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By: Dr. Nour Wahba Dental Intern Faculty of Dentistry Ain Shams University.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Dr. Nour Wahba Dental Intern Faculty of Dentistry Ain Shams University."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Dr. Nour Wahba Dental Intern Faculty of Dentistry Ain Shams University

2 Overview Introduction: - Tooth structure - Primary & permanent teeth Decay: - What is decay? - Effect of bacteria on teeth - How to deal with decay? - Preventive & therapeutic measures Ramadan: - How to have healthy teeth in Ramadan

3 Tooth Structure

4 Enamel طبقة المينا Pulp العصب Dentin طبقة العاج

5 Primary (Baby) Teeth

6

7 Primary Teeth No.: 10 upper and 10 lower 20 total Age: 6 months - 2 yrs Upper teeth: 4 incisors, 2 canines and 2 molars Lower teeth: 4 incisors, 2 canines and 2 molars

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9 Permanent Teeth

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11 Permanent teeth: No.: 16 upper and 16 lower 32 total Upper teeth: 4 incisors, 2 canines, 4 premolars and 6 molars Lower teeth: 4 incisors, 2 canines, 4 premolars and 6 molars

12 What is Decay?!

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14

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16 انه احلي ؟ ! ؟ !

17 Calculus and stains covering teeth Root exposure and gum recession on lower teeth

18 يعني هاعيش يا دكتور؟ !

19 How to deal with Decay?! Preventive measures Therapeutic measures

20 How to deal with Decay?! Preventive measures: - Tooth brushing - Tooth flossing - Mouth wash - Water pick - Interdental brush - Fluoridation

21 1-Tooth brushing: 1.Type of tooth brush 2.Type +amount of tooth paste 3. Tooth brush + tooth paste 4. Technique +time 5. Frequency

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23 2- Teeth flossing: 1.Frequency 2.Technique

24 3- Mouth Wash: -Types -Frequency

25 4-Water pick 5- Interdental brush Super floss (bridges)

26 6- Fluoridation

27 Diagnosis of decay General check up every 6 months Professional scaling and polishing every 6 months Symptoms: - Pain on cold and sweets. - Food impaction - Pain on cold and hot - Disturbance of sleep due to pain RCT

28 therapeutic measures: - Filling: normal filling root canal treatment - Scaling & deep curettage: cleaning of pockets - extraction: destructed teeth loose teeth

29 Filling 1- Normal fillings:

30 Deep filling 2- Root canal treatment:

31 Scaling and root planing

32

33 extraction 3- hopeless teeth:

34 video

35 Ramadan Precautions: 1- frequency of tooth brushing 2- sticky food 3- السواك

36 السواك عن عائشة رضي الله عنها عن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - قال : " السواك مطهرة للفم مرضاة للرب "..

37 السواك طريقة استخدامه :

38 Take home message! Tooth brushing prevents tooth decay! Brush your teeth after each meal and before bed! Brush + paste Floss your teeth every other day! Avoid sticky food as caramel Eat dessert right after your meal! Check up on your teeth every 6 months Do professional cleaning for your teeth every 6 months! Whenever you feel tooth pain visit your dentist!

39 Refrences

40 اللهم بلغت اللهم فاشهد Thank you


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