Presentation on theme: "Motives for European exploration of the New World"— Presentation transcript:
1 Motives for European exploration of the New World God, Gold, GloryMotives for European exploration of the New World
2 God Religious freedom ~ Puritans (1620s) came to practice religion their own wayProtestant Reformation ~A split in the Catholic church (1500s); Catholic & Protestant countries spread their brand of Christianity to the New World
3 Gold Natural Resources ~ Gold, Silver, new food/plant items Wealth (Mercantilism) ~ Colonies exist to benefit the mamma country; wealth was taken out of the colonies to enrich treasuriesNorthwest Passage to Asia ~ lucrative trade route was Holy Grail of exploration
4 GloryRivalry between nations ~ more territory meant more national gloryNationalism ~ a pride in one’s nation.
6 European treatment of Native Americans In general, Natives were viewed as inferior & to be exploited for economic, political & religious gain.Spanish policy ~ conquer, enslave, intermarryFrench policy ~ alliances, trade (furs), relatively good relationship, few French colonistsEnglish policy ~ coexisted initially followed by warfare. English saw Natives as “savage”; Natives were threatened by English land grab
7 Review What were 3 Economic reasons for exploration? 1. Natural resources2. Northwest Passage3. Economic opportunities (see push factors)What were 2 Social reasons?1. Religious freedom from persecution2. Settlement opportunities for debtors & the poorWhat was 1 major Political reason?1. Expansion of the power and influence of the European countries (ie. England’s position against Spain)