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Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts Chapter 4: European Quest for New Land Study Presentation ©2006 Clairmont Press.

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Presentation on theme: "Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts Chapter 4: European Quest for New Land Study Presentation ©2006 Clairmont Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oklahoma: Land of Contrasts Chapter 4: European Quest for New Land Study Presentation ©2006 Clairmont Press

2 Chapter 4: European Quest for New Land Section 1: Early European Explorers Early European ExplorersEarly European Explorers Section 2: European-Indian Contact European-Indian ContactEuropean-Indian Contact

3 ESSENTIAL QUESTION: –What factors encouraged Europeans to explore in the New World? Section 1: Early European Explorers

4 What words do I need to know? 1.middlemen 2.expedition 3.cartographer 4.Northwest Passage 5.isthmus 6. conquistador 7. skirmish 8. missionary 9. colony 10. alliance

5 PREVIEW Check out the headings and subheadings Examine the pictures and read the captions Section 1: Early European Explorers

6 Scandinavian Vikings were possibly the first Europeans to visit the Americas Leif Ericsson set foot in what became North America in 1001 A.D. Established a settlement called Vinland (in eastern Canada) Vikings may have been in eastern Oklahoma in 1012 A.D. Section 1: Early European Explorers

7 The Search for New Trade Routes –Christopher Columbus –Other Early Explorers Spain in the New World –Francisco Vásquez de Coronado –Juan de Padilla –Hernando de Soto –Juan de Oñate –France in the New World –La Salle –La Harpe –Other French Explorers England in the New World

8 1400s: European countries seeking new trade routes to the Orient after centuries Treasured Oriental silk, perfumes, drugs, gold, jewels, dyes, teas, & spices (pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves) Shorter route to Far East: eventually landed on the South & North American continents The Search for New Trade Routes

9 Italian sea captain Believed best route to the Far East lay to the west Estimated distance from Portugal to Japan less than 3,000 miles August 3, 1492: set sail (headed West) from Palos on the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria October 12, 1492: landed on an island near San Salvador Made four voyages to the New World Christopher Columbus

10 1497: John Cabot landed in Newfoundland First European given credit for reaching the North American mainland Vasco da Gama: discovered sea route to India around Africa Magellan: responsible for the 1 st expedition to circle the globe Other Early Explorers

11 Ponce de Leon (1513): landed in what is now Florida Balboa: crossed the Isthmus of Panama to reach the Pacific Ocean Cortés (1519): landed in present-day Mexico & (1521) conquered Aztecs Nárvaez (1527): unsuccessful expedition to the Cape of Florida – led to his death Spain in the New World

12 Seven Cities of Cibola: false reports of houses of gold & turquoise enticed Mendoza Coronado (appointed by Mendoza): led expedition (1000 men, 1500 horses & mules, and numbers of cattle & sheep) Financial disaster – yet territory claimed for Spanish empire Coronado & troops: followed a route through Oklahoma Panhandle Francisco Vásquez de Coronado

13 An ordained priest with Coronado expedition Did missionary efforts among the Indians He and his group warmly received at Quivira Padilla eventually ambushed – killed by Kaw Indians Padillas helpers vowed to carry a wooden cross across Oklahoma to the Gulf Coast (do Campo route) Juan de Padilla

14 Led 1539 expedition: 700 men, over 200 horses, dogs, and equipment Explored Florida & other areas in the Southeast 1542: wintered on the Arkansas River (died same year) Added to Spains land claims north of Mexico Brought diseases to Indians Hernando de Soto

15 1595: charged with settling New Mexico – mainly to spread Catholicism 1598: established San Juan de lost Cabelleros (first Spanish settlement in Nuevo Mexico) 1601: more legends of gold brought Oñate to Oklahoma Helped open the door to the multitude of changes to come Juan de Oñate

16 French: looking for furs & trade Bartered for food, furs, and more Founded Quebec Did not try to conquer Indians Treated Indians with more respect Did seek fabled route through the continent 1673: Jolliet & Marquette – expedition down Mississippi River France in the New World

17 Desired to set up trading posts down the Mississippi River Claimed land drained by Mississippi River for King Louis XIV of FranceKing Louis XIV of France Murdered by frightened & frustrated colonists His claim led to the first French colony – eventual exploration of Oklahoma La Salle

18 Jean Baptiste Bernard de la Harpe – established a trading post along the Red River Explored much of eastern Oklahoma Was impressed with the Indian nations and their lifestyle Also impressed with the land Established trading partners with the Indians & beginning of French trade La Harpe

19 French: placed importance on Oklahoma Mid-1700s: French explorers – Pierre- Antoine & Paul Mallet and Andre Fabre de la Bruyere Early French influence evident in names of rivers, geographical features, and communities in eastern Oklahoma & surnames found in Oklahoma families Other French Explorers

20 John Cabot (1497): provided Englands claim to North America 1588: Spanish Armadas defeat by England further ensured English dominance of New World Unsuccessful attempts to find fabled Northwest Passage By end of 1600s twelve English colonies along Atlantic CoastEnglish colonies Indian life affected by Europeans England in the New World Click here to return to Main Menu.

21 Section 2: European-Indian Contact ESSENTIAL QUESTION: – What were the effects on Indians of contact with Europeans?

22 Section 2: European-Indian Contact What words do I need to know? 1.economy 2.calumet 3.immunity

23 PREVIEW Check out the headings and subheadings Examine the pictures and read the captions Section 2: European-Indian Contact

24 Horse Sense Horses: an immediate & significant impact on Indian life Called magic dogs & wonder dogs Updated the Indians & allowed more permanent villages Extended the range of Indian life and adventure

25 Plants Included maize (corn), beans, potatoes, squash, pumpkins, cacao, tomatoes, bell peppers, peanuts, passion fruit, sunflowers, & almost 50 varieties of berries Indians, for thousands of years, grew, chewed, and smoked tobacco – it became a major export to Europe

26 Disease Europeans: brought diseases to Indians In Mexico: as many as 9 million out of 10 million may have died from diseases and/or battle Smallpox: deadliest to all Indians Immunity too late to rebuild Indian population prior to being conquered Click here to return to Main Menu.

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