Presentation on theme: "Memory Management in SQL Server Analysis Services Steve Wright Director of Product Support SQL Sentry, Inc."— Presentation transcript:
Memory Management in SQL Server Analysis Services Steve Wright Director of Product Support SQL Sentry, Inc.
About the Presenter Steve Wright – Director of Product Support for SQL Sentry Inc. Headquartered in Huntersville, NC SQL Sentry provides tools to monitor your entire Microsoft BI Platform
About this presentation… We will discuss methods used to manage memory in SQL Server Analysis Services Expected behavior when applying these methods. How to monitor that behavior Examples of Issues when these methods are mis-applied.
SSAS Memory Categories Shrinkable – Easily reduced and returned to the OS – SE and FE caches Nonshrinkable – Used for more essential system-related activites – Memory Allocators – Metadata Objects – Not easily reduced.
SSAS Memory Limits Used to determine how to allocate and manage internal memory Configurable with SSAS properties with SSMS or edit msmdsrv.ini Memory\LowMemoryLimit Memory\TotalMemoryLimit Refers to physical memory on the server
Memory\LowMemoryLimit Default Value 65 in SSAS2008, 75 in SSAS2005 Percentage if between 0 and 100. Bytes if greater than 100. Refers to total physical memory on machine
Memory\TotalMemoryLimit Default Value 80 Percentage if between 0 and 100. Bytes if greater than 100. Total amount of memory the SSAS process(msmdsrv.exe) can consume.
Total Memory Limit cont. If set to 0, SSAS will use no memory for caching Total available to SSAS depends on platform – 32-bit limited to 3GB with /Gb switch enabled – 64-bit provides all memory available
Behavior – Low Limit Reached Cleaner threads start moving data out of memory (non-aggresively) Perfmon – MSOLAP$SQL:Memory > Cleaner Memory Shrunk KB/sec
Behavior – Total Limit Reached Cleaner goes into crisis mode More aggressive cleanup More threads spawned Dramatic performance impact
Behavior Between Low and Total Economic memory management Memory Price per KB Depends on amount available based on limits Memory is free and the livin is easy under the Low Limit! Memory price begins to increase as total memory increases between Low and Total.
SSAS Memory Management Self governing – no consideration for low physical memory conditions Windows File Cache – Unlike SQL Server, SSAS DBs are collection of files on files system and use file system cache – SSAS data may be loaded in RAM as file cache – Not part of SSAS process memory or limits
Monitoring - Perfmon Memory Usage KB Memory Limit Low(High) KB Cleaner Memory KB Cleaner Memory (Non)Shrinkable KB Cleaner Memory Shrunk KB Do NOT rely on Task Manager
The Big Picture
Graphical Anomaly - Background SQL Sentry Customer – Financial Services Beta tester of SQL Sentry Performance Advisor for Analysis Services Eager to test as they were suffering from SSAS performance issues Scheduled Microsoft to come on-site to help
Common Issues – Graphical Anomaly?
Graphical Anomaly – The Investigation Memory Limit SettingConfigured ValuePerf Counter Value (KB) Memory\LowMemoryLimit Memory\TotalMemoryLimit
Graphical Anomaly – The Investigation
Graphical Anomaly – A Comparison BeforeAfter
The Investigation Continues
Almost all time spent on non-cached Storage Engine operations (SE non-cached) Every time query needs data its not found in the FE Cache FE requests from SE SE unable to find in its cache Must go to file system
Caught Red Handed!
Total Queries shows how many times storage engine went to the file system to read data from a partition or aggregation. Want this to be as close to 0 as possible. Exceptions are when Agg is first hit and loaded into cache or cache is cold.
Could have been worse!
Scenario #2 Preallocation
Memory Preallocation Introduced with SQL 2005 SP2 due to limitations with memory allocations in Windows Server 2003 Edit in msmdsrv.ini Preallocates % of physical memory on SSAS startup
SQL CAT Tech Notes Running Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Analysis Services on Windows Server 2008 vs. Windows Server 2003 and Memory Preallocation: Lessons Learned server-2008-analysis-services-on-windows-server-2008-vs-windows-server and-memory-preallocation-lessons-learned.aspx server-2008-analysis-services-on-windows-server-2008-vs-windows-server and-memory-preallocation-lessons-learned.aspx Author: Carl Rabeler Contributors: Eric Jacobsen, Thomas Kejser Technical Reviewers: Brad Daniels, Lindsey Allen, John Desch, Wayne Robertson, Kevin Cox
SQL CAT Report Summary SSAS 2008 runs equally well on Windows 2008 with or without preallocation SSAS 2008 runs substantially better on Windows 2003 WITH preallocation Essentially equal to Windows 2008
Points to Consider Be sure to set low enough so sufficient memory remains for other processes and avoid paging. Be sure to set high enough for it to help SSAS Use peak value for memory counters as guideline Also applies to SSAS 2005 (no change in code)
PreAllocate Pitfall? 80 65
PreAllocate Pitfall? PreAllocate does not override memory limits Memory cleaner acts as if all preallocated memory is in use. In this case PreAllocate = TotalMemoryLimit Result – cleaner goes into crisis mode Performance suffers drastically