We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byMohammed Blakeney
Modified over 2 years ago
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 1 Humanbiomonitoring in Europe COPHES - DemoCOPHES Ministère de la Santé – Villa Louvigny – Luxembourg
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 2 Environment and Health Introduction Classic studies: –Influence: Humans on Environment healthy environment Modern studies (i.e. Cophes and Democophes) –Influence: Environment on humans environmental health
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 3 Environmental Health Introduction Daily life exposure to environmental pollutants –is not a matter of whether you are exposed! –It is a matter of how much you are exposed
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 4 Environmental Health Introduction: Exposure vs dosis/time Environmental health –Time of exposure long term –Dosis low level –Presence multiple combinatory effects investigations needed –Knowledge poor Classic toxicology –Time of exposure short term –Dosis high level –Presence single known effects ADI, NOEL, LD50 –Knowledge documented Environmental health is defined by the World Health Organization as: - Those aspects of the human health and disease that are determined by factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially affect health. - Environmental health as used by the WHO Regional Office for Europe, includes both the direct pathological effects of chemicals, radiation and some biological agents, and the effects (often indirect) on health and wellbeing of the broad physical, psychological, social and aesthetic environment which includes housing, urban development, land use and transport.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 5 Environmental Health Introduction: Exposure vs dosis/time Food, Air, Water Indoor Pollution Bystander Professional Exposure Intoxications, Suicides, Accidents log. [dosis] Biological effect Immune response: Allergies, MCS, etc… Domain of competence Emergencies Occupational Health Environmental Health Non-immune response: cell- & organ- damage Source: Hansen et al. (2000) Mandatory Biomonitoring Volunteered Biomonitoring
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 6 Human Biomonitoring in Europe Human Biomonitoring (HBM) : Concept Concepts of Human Biomonitoring: –HBM is an important tool to support environment and health policy making. –HBM allows superior quantification of exposure of the general European population to existing and emerging environmental substances. –HBM enables evaluation of policy actions aimed at reducing exposure, more comprehensive health impact assessments of policy options, control of chemical regulations (e.g. REACH), etc.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 7 Human Biomonitoring in Europe History and examples Lead (Pb) Pb from fuel <70s : 0.6 g/L 1972 : 0.40 g/L 1976 : 0.15 g/L 1985 : Pb free Pb from tap water lead piping -1973
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 8 Human Biomonitoring in Europe COPHES and DEMOCOPHES : Objectives Project Objectives –The main objective of COPHES is the development of a functional framework allowing the collection of comparable HBM data throughout Europe. Starting from an inventory and analysis of similarities and discrepancies in existing and planned HBM studies in different EU Member States, harmonised study protocols will be prepared and tested out in collaboration with DEMOCOPHES, the demonstration study, from 2011 onwards. Although the focus at this stage is given to mercury, cadmium, phthalates as well as environmental tobacco smoke, further substances (e.g. Bisphenol A) are included in an coordinated approach. History –Paris (2008) – Cophes –Parma (2010) – Democophes –Berlin (2010)
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 9 Human Biomonitoring in Europe …on a truly European scale Luxembourg Europe Initiativ Liewensufank a.s.b.l.
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 10 § Who –Laboratoire National de Santé Initiator - Center of competence - Analytics –CRP Gabriel Lippmann Coordination - Administration - Development –Initiativ Liewensufank Sampling - Communication What –Mercury – Cadmium – Phthalates – Cotinine – Creatinine – Bisphenol A When –2011 onwards Where –60 Children/MS betw years –60 Mothers/MS betw years Human Biomonitoring in Europe Who – What – When – Where
©2011 by Laboratoire National de SantéDipl. Ing. Marc FISCHER 11 Contact & information Marc FISCHER Laboratoire National de Santé Laboratoire dHygiène du Milieu et de Surveillance Biologique Initiativ Liewensufank a.s.b.l. Arno GUTLEB CRP Gabriel Lippmann Nutrition et toxicologie Maryse ARENDT Initiativ Liewensufank asbl
Environmental Health Unit: Lesson 1 - Introduction Objective: TSWBAT identify issues of how the environment affects our personal health on a daily basis.
The circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded Public Health Definition of “The Environment” All that which is external to.
1 Biomedical Sciences Public and Environmental Health Regenerative Medicine Translational Research.
The Environment and Human Health. Pollution and Human Health Objectives 1.List five pollutants, their sources, and their possible effects on human health.
The Determinants of Health. Income and Social Status: The more money you have, the healthier you are likely to be. This is the single most important determinant.
An Isrealistic soil policy The approach. 2 Aims of the policy Determine action levels Determine measures Save Pragmatic Cost effective Prevent.
© 2014 wheresjenny.com Environment v/s technology ENVIRONMENT V/S TECHNOLOGY.
Healthand Quality of Life BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL OF WELL-BEING.
Standard 16. Environmental Health The registered nurse practices in an environmentally safe and healthy manner.
INTRODUCTION TO CONSUMPTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE 1.
What is Urban Ecology? Notes. Social Factors Interactions between humans Interactions between humans and their environment Health of people Government.
Environmental Health Monitoring Helen Casstles Centre for Public Health Liverpool John Moores University.
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Chapter 9 Environmental Science.
REC in the European Environment and Health Process Eva Csobod PhD Country Office Director.
HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT EXPERIENCES Sri Endah Suwarni, MPH, Dpl.WQM Budi Haryanto, MSPH, MSc, PhD MINISTRY OF HEALTH, REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA.
Three Extremes Population Technology candobetter.net Life Style.
Towards a harmonised approach for collection and interpretation of data on emerging substances in the environment in support of European environmental.
International Health and Safety at Work. IGC1 1. Foundations in Health and Safety 2. Health and Safety Management Systems 1-Policy 3. Health and Safety.
Chapter 15.1 Links Between Human Health and the Environment emerging diseases (avian flu, SARS, Ebola) appear as we continue to manipulate the natural.
Spatial Planning in Germany Principles The preparation of spatial plans and their implementation are principally independent from each other. A town planning.
A Modern Definition Study of the occurrence and distribution of health-related diseases or events in specified populations, including the study of the.
FP 6 - Radiation Protection Main objectives u underpin European policy/standards u resolve uncertainties in the risk from low and protracted exposures.
Taking Action to Protect Health from Climate Change Carlos Corvalan – PAHO/WHO Global Workshop to Evaluate Guides to Assess Health Vulnerability and Adaptation.
Climate Change and Environmental Health Research Sharon H. Hrynkow, Ph.D. Associate Director National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences National.
Chapter 14 Environmental Health Copyright © 2015, 2011, 2007, 2001, 1997, 1993 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
Environmental Health. What is Environmental Health? Refers to the influence of environmental conditions on the development of disease or injury.
Pollution and Human Health. Environmental Effects on Health Pollution causes illnesses directly and indirectly. Direct: Poisoning – Examples: Lead poisoning.
INTEGRATED INFORMATION E & H Action Plan Implementation.
Sustainable Water Management and Assessment of a new Strategy for Exploiting Resources in Syrian dry Areas Myriam Saadé Université de Lausanne Maison de.
CHAPTER 7 TRANSPORT PLANNING AND THE ENVIRONMENT.
CHAPTER 1 Environmental Science: A Global Perspective “All the flowers of all the tomorrows are in the seeds of today.” Chinese Proverb.
Public health and environment 1 |1 | Including Health into Rio + 20 debates and decisions _____ Dr Carlos Dora Interventions for Health Environments Department.
Part 1b Part 1b NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND POPULATIONS; BASIC CONCEPTS OF EXPOSURE, DOSE AND RISK.
School of Education Communication and Language Sciences Modelling (for Christmas…) Using conceptual models to plan, analyse, synthesise, diagnose, predict.
Lectures in Essentials of Environmental Health For Second Year Public Health Students / First Semester Introduced by Dr. Khaled H. El-Ezaby Assistant Professor.
GASES AND VAPORS thermalA chemical substance where all the molecules are not connected within any sort of structure and so are free to move completely.
The Development of the Children’s Environment and Health Action Plan for Europe, in the United Kingdom Dr Simon Dyer Policy Coordinator, Health Protection.
Introduction to Environment. Environment : from the French word ‘environner ‘- to encircle or surround Whatever is around us constitutes our Environment.
Problems due to overuse of energy Resources Unit III Part V.
An increase of population and growth in economic development is causing adverse reactions with the surrounding environment of many areas. This population.
Environmental Public Health Indicators: The CDC Approach Michael A. McGeehin, Ph.D., M.S.P.H. Director Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects.
Introduction The environment plays a big role on human health. Public health agencies decide policy based on the environmental factors at play in their.
Housing and the European World Health Organisation Healthy City Programme By Dave Leonard WHO Co-ordinator Sunderland.
Research on Health Effects of Air Toxics Policy Perspective.
Indoor Air Quality Tools for Schools Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals Environmental Education Outreach Program
Toxicology Introduction to Toxicology Children's Health and the Environment CHEST Training Package for the Health Sector TRAINING FOR THE HEALTH SECTOR.
Promote a Healthy and Safe Environment Committee Goals and Objectives for Action.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.