Presentation on theme: "An Innovative Technology"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Innovative Technology Russian FederationInstitute of GeophysicsAn Innovative Technologyfor Remote Soundingof Mineral Deposits1
2 1. About Innovative Technology ClassificationDirect method of remote sounding of Mineral DepositsNuclear magnetic resonanceUse of aerospace photographWork on siteDiagnostic sof large territory2 – 3 monthsExpeditionto locationSearch andsurvey of depositsUp to sq. km and more – 1000 sq. km In the deposit areaPatented processing of satellite images Point soundingWe virtually "see" underground deposits that provides high effeciency of the executed works
3 The Innovative Technology is patented Name of useful model:4METHOD OF SEARCH FORMINERAL DEPOSITSSerial number: u 35122Date :Formula of useful model:Method of search for mineral deposits, which includes processing of an space photograph, which differs due to the fact that a black-and-white negative is used as an space photograph which was obtained in an infrared range of frequencies, and processing of an space photograph is conducted after a package was preliminary formed which consists of a negative of space photograph, test wafer and X-ray film, the formed package is treated with γ-rays, X-ray film is separated, the latter being chemically processed and placed in an alternating electric field of high pressure of a camera of gas-discharge visualization and visualize an obtained image on a PC screen.
4 Capabilities of the Technology Services are provided in the following format:Territorial applicability – no limitations (any in-land or shelf area)Total size of the territory – practically without limitationsSounding depth – 0-5 km undergroundDetectable minerals – water, oil, gas, different metals in ore bedsSuccess ratio – for hydrocarbons and water reserves > 90%Duration – typically 2 monthsSafety – the method is environmentally friendly andcompletely safe for peopleWe work with:hydrocarbons, underwater accumulations, other minerals in large and small territories, on land, on shelf4
5 A large area of research 2. Work with aerospace photographsRemote Sensing using digital satellite imagesProspective geologicalstructuresA large area of researchto 10,000 sq. km and moreBy interpretation of digital multichannel satellite imagery specialists reveal the geological structures, in which basins of hydrocarbons or other minerals can be locatedOnshoreOffshoreDiagnosis of territories with the help of our patented methodOil fieldGas fieldWaterflowWe conduct radiation-chemical processing of analogue infrared satellite images of territories according to the patent.Diagnosis is a simplified version of the technology allowing to quickly detect and delineate the oil fields (and other minerals) in large areas.Also, we determine the number of horizons and the possible depth. Several minerals can be surveyed at the same time.After that we can prospect and explore deposits in a localized oil field.
6 Remote prospecting and exploration of deposits Using the patented technology processing of satelliteimages we can identify and investigate in detail thedeposits onshore and offshoreThus we have:- Surface contours of the deposit, - The number of horizons, - The depth of the horizons, - Thickness of horizons, - Calculation of extractable reserves.To 100 sq. km and moreDepositsRemote survey of drilling pointInformation necessary for work:coordinates of drilling point - the desired mineral and,if possible, a sample from a well in the region.Results of the survey:Presence or absence of mineral deposits in thedrilling point,- Number of horizons, estimated depth of thehorizon, thickness of horizons.Drilling locationGasN°, E°
7 The results of remote sounding of an area (processing of analogue satellite images)Two deposits of natural gas in the crystalline shield were identified
8 Operating sequence 1 Preparatory works 2 Object identification 3 №list of works of remote detection and investigation of deposits1Preparatory worksOrder and obtaining of aerospace photographs of the investigated territory.Order and obtaining of ultra-pure chemical reagents.Laboratory manufacture of test gel-wafers.Recording of electromagnetic spectrum of the sought-for substance on test wafers.2Object identificationRadiative processing of aerospace photographs on research nuclear reactor with testwafers of the sought-for substance and sensitive X-ray film.Chemical processing of negatives that have undergone radiative and energoinformationalimpact in the nuclear reactor.3Contour object decipheringVisualization of object contours and also incoming and outgoing torrents with the help ofKirlian-camera.Obtaining of computer image with the help of digital camera connected to Kirlian-camera.4Photogrammetric calibration of computer image of the object (geographic connection of theimage’s points and the area).5Object’s fixation – definition of its size, form and location on the area according to thephotograph.6Analytical data processing obtainment of coordinates of beds and preliminary calculation ofsupplies7Preparation of report and providing the Customer with it2 weeks2 weeks1 week1 week2 weeksTotal = 2 months
9 4. Comparative efficiency for large territories MethodsExecutable worksResults (for an area ~1000 sq. km)EffectivenessDurationAverage number of mining holesTraditional methodsSpace surveyGeological surveyGeophysical surveySearching boring30 %2 - 3years6(From data of Russian State Institute of Oil and Gas)InnovationtechnologyRadiation-chemicaltreatment of spacespicturesNuclear-magneticresonance soundingof a deposit on-site90 %2months1Comparative Characteristics with 3D Seismography#Parameters3D-Seismography"IT"1Topographical binding+ (anomalies)+2Construction of 3D models of objects3Search of unstructured traps of oil and gas---4Detection of gas "caps" in oil horizons5Definition of gas pressure in gas "caps"6Definition of presence of oil mobility7Detection of water horizons over oil and gasdeposits
10 5. Testing of the Technology Technology is tested in the USATesting and practical demonstration of innovative technology was conducted in 2009 on territory of state of Utah. Тotal area is 3600sq. km.Directly on locality were inspected beforehand unknown for us underground objects, being drillholes and oil-extracting settings.As a result of inspection the following control indexes were defined by us: presence of deposits of oil and gas, amount of horizons in them, depths of bedding of horizons and their thickness. Information obtained by us during the survey was fixed and presented to the members of commission and officially confronted with information of Arbiter.Тhe results: Effectiveness = 100%, Accuracy of depth ≥ 98%
11 Testing Results of Wells on the Shelf of the Guinea Gulf Remote TestingOur data: A = 1st horizon B = 2nd horizonАВComparison of data was done according to the following parameters:Quantity of control points – 2;Qualitative indicators: presence of hydrocarbons in the well – oil, gas or their absence;Quantitative indicators: occurrence depths and useful capacity of horizons.Results:1. Рresence of oil and oil inflows in wells havematched 100 %.2. Average accuracy of definition of oil occurrencedepths in horizons is ~ 80 %.3. Useful capacity of oil horizons is defined withaccuracy of 70 % (72m / 50m).The conducted testing of the Technology has proved its unique high efficiencyand accuracy during remote control of hydrocarbons on the sea shelf
12 Project for Shale Gas in Texas, USA The figure shows land contours of 25 detected deposits of shale gas, drilling points in thelargest sites, migration routes of gas in cracks and contours of two detected oil deposits.Data obtained on number of horizons (6), thickness and their occurrence depthsas well as gas pressure in horizons ( atm.):Territory
13 Project for gas hydrates in Antarctic Map of the anomalous zones of "gas hydrates deposits" type produced by thespecial satellite data processing results (Antarctic Peninsula region)1 - the scale of the anomalous response, points to determine the values of the anomalous response,3 - position of seismic profiles.
14 Thank you for your attention We believe that applicationof the Technology will have a significant economic impact which can be achieved within very short time!Thank you for your attention