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©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 1 Humanbiomonitoring in Europe COPHES - DemoCOPHES Ministère de la Santé – Villa Louvigny – Luxembourg
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 2 Environment and Health Introduction Classic studies: –Influence: Humans on Environment healthy environment Modern studies (i.e. Cophes and Democophes) –Influence: Environment on humans environmental health
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 3 Environmental Health Introduction Daily life exposure to environmental pollutants –is not a matter of whether you are exposed! –It is a matter of how much you are exposed
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 4 Environmental Health Introduction: Exposure vs dosis/time Environmental health –Time of exposure long term –Dosis low level –Presence multiple combinatory effects investigations needed –Knowledge poor Classic toxicology –Time of exposure short term –Dosis high level –Presence single known effects ADI, NOEL, LD50 –Knowledge documented Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization as: - Those aspects of the human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially affect health. - Environmental health as used by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, includes both the direct pathological effects of chemicals, radiation and some biological agents, and the effects (often indirect) on health and wellbeing of the broad physical, psychological, social and aesthetic environment which includes housing, urban development, land use and transport.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 5 Environmental Health Introduction: Exposure vs dosis/time Food, Air, Water Indoor Pollution Bystander Professional Exposure Intoxications, Suicides, Accidents log. [dosis] Biological effect Immune response: Allergies, MCS, etc… Domain of competence Emergencies Occupational Health Environmental Health Non-immune response: cell- & organ- damage Source: Hansen et al. (2000) Mandatory Biomonitoring Volunteered Biomonitoring
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 6 Human Biomonitoring in Europe Human Biomonitoring (HBM) : Concept Concepts of Human Biomonitoring: –HBM is an important tool to support environment and health policy making. –HBM allows superior quantification of exposure of the general European population to existing and emerging environmental substances. –HBM enables evaluation of policy actions aimed at reducing exposure, more comprehensive health impact assessments of policy options, control of chemical regulations (e.g. REACH), etc.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 7 Human Biomonitoring in Europe History and examples Lead (Pb) Pb from fuel <70s : 0.6 g/L 1972 : 0.40 g/L 1976 : 0.15 g/L 1985 : Pb free Pb from tap water lead piping -1973
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 8 Human Biomonitoring in Europe COPHES and DEMOCOPHES : Objectives Project Objectives –The main objective of COPHES is the development of a functional framework allowing the collection of comparable HBM data throughout Europe. Starting from an inventory and analysis of similarities and discrepancies in existing and planned HBM studies in different EU Member States, harmonised study protocols will be prepared and tested out in collaboration with DEMOCOPHES, the demonstration study, from 2011 onwards. Although the focus at this stage is given to mercury, cadmium, phthalates as well as environmental tobacco smoke, further substances (e.g. Bisphenol A) are included in an coordinated approach. History –Paris (2008) – Cophes –Parma (2010) – Democophes –Berlin (2010)
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 9 Human Biomonitoring in Europe …on a truly European scale Luxembourg Europe Initiativ Liewensufank a.s.b.l.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 10 § Who –Laboratoire National de Santé Initiator - Center of competence - Analytics –CRP Gabriel Lippmann Coordination - Administration - Development –Initiativ Liewensufank Sampling - Communication What –Mercury – Cadmium – Phthalates – Cotinine – Creatinine – Bisphenol A When –2011 onwards Where –60 Children/MS betw years –60 Mothers/MS betw years Human Biomonitoring in Europe Who – What – When – Where
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 11 Contact & information Marc FISCHER Laboratoire National de Santé Laboratoire dHygiène du Milieu et de Surveillance Biologique Initiativ Liewensufank a.s.b.l. Arno GUTLEB CRP Gabriel Lippmann Nutrition et toxicologie Maryse ARENDT Initiativ Liewensufank asbl
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