Presentation on theme: "Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership"— Presentation transcript:
1Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership 21 June 2012Place-making and place-keeping of open spaces – MP4 Harry Smith – Heriot-Watt University
2MP4 Project Aims ( )Funded by EU – Interreg IVB North Sea RegionDemonstrate how positive socio-economic impacts of open space improvements can be maintained in long termProvide solutions for maintenance & management needsMainstream best practice in place-keeping across North Sea RegionEmbed place-keeping innovations into policyDevelop shared agenda for long-term open space improvementHafenCity, HamburgFirth Park, SheffieldTemalekplats playground, Malmö
4Place-makingCreation of high-quality places that people want to visit, experience and enjoyImplies a people-centred approachHealth and wellbeingSense of belonging and attachmentWelcoming and inclusive placesHafenCity, Hamburg; River Don, Sheffield; Hailes Quarry Park, Edinburgh.
5Place-keepingWhat happens ‘after’ high quality places have been createdRetaining, maintaining and enhancing the qualities and benefits through LTMLong-term management of placesto ensure that the social, environmental and economic quality and benefits can be enjoyed by future generationsE.g. trees in park growing to maturity (increased biodiversity/ aesthetic value/ interest)‘after’ to indicate that it is not a simple matter of ‘place-making’ leading to ‘place-keeping’. But will refer to this in two slides’ time.Woesten, West Flanders; Leuven, Flemish Brabant; Manor & Castle, Sheffield.
6Place-making and place-keeping A process leading to a product?A process influenced by the type of product required?A two-way relationship between process and product where place-keeping is considered at the beginning?
7MP4 Activites Assessment of current practice Case studiesLiterature reviewDemonstration – pilot projectsAssess partnership and agreementsEvaluate process and productIdentify ways to improve, share good practiceInformation sharing, influencingOutputs – knowledge transferChanging practice and policyGrassmarket, Edinburgh, Scotland; Bürgerpark, Bremen, Germany; Aarhus, Denmark.
8PolicyWidespread area-based policy initiatives are based on place-keeping ideasPlace-keeping often included in policy guidance, but not in statutory legislationsome aspects may be covered by policy (e.g. health+safety)Rules/ regulations may influence use + behavioure.g. through signageaims to support long-term positive use of and behaviour
9Policy Gothenburg Strategic Park Programme 5 strategies for the landscape of Göteborg:1. Identify and enhance the characteristics2. Make sure that green areas are accessible and within reach3. Make sure every place is taken care of (=place keeping)4. Make places and spaces available for the residents to use5. Create diversified environments
10Governance & engagement The processes of interaction between public, private, third sector and community partners involved in place-keepingGovernment does not work in isolation, but through the above relations with a range of stakeholdersParticipatory model of decision-making:is underpinned by democracyputs emphasis on consensus
11Governance & engagement Shared space in Barger-Compascuum, NL Town CouncilResidents(Comm. Group)Reflection group(centre group)Project teamProject groupCommunicationDesignImplementation
12Partnerships Agreed shared responsibility for place-keeping Partnerships are effective in achieving place-keeping, especially:a combination of public-private-third sectorwhere the local community is involved + engagedEmmen, the Netherlands; Steilshoop, Hamburg; Woesten, Belgium.
13Partnerships Ripples in the Pond, Firth Park, Sheffield Joint partnership project between Friends of Firth Park and Parks & Countryside ServiceFriends Group – highly involved in consultation, securing funding, design development, tenderingOwnership/EmpowermentIdentity – local identity & site history fed into designDesign – innovative and adventurous, bespoke to the siteSustainability – ongoing maintenance and community use
14Funding/ finance Funding is crucial for place-keeping but limited ideally in place from the outset/ place-making stageFunding easier to access for place-makingplace-keeping costs often not consideredTends to come from the public sectorthe funding of place-keeping is not statutoryplace-keeping is particularly at risk when budgets are cut
15Funding/ finance From BIDs to NIDs, Hamburg Business Improvement DistrictsJoint financing of public realm improvements via obligatory levyAdditional to public provisionLandowners in Germany; businesses in UKNeighbourhood (Housing) Improvement DistrictsLegislated for in Hamburg in 2007Pilot project in Steilshoop
16EvaluationWide range of existing tools: e.g. awards, competitions, user counts, surveys but…not a statutory obligation & not carried out regularlyEvaluation often not a priorityit can be costly and time-intensivebut can lead to secure funding for place-keeping (e.g. Green Flag (UK))Can everything be measured?e.g. quality/ aesthetic value…?increasing attempts to give landscape/ green space a monetary value
17Evaluation Sociotope mapping, Gothenburg Lövgärdet and Eriksbo: two deprived 1960s/70s housing estates with under-used adjacent nature areasIdentified high priority areas through sociotope map and park plan
18ChallengesPolicy: How can we improve the current policy framework for place-keeping?Governance: What can and should the role of government, business and communities be in the place-keeping of open space?Partnerships: How can long-lasting partnerships be formed that ensure access to resources and deliver place-keeping that meets the needs of different stakeholders?Funding/finance: How can the economic benefits of open spaces be harnessed to secure funding of place-keeping?Evaluation: How can barriers be overcome to ensure more widespread evaluation of open space that contributes to it its long-term management?Design: How can open space be designed to facilitate long-term management?