Write everyone’s ideas on the Puzzle-ing planning sheetShare the ideas with the big group when askedTell how your group worked togetherReader/Time Keeper:Read “Puzzle-ing” record sheet directionsKeep the group on task to finish on timeEvaluation: How well did we do?Explain that we will now work on the puzzles while we are doing our jobs. Participates should pay particular attention to their job on this chart.
10Group & Interpersonal Skills for Today BeginningWorking in a Group ~ Use first namesBasicWorking with Other Members ~ Organize group workAdvancedMaintaining Good Working Relationships ~Solve ProblemsIntroduce some skill from the Group & Interpersonal Skills chart.Discuss the importance in paying particular attention to the kinds of skills we need when we work together.Ask groups input on what they think each of these skills mean and have them give examples.
11Cooperative Learning Group & Interpersonal Skills BeginningWorking in a GroupLook at the speakerUse first namesTalk in a soft voice (inside voice, 12’ voice)Share ideasTake turnsListen to othersShare materialsStay with the groupHelp others, so they can do things on their ownKeep hands to self (touch nicely)Positively reinforce others (No put downs)BasicWorking with Other MembersOrganize group workAsk questionsAsk questions clearlyAsk for helpCheck with othersEncourage othersUse supportive statements with othersUse praiseSummarizeCommunicate using:“I” statementsActive ListeningParaphrasingAdvancedMaintaining Good Working RelationshipsPerspective – takingParaphraseDescribe feelingsDescribe behavior (not the person)Differentiate ideasCriticize ideas (not people)Integrate ideas (put together ideas)Solve ProblemsReach ConsensusSurvey the chart which should be posted in the room for quick reference.
12How many pieces are connected? ______________ Group NamesParticipants will now get back to the solving the puzzle activity but this time we will work in cooperative teams.How many pieces are connected? ______________
13What we already know _________________ ____________________________________This is what we plan to do:Our Plan 1:__________________________________5.__________________________________How may pieces are connected?__________How well did we follow our plan? __________________________________________________________________________As a team ….Participants discuss their experience with puzzle construction and write what they already knowThe develop a plan and get a given amount of time to implement the plan.At the end of the time, the number of pieces is recorded. (Times for completing a puzzle vary according to the difficulty and number of pieces)The team discusses how well they followed their plan and record a statement.
14______________________________________ What Next?Can what we know help us to design a better plan?This is what we plan to do now.Our Plan 2:______________________________________Participants reflect on plan I and in the large group share their steps on a chart.The facilitator helps the teams consolidate their steps and selects those that seem to work the best.Each team tries Plan 2After completing Plan 2 teams record the number of pieces connected in the given amount of time.(Times for completing a puzzle vary according to the difficulty and number of pieces)After this round teams are permitted time to complete the entire puzzle if they haven’t yet done so.Number of pieces connected ________________We connected more pieces when we _______________________________________ _______________________________________
15Some Conclusions… ______________________ _______________________ If Participants are asked to make a relationship statement about constructing a puzzle or about working in a collaborative group using the words IF, THEN and BECAUSEExamples:If we follow our plan then we will finish the puzzle faster because we have thought out the steps that work best.If we work together in a team then we will be able to complete the puzzle because we all have an important role in the task.Wrap Up – During our time together we wil be working in team like this. We will work on different problems to solve and we will work on the skill we need to be a good team together.NOTE: It is not advisable to change these teams too often. Team members need time to learn their job and will learn other team member jobs by interacting with them.ThenBecause