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13/06/2014, 1 ST Parks: Where successful and innovative companies of Nokia type grow ADVISORY LECTURES BRATISLAWA JANUARY 2008 N TAPANI SAARINEN VICE PRESIDENT.

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Presentation on theme: "13/06/2014, 1 ST Parks: Where successful and innovative companies of Nokia type grow ADVISORY LECTURES BRATISLAWA JANUARY 2008 N TAPANI SAARINEN VICE PRESIDENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 13/06/2014, 1 ST Parks: Where successful and innovative companies of Nokia type grow ADVISORY LECTURES BRATISLAWA JANUARY 2008 N TAPANI SAARINEN VICE PRESIDENT BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

2 13/06/2014, 2

3 13/06/2014, 3 FINLAND Population:5.2 million Area: km 2 GDP/capita: PhD students SLOVAKIA Population:5.4 million Area: km 2 GDP/capita: PhD students9 000

4 13/06/2014, 4 THE WORLD CHANGES RAPIDLY YOU WON´T BELIEVE, ´TILL YOU SEE

5 13/06/2014, 5

6 13/06/2014, 6 Mobira Talkman MD (as 2007 money) NOKIA 1600 BLACK May

7 13/06/2014, 7 City of Turku Turku Science Park Competitive Finland

8 13/06/2014, 8 Science Parks

9 13/06/2014, 9 DM Copyright © Tekes Innovation environment in Finland Private Basic researchApplied researchBusiness R&D Business development Marketing Internationalisation R&D at companies 3,880 The figures represent the total extent of each organisation in million euros in 2005, those marked with star in 2004 or earlier. In parenthesis the share that is funded from the State budget. ** includes venture capital funds from the Finnish Industry Investment Ltd Business Angels approx. 380* Public Finnvera 406 (40) Universities 1,040 (454)* Academy of Finland 219 (219) Ministries, TE-Centres, sectorial research 312 (221)* Tekes 430 (430) VTT 225 (78) From abroad 169* Innofin 6 (5) Finpro 32 (20) Venture capitalists: Private 268** Finnish Industry Investment: direct 13, venture capital funds 42, seed funding 11 Sitra 29

10 13/06/2014, 10 Tekes Sitra Key actors of the Finnish innovation environment Finnish Industry Investment Ltd Business Angels Investors Companies Research institutes Universities Academy of Finland Science and Technology Policy Council Ministry of Education Associations Inventions Private investments in innovation Technology Centres Centres of Expertise Polytechnics Regional TE-Centres Regional Councils Finnvera Finpro EU structural funds for innovation Ministry of Employment and the Economy Other ministries Investments in different sectors like environment, health and traffic National public investment in innovation and know-how DM Copyright © Tekes Key actors of the Finnish innovation environment Invest in Finland National Board of Patents and Registrations of Finland

11 13/06/2014, Universities Students , of which new students Qualifications/year Personnel FINNISH UNIVERSITIES (+ 30 Polytechnics with Students) 22% OF THE POPULATION HAVE AN ACADEMIC DEGREE

12 13/06/2014, 12 Agropolis Carelian Science Park Culminatum Finn-Medi Research Foodwest Helsinki Business & Science Park Hämeenlinna Technology Centre Jyväskylä Science Park Kajaani Science Park Ketek Kuopio Technology Centre Teknia Media Tampere Neopoli Otaniemi Science Park PrizzTech Seinäjoki Technology Centre Tampere Technology Centre Technopolis TechVilla Technology Centre Kareltek Technology Centre Merinova Turku Science Park OPERATIVE COMPANIES 30 technology and science parks 550 employees 100 M turnover SCIENCE PARKS enterprises and organizations experts m2 FINNISH SCIENCE PARKS

13 13/06/2014, 13 Network in Finland of: DM Copyright © Tekes University Regional university unit Polytechnic Polytechnic regional unit VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland or other public research institute Regional unit of public sector research institute Technology centre Universities, Polytechnics Public research institutes Technology centres

14 13/06/2014, 14 Finland – a Country of Top Education 1st Place2nd Place3rd Place Mathematical literacy FinlandKoreaThe Netherlands Reading literacy FinlandKoreaCanada Scienctific literacy FinlandJapanKorea Problem solving KoreaFinlandJapan Learning outcomes for schoolchildren: Source: OECD PISA 2003 Study

15 13/06/2014, 15 The Global Competitiveness Report United States 2. Switzerland 3. Denmark 4. Sweden 5. Germany 6. Finland 7. Singapore 8. Japan 9. UK 10. The Netherlands Source: World Economic Forum, Global Competitiveness Report Overall Competitiveness Index

16 13/06/2014, 16 R&D investments in some countries DM 36109, and Copyright © Tekes Percentage of GDP Sources: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, Finland 2005 and 2006, Statistics Finland Prel. Israel Sweden FINLAND Japan Korea Iceland USA Germany Denmark Austria Singapore OECD France Canada Great Britain Norway China Ireland

17 Source: Statistics Finland R&D expenditure in Finland DM Copyright © Tekes Billion euros Enterprises Universities Other public research

18 Total 5.8 billion euros, 3.5 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in In 2006 Tekes allocated 477 million euros for R&D projects. R&D input in Finland DM Copyright © Tekes Public sector 1.7 billion euros 4.1 billion euros Enterprises Sources: Statistics Finland and Tekes

19 Companies share of total R&D funding in 2003 DM and Copyright © Tekes Source: Eurostat %

20 Venture capital investments Average Source: OECD, Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2005 DM 36104, and Copyright © Tekes Percent of GDP Expansion phaseEarly phase

21 13/06/2014, 21 Finnish Innovations Heart rate monitor ABLOY ® Long-acting intrauterine contraceptive system MIRENA ® Range of foods and drinks with a unique cholesterol lowering ingredient Benecol ® Xylitol Utilization of Xylitol e.g. in chewing gums and pastilles to prevent caries

22 13/06/2014, 22 THE AIM AND MISSION OF THE GOVERNMENT IS TO PROVIDE FOR BOTH ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION ACTIVITIES WORLDS BEST OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT. Finnish Government Platform 2007

23 13/06/2014, 23 CoE

24 13/06/2014, 24 City of Turku Turku Science Park Competitive Finland

25 13/06/2014, Million People within 1000 km Radius

26 13/06/2014, 26 Academia Aboensis, the Åbo Akademi, was founded already in It reached the top level of science by the end of 1700s Today Turku has three universities and the largest polytechnic (University of Applied Sciences) in Finland Turku – an Educational Centre with Traditions

27 13/06/2014, 27 THE 4 PHASES OF UNIVERSITY DEVELOPMENT ( WALSH ; 1990, SAARINEN 1994, 2004) PRINCIPAL INFLUENECES PRIME FUNCTIONS AND OUTCOMES ON THE UNIVERSITIES CHURCH EDUCATION PRIESTS, MED DOCTORS, LAWYERS (Alma Mater Bologna ca ) CHURCH AND STATE EDUCATION PRIESTS, MED DOCTORS, LAWYERS (ca ) CIVIL CERVANTS STATE EDUCATION CIVIL CERVANTS, PROFESSIONALS (ca )RESEARCH PURE AND APPLIED The era of traditional industrialism, continuous growth, large scale ENTERPRISES, STATEEDUCATION KEY MANPOWER (ca ) RESEARCH PURE AND APPLIED, GOOD AND BAD The era of information technology, virtual organisations, smaller scale INNOVATION BROKERS ?UTILISATION? GLOBAL KEY MANPOWER OF RESEARCH? START UPS ??? and 5th

28 13/06/2014, 28 Turku, the oldest town (778 yrs) in Finland, the clear heart of the South-Western part of the country, hosts economical area of inhabitants Turku is the European Capital of Culture in year 2011

29 13/06/2014, 29 Favourable Location in the Fast Growing Baltic Sea Region The most high-level and most international centre of research and innovation after the capital region World class competence in the biotechnology and maritime clusters The highest GEP forecast of production growth, employment and population development in Finland until the year 2010¹ ) Near the European markets – located along the transport corridors of all the Nordic countries Good connections by flight, road, train and ferries ¹ ) ETLA 2006 TURKU Moscow St Petersburg Stockholm Helsinki Gothenburg Oslo Copenhagen Berlin Paris Rome Brussels Gdansk London Milan Düsseldorf

30 13/06/2014, 30 Liberty of the Seas

31 13/06/2014, 31 City of Turku Turku Science Park Competitive Finland

32 13/06/2014, 32 SCIENCE PARK CONCEPT TO CONVERT KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERTISE INTO ACTION, PRODUCTION AND INVESTMENTS The Product of a Science Park is contact, which leads into activity

33 13/06/2014, 33 SCIENCE PARK CONCEPT CoE Programme

34 13/06/2014, 34 MISSION OF SCIENCE PARKS © N.T. Saarinen Turku Science Park Jan.2003 ENHANCE INDUSTRIAL PROFILE * BUILD THE IMAGE OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMY * IMPORTANT ROLE IN INNOVATION AND INDUSTRIAL RENEVAL * SUPPORT THE FORMATION OF BUSINESSES * NURTURE ENTREPRENEURSHIP * INTERMEDIATES BETWEEN ACADEMIA AND INDUSTRY * CATALYST FOR THE COMMERCIALISATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS * TRANSFORMER OF IDEAS INTO NEW PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES Patrick Dubarle; OECD Territorial Development Service; Quebec 2002

35 13/06/2014, 35 TRIPLE HELIX ACADEMIA INDUSTRY SOCIETY

36 13/06/2014, 36 SUCCES FACTORS OF SCIENCE PARKS INFRASTRUCTURE LOGISTICS; COMMUNICATIONS SITE; POSSIBILITY TO GROW LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE UNIVERSITIES; RESEARCH INSTITUTES PEOPLE COORDINATION OGRGANISED; RESOURSED RECOGNIZED LEADERSHIP COOPERATION TRIPLE HELIX COMMITMENT FLOW OF KNOWLEDGE

37 13/06/2014, 37 Responsible for the management and development of Turku Science Park - in close co-operation with the local universities, polytechnics, companies and public actors Takes care of the strategic management of the Turku Science Park area and activities as well as marketing and business development services. Promoting innovation and new businesses based on the knowledge and expertise from local universities and companies Enhancing the internationalization and growth of BioTurku ® – cluster and ICT Turku –cluster Turku Science Park Ltd - Accelerating Innovative Growth

38 13/06/2014, 38 To promote businesses based on local university knowledge Mission Regional development company and neutral intermediate between research, business and the public sector Role Turku Science Park Ltd

39 13/06/2014, 39 Operative coverage Focus Areas Biotechnology Life Sciences ICT Applied ICT

40 13/06/2014, 40 1.External R&D funding, VC and investments to focal areas 2.Number of employees in focal areas 3.The city´s and region´s image as a centre for high-tech Strategic Goals

41 13/06/2014, 41 Turku Science Park - a Strong Platform for High-tech three universities two polytechnics university hospital employees students 400 professors 300 companies and organisations over m 2 of premises an integral 5 km² area within a walking distance from the city-centre

42 13/06/2014, 42 Organizations by type: Bio ICT Other technology Services Research and education 23%25%12% 28% 12% Number of organizations: Attractive Location for High-tech

43 13/06/2014, 43 The Chairmen: Tom von Weymarn, The Chairman of the Board, also Chairman of the Board in TeliaSonera Ab and Lännen Tehtaat Plc Tero Hirvilammi, Vice-Chairman of the Board, Deputy Mayor for Competence and Business Development in the city of Turku Board members: Pauliina de Anna, 2nd Vice-Chair of the City Board (City of Turku) Rabbe Klemets, Chairman of the Board in Klemets Management Ltd Seppo Lehtinen, 1st Vice-Chair of the City Board (City of Turku) Björn Mattsson, Chairman of the Board in Patria Plc and Nordkalk Plc Aleksi Randell, Member of the Turku City Council, Special Adviser of the Minister of Communication Matti K. Viljanen, Professor, Vice-Rector in University of Turku Business-driven Board of Directors for Turku Science Park Ltd

44 13/06/2014, professors 260 scientists 2000 university students 2000 polytechnic students Graduate School 20 new PhDs per year 120 professors ~1000 scientists in ~80 groups 8000 university students 350 polytechnic students 8 Graduate Schools 80 new PhDs / MDs per year Solid Scientific Base – Source of Innovations and Experts

45 13/06/2014, 45 ICT Turku has a Solid Scientific Base 35 professors, 260 scientists, 2000 university students, 2000 polytechnic students, 20 new PhDs per year Turku Center for Computer Science TUCS, Turku Polytechnic and Diaconia Polytechnic, Finland´s Future´s Research Center, Institute for Advanced Management Systems Research IAMSR, Crest… Wide scope of testing and verification equipment and services through area university and polytechnic high-end laboratories available for both education, and active cooperation with the industry

46 13/06/2014, 46 Personnel in ICT-companies (Luotain) Established ICT-business is large in national comparison Turnover of ICT-companies, m (Luotain)

47 13/06/2014, 47 The 2 nd largest region in Finland in terms of ICT turnover Large stock of companies Growth rate of turnover has slowed down The share of services is growing Very few mid-sized companies A number of well-established companies: Nokia, Auria/TSF, TS Group, Teleste, Finlux, TietoEnator, Aspocomp as well as new rising stars, e.g. GoodMood, ImageTalk, Sanako 91 % 1 % 3 % 4 % 1 % < 10' ' ' >100 Company size by personnel Established ICT-business is large in national comparison

48 13/06/2014, 48 Companies Aiming at International Success Cable Networks, Video networks Wireless handheld terminals Virtual Learning Webcasting Language technology, ebooks Process Improvement Solutions CAD/CAM consulting and engineering Mobile digital television (DVB-H) Media (newspaper, TV, radio...)

49 13/06/2014, 49 Incubation period (1-3 years) Incubation Process Pre-Incubation Evaluation Selection and finance decisions Exit

50 13/06/2014, 50 Results of the Business Incubation Process Over 160 start­ups 1989 – 2007 Success rate % Over 850 new jobs Currently in the Incubator: 10 bio companies 15 ICT companies 7 companies of other fields

51 13/06/2014, 51 SparkNet – the Widest Wireless Local Area Network in Finland Over 2000 wireless access points registrated users Free for university staff and students as well as city employees Test bed for new technologies and facilitator of cooperation

52 13/06/2014, 52 FINLAND – LIFE AND SCIENCES THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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