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Basic Traffic Stops Law Enforcement I
Objectives The student will be able to: 1. Define an accurate traffic stop. 2. Demonstrate safe and effective mock traffic stops. 3. Evaluate peer traffic stop performance. UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Before The Stop Observes a violationResponds to a call involving criminal activity and finds the suspect vehicle Has a reasonable suspicion UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Before The Stop Picks a safe spot to initiate a traffic stopTurns on the lightbar Dispatches information over the radio Location License plate Anything else dispatch may need to know Number of occupants Color and type of car Unusual and/or suspicious activity UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Before The Stop Positions the vehicleTo the left of the violator Turned towards the left Observes the occupants while looking for unusual movement UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Before The Stop Observes the occupants looking for unusual movementShines a spotlight into the center of the vehicle or the driver's side mirror, if performing the traffic stop at night Remembers the importance of keeping the element of surprise Uses various approaches when necessary UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop The officer, during the approach:Moves toward the violator quickly Looks for oncoming traffic before exiting the vehicle Confirms the possession of all essential equipment (flashlight, notepad, pen, etc.) Checks the trunk Stands at an advantageous position (behind or in front) UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop The officer uses the 7 Step Method:Greets and shows identification States the violation that was committed Asks for the driver’s identification States an action before it is taken Takes the stated action Explains what the violator must do Leaves UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop The officer must:Maintain sight of the violator’s hands Look for weapons or contraband in plain view UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop The officer obtains:Driver's license or identification card Correct information, avoiding the name game Proof of insurance UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop Returns to vehicle Runs the informationWrites the ticket, confirms the warrant, etc. UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop Gives a verbal warning or writes a ticketReturns to the violator and gives a warning or ticket Says, “You are receiving a ticket.” Does not say, “I am giving you a ticket.” Thanks the violator for exhibiting courtesy and cooperation UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop Discovers a warrant and arrests the violatorHas dispatch confirm the warrant Requests backup Keeps an eye on the occupants Follows the steps of warrant arrest UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
During The Stop The steps of warrant arrestApproaches the driver and has him or her step out to the back of the vehicle when backup arrives Makes the arrest Releases the vehicle to a third party Leaves the vehicle parked in a secure area Impounds the vehicle if it is a traffic hazard Performs an inventory Takes the violator to jail UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
After The Stop Clears with a disposition on the radio Verbal warningTicket En route to jail UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Passengers Passengers may: Give their information if you askRefuse to give requested information Exit the vehicle and leave because the driver is the only one detained UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Possible Scenarios The officer smells MarijuanaHas the violator step out of the vehicle and calls for backup immediately Searches for marijuana wherever it may be hidden UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Possible Scenarios The officer smells Alcoholic beverageTakes the keys out of the ignition if necessary Calls for backup Administers Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs) UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Possible Scenarios The officer sees a gun on the passenger seatDraws his or her weapon Has the occupant exit the vehicle Puts the violator in handcuffs Performs a Terry Stop or Frisk UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Possible Scenarios The officer observes fervent movement, and then searches the area as a safety precaution The driver jumps out of the vehicle due to extreme emotion (anger, confusion, etc.); the officer has them get back into the vehicle UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Some Reactions of DriversNon-responsive Accusations of racial motivation Passive Mixed/combination Crying/emotional Verbally Angry Physically Angry Totally Compliant UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Expected Reactions of DriversNervousness (is normal) Extreme Nervousness (something else is going on) Disrespectful Making racial accusations Complaining Verbally abusive Does not take it personally Appreciates the humor when appropriate Nice and respectful until a ticket is received UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Expected Reactions of DriversAlways remember that there is no such thing as a routine traffic stop. UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Officer Radio ProceduresIdentifies him or herself Tells dispatch when he or she is on a traffic stop by using the code “4111 traffic” Waits for dispatch to acknowledge, and then gives the location of the traffic stop Tells dispatch the license plate twice UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Call Letters A H O V B I P W C J Q X D K R Y E L S Z F M T G N U AdamHenry O Ocean V Victor B Boy I Ida P Paul W William C Charles J John Q Queen X X-Ray D David K King R Robert Y Young E Edward L Lincoln S Sam Z Zebra F Frank M Mary T Tom G George N Nora U Union UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Officer Radio ProceduresGives any other pertinent information such as the number of occupants, suspicious movements or items, etc. Waits for dispatch to respond and then makes an approach Says “4111 check one” after making initial contact Waits for dispatch to respond UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Officer Radio ProceduresGives dispatch the persons: Last name First name Date of birth Sex and Race Waits for dispatch to acknowledge by calling his or her officer number Responds with, “Go ahead” Listens for dispatch response Says, “4111 receive” UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Officer Radio ProceduresIf dispatch informs the officer that the violator has a warrant and the officer decides to arrest the violator, the officer says, “Go ahead and confirm the warrant” After completing the stop and returning to the squad car the officer says, “4111 is clear traffic with a (ticket or warning or arrest)” UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Resources Texas Commission on Law Enforcement Officers Standards and Education (TCLOESE) Training Officer’s experience on-the-job UNT in partnership with TEA, Copyright ©. All rights reserved.
Basic Traffic Stops Law Enforcement I. Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROGRAM CONDUCTING BASIC TRAFFIC STOPS.
Felony Traffic Stops Law Enforcement I. Copyright © Texas Education Agency All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission.
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