Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byKody Pille Modified over 4 years ago

2
Page 3

3
Kinetic Molecular Theory Is a theory that demonstrates how gases should behave. It is also called Ideal Gas Laws.

4
Kinetic Molecular Theory Gas particles are in random, constant, straight-line motion. Gas particles are separated by great distances relative to their size; the volume of the gas particles is considered negligible. Gas particles have no attractive forces between them. Gas particles have collisions that may result in a transfer of energy between gas particles, but the total energy of the system remains constant.

5
Follow the Ideal Gas Law or KMT.

6
Real Gases Deviate From KMT The volume of gas particles is significant. Gas particles DO have volume. Gas particles DO have a force of attraction. The two deviations are significant under high pressure and low temperature (molecule are closer together).

7
Page 4

8
Pages 5-6

9
Boyles Law P V Observation:

10
Boyles Law As pressure increases, volume decrease. Formula: P1V1 = P2V2 (Temperature and number of particles are constant)

11
Charles s Law V T Observation:

12
Charles s Law The higher the temperature (Kelvin), the bigger the volume. Formula: V1 = V2 T1( Kelvin ) T2 ( Kelvin ) Pressure is Constant

13
Gay Lussacs Law P T Observation:

14
Gay Lussacs Law The higher the temperature (Kelvin), the higher the pressure. Formula: P1 = P2 T1( Kelvin ) T2 ( Kelvin ) Volume is constant

15
Combined Gas Law Formula: P1V1 = P2V2 (Table T) T1( Kelvin ) T2 ( Kelvin ) Table A - STP May be used to solve any of the previous gas law problems.

16
Page 7

17
Avagadros Hypothesis Equal volumes of all gases under the same conditions of temperature and pressure have equal numbers of molecules. Avagadros Number = 6.02 x 10 23 One liter of hydrogen has the same number of molecules as one liter of oxygen. 1 mole = 6.02 x 10 23 particles/mol 1 mole of a gas occupies 22.4 liters at STP

18
Page 8

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

The Gas Laws Describe HOW gases behave.

The Gas Laws Describe HOW gases behave.

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To ensure the functioning of the site, we use **cookies**. We share information about your activities on the site with our partners and Google partners: social networks and companies engaged in advertising and web analytics. For more information, see the Privacy Policy and Google Privacy & Terms.
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.

Ads by Google

Ppt on ac and dc generator Download ppt on coordinate geometry for class 9th physics Esophageal anatomy and physiology ppt on cells Convert pdf to ppt online mac Ppt on magnets and springs Ppt on new york stock exchange Ppt on polynomials of 99 Ppt on air pollution for class 11 Ppt on causes of world war 1 Ppt on atrial septal defect in infants