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Establishing new wetland protected areas in Fizes catchment, Romania Radu Mihaiescu and Tania Mihaiescu Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University Babes-Bolyai,

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Presentation on theme: "Establishing new wetland protected areas in Fizes catchment, Romania Radu Mihaiescu and Tania Mihaiescu Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University Babes-Bolyai,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Establishing new wetland protected areas in Fizes catchment, Romania Radu Mihaiescu and Tania Mihaiescu Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

2 Map of Romania curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

3 Relief map of Fizes watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

4 Geological map of Fizes watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

5 Precipitations map of Fizes Mic watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

6 Fizes Valley in upper catchment curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

7 Catina Lake with wetland vegetation curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

8 Geaca Lake – Hydrophilic vegetation curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

9 Tau Popii Lake curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

10 General view of Stiucii Lake and its catchment curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

11 Sic reed bed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

12 Legiilor Valley curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

13 Land-use in Fizeş Watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

14 Diffuse pollution sources in Fizes watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

15 Diffuse pollution sources in Fizes watershed curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

16 watershed area km 2 ; annual runoff average - 1,20 m 3/ s; runoff - 68 mm/an; forest land area -103 km 2 ; arable and pasture land area km 2 ; mire/wetlands - 3 km 2 ; lakes - 4 km 2 ; rural settlements - 10 km 2 ; animal units (12619 equivalent cows from which 9000 dairy cows); inhabitants with individual sewer system (with 20% using dry toilets); industrial pollution sources – 2 (S.C. NAPOLACT S.A. - Ţaga Section and SNGN ROMGAZ MEDIAŞ- Ţaga section). Fizeş Watershed diffuses pollution assessment using WENNERBLOM model INPUT PARAMETRS curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

17 Measures targeted on the reduction of individual pollution sources: building up sewage and drinking water facilities, waste water treatment plans both for human agglomerations and industrial enterprises, septic tanks. Measures for conservation and restoration of ecosystem: rehabilitation of natural wetlands; creation of buffer zones and natural corridors Measures for controlling diffuse pollution: on the main river course and banks (rehabilitation of longitudinal and lateral connectivity of the river, rehabilitation of natural riparian vegetation); for the flood plain (rehabilitation of wetlands, specific agricultural practices); for the hillside (implementing the Code for Good Agricultural Practices, building up some grass and heath strips, usage of specific local crops in order to prevent erosion); for the watershed (rehabilitation and restoration of natural vegetation, especially forest vegetation) The main classes of analysed measures curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

18 Provisions of goods and services by aquatic ecosystems and the role of management interface in these interactions curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

19 Project measures building of small dimension dams (at least 14), for partially blocking selected waterway in order to create a total area of 250 ha of ponds and wetlands, and reforesting a surface of 430 ha. local flora species (shrubs and trees) will be planted on the vicinity of roads and waterway in order to establish green corridors, with a total surface of aprox. 500 ha. the whole area (more than ha) will be transformed in a functional network of green corridors, thus creating a perfect space for migratory species. The Fizes river corridor will connect two of the most important watersheds in Romania, Somes and Mures, facilitating bird migration between these two areas. curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

20 Expected results a significant improvement of water quality. the tourism development development of the whole area. touristic activity jobs for at least 300 inhabitants in the area. small private ponds and agro-touristic pensions. curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010

21 Conclusions Wetland restoration and creation proposals must be viewed with great care. Clear, site-specific measurable goals should be established. Wetlands should, in general, be designed to be self-sustaining systems and persistent features of the landscapes. Wetland design should consider relationship of the wetland to the watershed, water sources, other wetlands in the watershed, and adjacent upland and deepwater habitat. Increasing public awareness towards environmental problems and benefits of eco-friendly agriculture and ecosystem services can prove to be a good example and count more in the balance of benefits and losses. curriculum in natural environmental science, vol. 2, 2010


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