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Africa Infrastructure Investment Conference

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Presentation on theme: "Africa Infrastructure Investment Conference"— Presentation transcript:

1 Africa Infrastructure Investment Conference
Angola Business Opportunities Economy,Infrastructure and Industry July Presentation by: Maria Luísa Abrantes, PhD Chair and CEO of ANIP

2 ANIP – Angolan National Private Investment Agency
ANIP is the only government entity responsible for the execution of the national policy on private investment, its promotion, evaluation, approval and monitoring.

3 Angola Geographical location data : West Coast of Southern Africa
Area: 1,246,700 km² Maritime Frontier: 1,650 km (Atlantic Ocean) Land Frontier: 4,837 km (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia and Namibia) Climate: Tropical Average Temperature : 30ºC (max) 17ºC (min) Inhabitants: 20,900,000 (projection) Capital: Luanda (more than 5,000,000 inhabitants) Administrative Division: 18 Provinces Main Ports: Lobito, Luanda and Namibe

4 Angola Main Rivers: Kwanza, Cunene and Cubango
Highest Point: Moco Hill (2,620m) in Huambo Main Beaches: Ilha do Cabo, Palmeirinhas and Mussulo in Luanda; Baía Azul, Cota and Caotinha (Benguela); Restinga (Lobito); Miragens, Azul (Namibe) Language: Portuguese (official), plus diverse local dialects, such as Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, Fiote and Chokwé Main Religions: Catholic and Protestant Currency: Kwanza (AKZ) Head of State: The President, José Eduardo dos Santos Government: Democracy led by MPLA

5 Introduction Angola is strategically located on the Atlantic Coast of West Africa, acting as a gateway to Southern and Central Africa by road and railroad networks. Angola holds approximately 12% of Africa’s hydrographic network and 7.4 million ha of arable land. Angola is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, anticipating a GDP of 7.1% in 2013. From 2002 to 2008, average GDP stood at 15.3%. From 2000 to 2012, average GDP stood at 8%. The IMF has stated that Angola’s governance and accountability are good.

6 As recommended by the IMF, international revenue reserves stand at over USD 30 billion, helping to stabilize the inflation rate of Angola’s currency, the Kwanza. The Angolan government’s main goals are to revamp and develop the economy by diversification, prioritizing the rehabilitation and construction of basic infrastructure, to enable the flow of people and goods, as a result of private investment in agriculture, agri-business, industry and fisheries. The main target is to reduce poverty and regional asymmetries.

7 From 2000 to 2011, the Angolan government invested an average of USD 4
From 2000 to 2011, the Angolan government invested an average of USD 4.7 billion per year in order to rehabilitate infrastructure. From 2013 to 2017 the government plans to spend an average of USD 1,4 billion per year to rehabilitate infrastructure. From 2002 to 2012 the Government rehabilitated 11 Airports and is currently constructing the new Luanda International Airport extending over an area of 1,324 hectares, having also rehabilitated 7,829 km of roads, 2,000 km of railroads and 552 bridges. Five damns were rehabilitated, namely: Mabubas, Gove Matala, Lomaúm Capanda (1st phase).

8 What are the Advantages of Investing in Angola?
Angola owns one of the greatest hydrographical network in all of Africa; and its main rivers are Kwanza, Zaire, Cunene and Cubango Rich in flora and fauna Diverse mineral ores : diamonds, iron, gold, phosphates, manganese, copper, lead, zinc, tin, wolfram, tungsten/vanadium, titanium, chrome, beryllium, kaolin, quartz, gypsum, marble, granite and uranium 7.4 million hectares of arable land and pastures, from which less than 3% are cultivated Political and economic stability since 2002 Angola is member of MIGA- Multilateral, Investment Garanty Agency From the World Bank.

9 Macroeconomic Indicators
2010 2011 2012 2013 Premises of the Economic Policy: ° Annual oil production (million/bbl.) 696 605,9 657,3 673,5 ° Oil Price (USD/bbl.) 77,9 110,1 103,8 96 Goals of the Situation: ° General rate of growth of GDP % 3,4 3,9 8,1 7,1 ° Non- Petroleum GVA growth rate % 7,8 9,7 9,1 6,6 ° Petroleum GVA growth rate % -3 5,6 4,3 7,3% ° Annual inflation rate % 15,3 11,4 9,02 9% Fiscal (Percentage of GDP): ° Revenue 43,7 42,2 43,3 38,2 ° Expenditure 36,5 33,4 35,6 41,6 ° Public deficit 2,90 1,4 9,4 -3,4 GDP (2012): USD 114,14 billion GDP per Capita (2012): USD 6,200 per year Source:

10 The Main Commercial Partners of Angola
2010 2011 2012 Products Main Commercial Partners Imports USD 18,1 biliões USD 19,75 biliões USD 22,32 biliões Machinery, Electric Equipment, vehicles and parts, medicines, food products, textiles, military goods. Portugal, China, USA, Brazil, South Korea, France, Netherlands, South Africa Exports USD 52,3 biliões USD 65,8 biliões USD 71,95 biliões Oil, diamonds, sisal, fish, timber, cotton China, USA, France, South Africa, Canada,India, Taiwan Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

11 Investments Distribution
Foreign Direct Investment in Angola (2012) USD 115.5 billion Foreign Angolan Direct Investment (2012) USD 8.196 billion Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

12 Angola Needs Rehabilitation and construction of basic infrastructures
Development of the network of water and energy Construction and reconstruction of roads, bridges, railways, ports and airports Modernization and increase agricultural production Creating jobs through the implementation of new industries

13 Incentives are Given to Priority Areas
Infrastructures Industry Transportation; Agriculture and cattle breeding; Energy and water; Telecommunications; Fisheries Industrial hubs and free zones; Education and Health Hotel and Tourism

14 Reserved Sectors of the Government
- Production, distribution and sale of war material; - Central bank and matters related to national currency - Ownership of ports and airports - Basic infrastructure for the national telecommunication networks Government must be major shareholder - Local infrastructure when part of the basic Telecommunications System - Postal Services

15 Huambo, Bié, Moxico, Kuando Kubango, Cunene, Namibe, Malange and Zaire
Transfer of Dividends Zone A: Luanda, principal municipalities of Benguela, Lobito, Huila and Cabinda From USD 1 million up to USD 10 million, transfer of dividends upon third year. From USD 10 million up to USD 50 million, transfer of dividends upon second year. From USD 50 million, transfer of dividends upon first year. The rates of dividends to be transferred will be negotiated on a case-by-case basis and must be part of an investment’s articles of incorporation. Zone B: Remaining municipalities of Benguela, Cabinda, Huíla, Kwanza Norte, Kwanza Sul, Bengo, Uíge, Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul From USD 5 million, transfer of dividends upon first year. From USD 1 million to USD 5 million, transfer of dividends upon second year. Zone C: Huambo, Bié, Moxico, Kuando Kubango, Cunene, Namibe, Malange and Zaire To be Negotiated

16 Criteria for Applying Maximum Limits
Tax Incentives Economic Zones Industrial Tax Capital Gains Tax Property transfer Tax Criteria for Applying Maximum Limits Zone A Luanda, main municipalities of Benguela, Lobito, Huila and Cabinda 1 to 5 years Up to 3 years For the acquisition of land and real estate connected to the project Investments ≥ USD 50 million; Investments which generate ≥ 500 jobs; Zone B remaining municipalities of Benguela, Cabinda, Huíla, Kwanza Norte, Kwanza Sul, Bengo, Uíge, Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul 1 to 8 years Up to 6 years Investments ≥ USD 20 million; Investments which generate ≥ 500 jobs; Zone C Huambo, Bié, Moxico, Kuando Kubango, Cunene, Namibe, Malange and Zaire 1 to 10 years Up to 9 years In Zone C the subcontracts could also be eligible for tax exemption and reduction. The tax incentive is granted after the implementation of the project and at least 90% of the estimated work force being in place. The reduction in the percentage of the rate of tax may not exceed 50%.

17 Tax Incentives Tax incentives and benefits do not constitute a rule.
They are not granted automatically or for an indeterminate period of time. When considering the proportion and scaling of tax and customs incentives and benefits to be granted, criteria must take into account: a) The type and value of investment. b) The investment’s insertion into the country’s economic development strategy. c) Perception of direct and indirect capital gains. d) Complexity of investment. e) Estimated time required for a return on capital. f) Type of technology to be utilized. g) Commitment to reinvestment of profits. h) Volume of goods or services to be produced. i) Creation of production lines.

18 Tax Incentives Tax incentives or tax reductions are granted after negotiation on a case-by-case basis. An extraordinary tax incentive could be granted to: a) Investments declared highly relevant for strategic development. b) Investments capable of creating at least 500 jobs. c) Investments capable of contributing to a major boost in technological innovation and scientific research. d) Annual exports that could exceed USD 50 million. e) Investment projects evaluated at above USD 50 million.

19 Infrastructure Sector July 17-19, 2013
Presentation by: Maria Luísa Abrantes, PhD Chair and CEO of ANIP

20 1. The Transportation Sector

21 Strategy -Privatization, so that resources managed by the state could be transferred to the private sector. -Integration of Angolan transportation network into the SADC network. - Creation of authorities on an institutional level for the planning of road network. Creation of public institutes as regulatory bodies for different transportation subsectors. - Development of the three main corridors, originating from ports, by regenerating rail companies. - Revamping and modernizing ports and the shipping sector, bringing in private enterprise and appropriate management to re-establish the competitiveness of national companies. - Institutional reorganization and strengthening.

22 Areas of Investment Road Transportation Rail Transportation
-Interprovincial and intermunicipal passenger transportation. - Medium and long haul transportation of goods. Rail Transportation - State ownership and operation, through the CFL, CFB and CFM. -Open to private investment in the concession process, arrangement of funds, technical assistance and repairs, and supply of rolling stock, communications, etc. The government has approved a preliminary study, called “Ango Ferro”, to refurbish, upgrade, construct and extend the whole of Angola’s rail network.

23 Areas of Investment Corridors Ports - Malange, Lobito and Namibe.
The government believes that these three corridors warrant the same degree of priority, constituting an open area in which both public and private investment can operate, since they act as a support for the development of the national economy, access to the sea for land-locked countries, and stimulate regional development. Ports - Open to private investment in the concession process, arrangement of funds, technical assistance, supply of equipment, communications, etc. - Leasing port: Luanda. Operating ports: Lobito, Namibe, Cabinda, Soyo and Porto Amboim.

24 Rehabilitated Airports
City Area Passengers Capacity Parking Capacity Services 4 de Fevereiro International Airport Luanda 37543 m² 3,6 million 856 restaurants, bars, cafes, lounges, VIP/CIP and Special Visitors, Executive and first Class passengers, Duty Free, taxi 17 de Setembro Airport Benguela 4000 m² 400000 * 13 commercial spaces, VIP lounge, taxi to Benguela and Lobito Mukanka International Airport Lubango 500000 300 restaurants, stores, special lounges, taxi Catumbela International Airport Catumbela Saurimo Airport Lunda-Sul Joaquim Kapango Airport Kuito Luena Airport Luena

25 2. The Power Sector

26 Short-Term Projects Production
Rehabilitation and upgrade of production capacity of hydroelectric power plants (Cambambe and Gove) Construction of mini- hydroelectric plants (Chiumbe-Dala, in Moxico) Installation of gas turbines in Cabinda, Namibe, Dundo, Xagongo and Ondjiva Distribution Rehabilitation of the transportation and distribution network (Luena, Ndalatando, Malanje, Menongue and Soyo) Completion of Capanda-Luanda lines Interconnection of Northern, Central and Southern electrical system Connection of the city of Uíge to the Northern system Electrification of urban centers Extending of electrification to rural areas (solar village project )

27 Medium-Term Projects Completion of works on Cambambe (960 MW) and Laúca (2,000 MW) dams Construction of new hydroelectric power plants on the Kwanza river (Caculo-Cabaça) Increase in national generation capacity, by 2025, taking it from 1,000 MW to 9,000 MW (essentially for hydro and natural gas resources ) Boosting of renewable energies Beneficial utilization of other endogenous resources, which can take on a complemental role Construction of large hydroelectric and natural gas combined cycle power plants

28 Energy Production Projects
Natural Gas Soyo power plant (2015): fired by LNG. Investment of USD 2.5 billion, with a capacity of 750 MW. Wind Wind farm in Tombwa: the Namibe area boasts the most wind potential (5.2 m/second). Hybrid system (100 MW of wind power, solar MW, and thermal - 2 MV). Solar Solar Village Project : solar panels in rural communities (1st phase: 18 villages, 2nd phase: 42 communes). Biomass Project A: Beneficial utilization of central plateau forestry resources, along the Benguela railroad trajectory . Project B: Production of energy through combustion of solid waste.

29 Currently Operating Power Plants
Luanda MW CFL 120 Boavista 100 Cazenga Benfica 40 Morro Bento Km 9 Viana Morro da luz 30 Quartéis Viana 18 Total 538 Provinces MW Namibe 20 Lubango 80 Moxico 15 Dundo 30 Menongue 10 Cabinda 70 Bié Cunene Huambo Benguela 22 Uíge 3 Total 285 Source: Ministry of Energy & Water

30 Total Production Costs (USD/MWh)
Investments needed by 2015 (USD billion) Angola LNG 2 Refining 8 Logistics Retail 3 Total 15 Priority technologies (USD/Mwh) CCGT 65 Gas 75 Coal 80 Hydro 95 Complementary technologies (USD/Mwh) Mini-hydro 140 Wind 155 Diesel 170 Biomass 210 Solar 320~425 Source: Ministry of Energy & Water - Master Plan

31 3. The Water Sector

32 Angola ranks second in Africa when it comes to water resources, with abundant rainfall in almost all the country. In 60% of Angola an average annual rainfall of some 1,000 mm is recorded. Only 42.6% of the population (59.1% rural and 23.4% urban) has access to potable water. 59.6% of the population (59.1% rural and 23.4% urban) has access to piped water It is worthwhile to see the cities’ infrastructure, stretching grids, water treatment, supply and sewage system.

33 Dam Capacities (MW) Kwanza River 2012 2017 (proj.) Capanda 520 Lauca
2069 Caculo-Cabaça 2047 Cambambe 180 960 Total 700 5596 Cunene River Gove 60 Matala 20 40 Jamba la mina 126 Jamba la Oma 50 Ruacaná 240 320 516 Others Luachimo (Lunda-Norte) 4 36 Chicapa (Lunda-Sul) 18 Chiumbe Dala (Lunda-Sul) 12 Mabubas (Bengo) 26 Lomaum (Benguela) 108 170 Overall Total 1208 6282 Source: Ministry of Energy & Water

34 Goals to be Achieved “Water for All” Program (USD 650 million): to cover 80% of the water supply in rural areas. Construction of 5,000 new points and rehabilitation of 2,000 fountains. Provision of a per-capita minimum of 40 liters/day (fountains) and 70 liters/day (household water connections). Provide the 21 major hydrographic basins (43% of national territory) with integrated water resource management plans. In 2015, 20 million people will have access to sanitation, raising the proportion of people to 59% in rural areas and 81% in urban ones.

35 The Biopio and Chicapa dams need to be rebuilt.
A regional project for the Okavango River will cover an area of 323 square kilometers. 94.5% of the volume of water lies in Angola, with 2.9% in Namibia and 2.6% in Botswana.

36 4. The Telecommunications Sector

37 Delimitation by law of sectors
Law Nº 5/02 of April 16, 2002. Absolute Reserve of the State: Basic telecommunications network. Relative Reserve of the State: Telecommunications services for public use. and Economic activities liable to be engaged in by entities not belonging to the public sector, by way of a concession agreement. Challenges Increase competition in telephony market. Improve internet services offer and universalize it. Improve corporate segment offer. Develop national and international backbone. Regulate pay-tv duopoly.

38 Major Liberalized Market Operators
Cellular Telephony Business: UNITEL and MOVICEL. Landline Service Licenses: Mercury (Sonangol Subsidiary), Nexus, Wezacom and Mundo Startel. Data Communication Licenses: Multitel and ACS. Ten authorized ISPs.

39 Business Opportunities in The Industrial Sector

40 1. Agro-Industries

41 Advantagens More irrigated areas: Major Crops:
Internal market potential; Agrarian potential due to 3 million hectares of arable land; Favorable climatic conditions; Genetic biodiversity; Environment without a polluted atmosphere or soil; Existence of abundant water; More irrigated areas: Bengo, Cabinda, Luanda and Huíla. Major Crops: Tubers, cereals and fruits.

42 Government Programs Promotion of agro-business: Agro-industrial hubs
Cofee and Palm Oil development programmes Construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure in irrigated areas warehouses ans silos Research and development Training

43 2. Manufacturing Sector

44 Priority Industries Agro-industries; Beverage industry,
Foodstuff Industry Milling Industry Beverage industry, Packaging industry; Tanning and Pelt industry Textile Industry; Paper industry; Rubber industry; Electrical equipment industry; Chemical industry; Light metal and metal products; Construction material; Automotive industry;

45 2013 – 2017 Goals Provide support for competitive substitution of imports and promotion of exports through incentive systems and the temporary protection of emerging industries; Provide support for rural economy; Produce more studies and/or programs for the launch of more substantial industrial investments; Increase natural resources value chain; Upgrade existing industrial equipment and promote the monitoring of industrial structure; Promote industrial development at regional level, underpinning it on industrial development hubs and special economic zones; Regulate restructuring, legal and privatization issues related to Industrial Companies; Increase institutional capacity in industrial sector and support for the development of country ‘s private sector and social groups; Improve quality-control process in industry.

46 Subprograms to Support Industrial Development
Infrastructure projects, for setting up Industrial plants, with the construction of roads, sidewalks, sewerage systems, installation of water, electricity, telecommunications and firefighting systems in the Industrial development centers of: Viana Bom Jesus Lucala Fútila Catumbela Caála

47 Subprograms to Support Industrial Development (cont.)
Projects for the construction of industrial parks in some of the industrial development centers planned for the country: Uíge Soyo Dondo Kunje Matala Preparation of feasibility studies focusing on launching the basic infrastructure needed to construct the Kassinga industrial development hub. Institutionalization and ongoing creation of infrastructure, with the construction of sidewalks, sewerage systems, water, electricity, telecommunications, and firefighting systems in the special economic zone of Luanda - Bengo

48 3. Mining Sector

49 Independent mining activity has been limited to diamonds and, on a smaller scale, to the extraction of marble and granite. Angola has numerous mineral deposit, including: Diamonds; Iron; Gold; Phosphates; Manganese; Copper Lead; Zinc; Wolfram; Uranium Tungsten/Vanadium; Titanium; Chrome; Tin; Beryllium; Quartz; Gypsum Marble; Granite;

50 Public Private Partnership PPP are allowed following the appropriated legislation.

51 Thank you! Invest in the future, Invest in Angola!
PowerPoint by: Maria Luísa Abrantes & Ana Karina Silva Translation by: Lynn de Albuquerque


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