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Ashuraa and Men of Valor A.S. Hashim MD

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1 Ashuraa and Men of Valor A.S. Hashim MD

2 Salaam to Al-Husain السلام عليك يا أبا عبد الله وعلى الأرواح التي حلت بفنائك عليك مني سلام الله أبداً ما بقيت وبقي الليل والنهار ولا جعله الله آخر العهد مني لزيارتكم السلام على الحسين وعلى علي بن الحسين وعلى أولاد الحسين وعلى أصحاب الحسين جميعاً ورحمة الله وبركاته

3 About this slide show Names of the Martyrs of Ashuraa Their relationship Their approximate ages Line of descent The enemy they faced End result of the fighters against Imam Husain Some pictures Ziyarah

4 With Al-Husain 72 persons were at Husains camp All knew they were facing imminent death They faced an enemy of 5,000: one against 70 Some say they faced 30,000: one against 422 8 were Sahaaba (one was older than 90) 20 were Companions of Ali Al-Husains family (total of 44)

5 Ashuraa Ashuraa was the culmination of the confrontation Not fazed by the overwhelming number of the enemy, Al-Husains camp was: Men of valor Fought to defend the Islamic Principles At the expense of their lives To please the Al-Mighty They all fought to the death, be they: Very old (one of them more than 90 yrs old) Mature adults Youthful Or even teenagers

6 Facing each other on the 10 th 72 of Al-Husains facing thousands of the enemy Many of the enemy were those who previously urged Al-Husain to join them against Yazid, but now they are in flagrant betrayal They were Arabs,Muslims,Iraqi All bound and determined to kill rather than support Their intention was to kill the very family of the Prophet and desecrate it

7 Al-Husain Facing the Hordes of the Enemy Size of Ibn Ziyads Forces facing Al-Husain Size of al-Husains Camp

8 The Fighting in the Morning At first, Al-Husains fighters were on the offensive Enemy had to ask for reinforcement The enemy burned the tents in the back, then the fighting became more ferocoius The companions of Husain started to fall one after the other By noon they stopped for Dhuhr Prayer One Companion protected Al-Husain with his own body, and fell dead of his arrow wounds as the Prayer was finished

9 Comparing Size of Forces Size of Ibn Ziyads Forces facing Al-Husain Size of al-Husains Camp

10 The Fighting in the Afternoon Al-Abbas, preceded by his 4 brothers, fight to the death Ali ibn Al-Husain fights bravely and ferociously, but is eventually overwhelmed by the enemy Women and children watch in horror and much anxiety, and its devastating feeling Even Preteen and Teenagers go out for the fight, get killed one after the other A crying baby a few months old is hit with an arrow as Al-Husain was pleading for a drink of water for him

11 Al-Husain supplicates facing the enemy O' Lord! May I Ask You to Take Away Your Bounty From These People! And If You, Lord, Allow Them a Respite, May I Ask You to Sow Difference Among Them And Let Them be Divided!

12 Finally: Al-Husain Cut in many places and severely bleeding Al-Husain becomes weak and falls from his horse No one dared to finish him off Shimr screamed at his fighters, but they refused Then Shimr himself finished him off Shimrs mother was a disbeliever (Majoosi)

13 Killed of the Prophets family Al-Husain and his sons: Ali al-Akbar Abdullah, the baby (Ali Al-Asghar) Of the sons of Al-Hasan Abu Bakr son of al-Hasan Abdullah son of al-Hasan Qasim son of al-Hasan

14 The Prophets Family: Killed 3. Ali Al-Akbar Great grandson 1. Al-Husain Grandson 2. Abdullah Great grandson 4. Abu Bakr son of Hasan Great grandson 5. Abdullah son of Hasan Great grandson 6. Qasim son of Hasan Great grandson Prophet Muhammad

15 Six of Alis Sons: Killed 1. Al-Husain and his brothers: 2.Abul Fadhl al Abbas 3.Abdullah ibn Ali 4.Ja'far ibn Ali 5.Uthman ibn Ali 6.Muhammad ibn Ali (nicknamed Abu Bakr)

16 Of Alis family: Six killed 3. Abdullah Son 1. Al-Husain Son 2. Al-Abbas Son 6. Muhammad (Abu Bakr) Son 5. Uthman Son 4. Jafar Son Imam Ali

17 Fatima loses 6 of her family 3. Abdullah son of Husain Grandson 1.Al-Husain son 2. Ali Al-Akbar son of Husain Grandson 6. Qasim son of Hasan Grandson 5. Abdullah son of Hasan Grandson 4. Abu Bakr son of Hasan Grandson Fatima

18 Ashuraa Al-Husains Family Al-Hasans Family Aqeels Family Eight Sahaaba Twenty Alis Companions Al-Hurr and others Jafars Family Zainabs Family 3 Servants of Husain Al-Husains Camp on Ashuraa

19 Abu Talib Uncle of the Prophet Of Abu Talib 3 sons: 1.Aqeel who lost a. Muslim and his two children and b. Muhammad son of Abu Saeed 2.Jafar who lost through his son Abdullah (Zainabs husband) a. Aun and b. Muhammad 3.Ali who lost 6 sons: a. Al-Husain and b. Al-Abbas c. Abdullah ibn Ali d. Ja'far ibn Ali e. Uthman ibn Ali f. Muhammad ibn Ali (nicknamed Abu Bakr)

20 Abu Talib Uncle of the Prophet Abu Talib Aqeel Loses 4 Members Jafar Loses 2 Members Ali Loses 6 Members

21 Abdullah (son of Jafar) and Zainab Abdullah (son of Jafar) was married to Zainab sister of Al-Husain Before Al-Husain was to leave Mecca to Karbala, Abdullah brought forth his 2 sons to accompany Al- Husain Abdullah had been asked by Al-Husain to stay in Medina during the Mission Abdullahs wife Zainab was to be the lead master of the group Zainab and Abdullah lost their children on Ashuraa: AunMuhammad

22 Zainab and Abdullah lose 2 2. Muhammad Son 1.Aun Son Zainab daughter of Ali Abdullah son of Jafar, son of Abu Talib +

23 Aqeel, brother of Ali Aqeel had three children: 1.Ja'far ibn Aqeel 2.Muslim ibn Aqeel andhis sons: Abdullah ibn Muslim Muhammad ibn Muslim 3.Abu Sa'eed ibn Aqeel and his son: Muhammad ibn Abu Saeed

24 Aqeel brother of Ali loses five killed 2. Muslim Son 1.Ja'far Son Aqeel brother of Ali son of Abu Talib Muslim son of Aqeel son of Abu Talib + + Abu Sa'eed son of Aqeel son of Abu Talib 3. Muhammad Grandson 4. Abdullah and 5. Abu Abdullah Grandsons

25 Al-Husain on Ashuraa: Al-Husain is martyred after he: Loses five of his brothers Loses two of his sons Loses three nephews through Al-Hasan Loses two nephews through Zainab Loses two second nephews through Aqeel Total loss is 17

26 Al-Husain and the Martyrs on Ashuraa: Al- Husain Brothers 5 Sons 2 nephews (Al-Hasan) 3 nephews (Zainab) 2 2 nd nephew Aqeel 2 Supporters >50

27 Husains Servants and Supporters Martyred: ( Servants of Husain Martyred 1.Sulaiman 2.Qaarib 3.Munjeh Supporters killed: 1. Muslim ibn Ausajah al Asadi 2. Saeed ibn Abdullah al Hanafi 3. Bishr ibn Amr al Khadhrami 4.Yazeed ibn al Haseen (reciter of Qur'an) 5.Imran ibn al Kalb al Ansari 6.Na'eem ibn al Ajlan al Ansari 7.Zuhair ibn al Qain al Bajali 8.Amr ibn Qurzah al Ansari 9.Habeeb ibn Madhahir al Asadi 10.Hurr ibn Yazeed al Reyahi 11.Abdullah ibn al Umair al Kalbi 12.Nafe ibn al Hilal al Jamali al-Muradi 13.Anas ibn Kahil ibn al Harth al Asadi 14.Qais ibn al Mussahar al Saedawi

28 Al-Husain Supporters Martyred: 15.Abdullah ibn Urwah alGhifaaree 16.Abdul Rahman ibn Urwah al- Ghifaaree 17.Shabeeb ibn Abdullah Nahshali 18.Jaun, slave of Abu Dharr al- Ghifaree 19.Hujjaj ibn Zaid Sa'di 20.Qasit ibn Zuhair al-Tha'labee 21.Kursh (Muqsit) ibn Zuhair al- Thalabee 22.Kinaanah ibn Ateeq 23.Dhargham ibn Maalik 24.Jowain ibn Maalik al-Dhabaai 25.Zaid ibn Thubait al-Qaesi 26.Abdullah ibn Zaid ibn Thubait al- Qaesi 27.Ubaidullah ibn Zaid ibn Thubait 28.Amir ibn Muslim 29.Salim, slave of Amir ibn Muslim 30.Saif ibn Malik 31.Zuhair ibn Bashi al-Khath'ami 32.Mas'ood ibn Hajjaj 33.Son of Mas'ood ibn Hajjaj 34.Majma' ibn Abdullah al-Aezi 35.Ammar ibn Hassan ibn Shuraib al-Taai 36.Hayyan ibn Haarith al-Azdi 37.Jundab ibn Hujair al-Khanlani

29 Al-Husain Supporters Martyred: 38.Umar ibn Khalid al-Saedaawi 39.Saeed, slave of Umar ibn Khalid 40.Yazid ibn Ziad ibn Mazahi al- Kindi 41.Zaahir, slave of Amir al- Khuzaa'ee 42.Jabalah ibn Ali al-Shaybani 43.Saalim, slave of Bani Medinat al- Kalbi 44.Aslam ibn Khateer al-Azdi 45.Zuhair ibn Sulaim al-Azdi 46.Qasim ibn Habeeb al-Azdi 47.Umar ibn al-Ohdooth al- Hadhrami 48.Abu Thamaamah, Umar ibn Abdullah al-Saaedi 49.Hanzalah ibn As'ad al-Shaami 50.Abdul-Rahman ibn Abdullah al- Arhabi 51.Ammaar ibn Abu Salaamah al- Hamdaami 52.Aabis ibn Shabeeb al-Shaakiree 53.Shaozab, slave of Shaaki 54.Shabeeb ibn Haarith ibn Saree 55.Maalik ibn Abdullah ibn Saree 56.Sawwar ibn Abi Uman al-Nohami al-Hamdani 57.Amar ibn Abdullah al-Junda'i

30 Al-Husain's family Martyred Ali Al-Akbar Abdullah Ibn Muslim Ibn Aqeel Aun and Muhammad sons of Zainab Abdul Rahmah and Jafar sons of Aqeel Muhammad son of Muslim son of Aqeel Al-Hasan son of Al-Hasan Abu Bakr son of Ali Abdullah Ibn Aqeel Abu Bakr son of Al-Hasan Al-Qasim son of Al-Hasan Abdullah, Uthman, and Jafar sons of Ali Al-Abbas son of Ali Abdullah baby son of Al-Husain (Ali Al-Asghar) Al-Husain

31 The Whereabouts of Ashuraa Ashuraa of Karbala

32 Ashuraa Effects Yazid in infamy Husain in Glory The Triumph of Islam Ashuraa

33 The Revolts Immediate Period Immediate Period after Karbala Al-Tawwaboon, 16,000, fight Benu Umayya unto death, Al-Mukhtar avenging for Al-Husain Killing all who fought Al-Husain especially: –Omar ibn Saad –Shimr –Obaidullah ibn Ziyad Al-Mukhtar rules Iraq for more than a year Al-Mukhtar builds the rudimentary Shrine for Imam Husain Houses were built around the site, is the beginning of town of Karbala

34 Thomas Carlyle and Charles Dickens Thomas Carlyle: "The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Karbala is that Husain and his companions were the rigid believers of God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Husain despite his minority marvels me!" Charles Dickens: "If Husain fought to quench his worldly desires, then I do not understand why his sisters, wives and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore that he sacrificed purely for Islam."

35 Ziyarah (Visitation) of Al-Husain اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خِيَرَةَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ خِيَرَتِه السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ ثَارِهِ وَالْوِتْرَ الْمَوْتُورَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي جَمِيعاً سَلاَمُ اللَّهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ …..

36 Ziyarah (Visitation) of Al-Husain Peace be on you, O Aba Abdillah! Peace be on you, O son of the Messenger of Allah! Peace be upon, O the Finest of Gods Creatures and the son of the Finest of Gods Creatures! Peace be on you, O son of the Commander of the Faithful and the forebear of the Prophet's successors! Peace be on you, O son of Fatima, the choicest among the women of the worlds! Peace be on you, who was martyred while fighting in the cause of Allah, and the son of Allah's fearless warrior, who was attacked with a vengeance! Peace be on you and on those souls which had gathered in your camp, in your journey. To all of you I pray Allah to be in Peaceas long as I live, and as long as nights follow the days.

37 Shrine of Imam Al-Husain


39 In Conclusion A schematic is presented about the martyrs in Ashuraa The occasion of Ashuraa The comparative size of the two sides The losses incurred by each of: the Prophet Ali Fatima and Abu Talib The site Ashuraa took place and The after-effects throughout history

40 May Allah Bless you Be in Allahs Care A.S. Hashim MD

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