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Bureau of Labor Statistics Green Jobs Initiative Mark Maggi Economist, Boston U.S. Department of Labor Womens Bureau and the Central MA Workforce Investment.

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Presentation on theme: "Bureau of Labor Statistics Green Jobs Initiative Mark Maggi Economist, Boston U.S. Department of Labor Womens Bureau and the Central MA Workforce Investment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bureau of Labor Statistics Green Jobs Initiative Mark Maggi Economist, Boston U.S. Department of Labor Womens Bureau and the Central MA Workforce Investment Board Worcester, MA September 14, 2012

2 BLS Green Jobs Initiative Goals are to provide information on: Number of green jobs and trends over time Industrial, occupational, and geographic distribution of these jobs What these jobs pay Career information on green jobs 2

3 Defining Green Jobs Definition should be objective and measurable Use standard classifications to provide comparability to other data – North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) – Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 3

4 Defining Green Jobs BLS background work Reviewed the literature – No widely accepted definition Examined international work – Statistics Canada, Eurostat Consulted with stakeholders – Federal agencies, Council of Environmental Quality, industry associations, States Green Jobs Study Group – 4

5 Defining Green Jobs Solicited public comment March 16, 2010, Federal Register Notice Further consultation with Federal agencies during the comment period Final definition and summary of comments September 21, 2010, Federal Register Notice 5

6 Approaches to Measuring Green Jobs A. Output Approach: 1.Identify establishments producing green goods and services 2.Count the associated jobs. B. Process Approach: 1.Identify establishments using environmentally friendly technologies and practices. 2.Count the associated jobs 6

7 BLS Green Jobs Definition Green jobs are either: A. Output: Jobs in businesses that produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources. B. Process: Jobs in which workers duties involve making their establishments production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources. 7

8 BLS Green Jobs Products Green Goods and Services (GGS): industry and state employment GGS: occupational staffing patterns and wages for GGS industry employment Green Technologies and Practices (GTP): occupational staffing patterns and wages for employees engaged in green technologies or practices at establishments Career information on selected green occupations 8

9 Categories of Green Goods and Services 1.Electric energy from renewable sources or nuclear 2.Energy efficient equipment, appliances, buildings and vehicles, and goods and services that improve the energy efficiency of buildings and the efficiency of energy storage and distribution 3.Pollution mitigation; greenhouse gas reduction; and recycling and reuse goods and services 4.Organic agriculture; sustainable forestry; and soil, water and wildlife conservation 5.Governmental and regulatory administration; and education, training, and advocacy goods and services 9

10 Identifying Green Goods and Services Generally designated as green only goods and services that directly benefit the environment Does not automatically include inputs or distribution of outputs, but evaluates these for direct environmental benefit Identified 333 detailed NAICS industries where green goods and services are classified. See 10

11 Examples of Industries with Green Content Organic corn production (anything organic) Electric power production from wind, solar, biomass, hydroelectric or nuclear sources, etc. Manufacturing of energy efficient products (hybrid cars and batteries) Manufacturing of Energy Star appliances, computers, etc. Sewage treatment facilities, and their construction Construction using Leadership in Energy and Environmental design (LEED) approved materials Retrofitting buildings for energy efficiency Aluminum smelting - reintroducing recycled cans Urban mass transit Government development and enforcement of environmental regulations 11

12 Identifying Green Goods and Services Where possible, BLS is using well-established, well-recognized standards for consistency, e.g. Energy Star (Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy) LEEDS, Green Globes WaterSense (EPA) Sustainable Forestry Initiative UL Environment (Underwriters Laboratory) 12

13 Measuring Green Goods and Services Jobs Green Goods and Services (GGS) survey Sample establishments in industries where green goods and services are classified Present to respondents a description of green products or services classified in their industry Request share of revenue accounted for by sale of green goods and services Use share of revenue as proxy for share of employment Request employment if no revenue. 13

14 Measuring Green Goods and Services Jobs Green Goods and Services (GGS) survey Sample: approximately 120,000 units Stratified by industry, state and ownership Mailing began in late April percent response rate attained Results released on March 22, 2012 Ongoing annual survey, quarterly updates 14

15 GGS Industry Data: March 22 Data elements: Number of jobs meeting BLS definition – GGS employment Percent of total employment for that industry Level of total employment in that industry – Annual average from published QCEW (Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages) data – QCEW is based on UI coverage (state and federal) – QCEW is employment benchmark for CES 15

16 What are GGS jobs? Any type of job: Mass transit: bus or subway drivers, accountants, management, human resources, etc. Construction of hydroelectric plant: electricians, engineers, laborers, cement truck drivers, administrative staff, etc. 16

17 GGS Employment: U.S. totals 3,129,100 Green Goods and Services (GGS) jobs in percent of total employment 2,268,800 GGS jobs in private industry 2.1 percent of total private employment 860,300 GGS jobs in government 4.0 percent of total government employment 17

18 GGS Employment in Major Industries: Private Sector Employment

19 GGS Employment: Private Industry 1) Manufacturing 461, % of manufacturing employment – Primary metal 66,900 iron and steel recycling – HVAC equipment 40,800 Air purification equipment Air conditioning, refrigeration and forced air heating – Transportation equipment 38,500 Motor vehicle parts 18,900 Motor vehicle 9,700

20 GGS Employment: Private Industry 2) Construction 372, % of construction employment – Specialty trade contractors 258,900 – Construction of buildings 82,000 – Heavy and civil engineering 31,200 LEED-certified construction projects Retrofitting buildings for energy efficiency Construction of power plants using renewable sources or nuclear

21 GGS Employment: Private Industry 3) Professional, scientific and technical services 349, % of Prof, scientific and tech employment – Engineering services 100,800 – Architectural services 71,900 – Mgt & technical consulting services 71,200 – Legal services 4,100 Design and engineering for waste water plants, LEED buildings, etc. Research and development in sciences related to the environment Legal services on environmental regulations

22 Electric Power Generation Employment Private 44,200 – Nuclear 35,800 – Hydroelectric 3,700 – Wind 2,200 – Biomass 1,100 – Geothermal 600 – Solar 400 This industry is limited to just those establishments that produce electric power for distribution.

23 GGS Employment: Public EmploymentPercent of Total Government 860, % Local 476, % – Transp. and warehousing 228,900 – Utilities 99,800 State 227, % – Public administration 141,700 – Education and Health 50,100 Federal 156, % – Public administration 128,300 – Leisure and hospitality 13,500

24 GGS Employment Percent of total state employment

25 GGS Employment: States Top 5 States in percentage of total employment Vermont 4.4% District of Columbia 3.9% Idaho 3.7% Alaska 3.6% Maryland 3.6% 25

26 About GGS Employment First release Single observation All data are annual averages for 2010 Baseline for measuring future trends Quarterly updates 2011 Data: Estimated January

27 BLS green jobs products Green Goods and Services (GGS): industry and state employment GGS: occupational staffing patterns and wages for GGS industry employment Green Technologies and Practices (GTP): occupational staffing patterns and wages for employees engaged in green technologies or practices at establishments Career information on selected green occupations 27

28 Measuring Green Goods and Services Jobs - Occupations GGS -Occupational staffing of green goods and service jobs Goal is to understand differences in occupational staffing and wages between businesses producing green goods and services and other businesses Administer the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey to establishments in the GGS sample Publication targetlate September

29 BLS Green Jobs Products Green Goods and Services (GGS): industry and state employment GGS: occupational staffing patterns and wages for GGS industry employment Green Technologies and Practices (GTP): occupational staffing patterns and wages for employees engaged in green technologies or practices at establishments Career information on selected green occupations 29

30 BLS Green Jobs Definition Green jobs are either: A. Output: Jobs in businesses that produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources. (GGS) B. Process: Jobs in which workers duties involve making their establishments production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources. (GTP) 30

31 Types of Green Technologies and Practices 1.Generating energy from renewable sources primarily for use within the establishment. 2.Improving energy efficiency within the establishment. 3.Reducing greenhouse gas emissions resulting from operations. 4.Reducing or eliminating the creation of, or release of, pollutants or toxic compounds resulting from operations. 5.Reducing or eliminating the creation of waste materials resulting from operations. 6.Conserving natural resources consumed during business operations. (Does not include using recycled inputs in production processes) 31

32 Measuring Green Technologies and Practices Jobs More than 50 percent of the employees time is spent: Researching, Developing, Maintaining, or Using technologies or practices related to the six categories of green activities OR Training workers at the establishment in one or more of the six categories of green activities 32

33 Measuring Green Technologies and Practices Jobs Green Technologies and Practices (GTP) method Sample 35,000 establishments in all industries (except private households) stratified by region and industry Present a list of green activities for respondents to evaluate whether or not they are used at the establishment Request occupation and wage information for employees who spend more than 50 percent of their time in these green activities 33

34 Measuring Green Technologies and Practices Jobs Field tested the concepts and survey instrumentpaper form and on-line collection Survey collection during 9/2011-3/2012 Products Percent of businesses with each type of activity Employment across all activities Occupations reported performing green activities and their wages Results released on June 29,

35 GTP Data Percent of establishments reporting, by type of technology or practice 35

36 GTP Data Occupations with the highest GTP employment 36

37 BLS Green Jobs Products Green Goods and Services (GGS): industry and state employment GGS: occupational staffing patterns and wages for GGS industry employment Green Technologies and Practices (GTP): occupational staffing patterns and wages for employees engaged in green technologies or practices at establishments Career information on selected green occupations 37

38 Information on Green Careers Articles currently available: Wind Energy Solar Power Green Construction Electric Vehicles Recycling Energy Auditors Sustainability 38

39 Contact Information Mark Maggi, Economist New England Information Office Public information number


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